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How to Criticize with Kindness: Philosopher Daniel Dennett on the Four Steps to Arguing Intelligently

How to Criticize with Kindness: Philosopher Daniel Dennett on the Four Steps to Arguing Intelligently
By Maria Popova “In disputes upon moral or scientific points,” Arthur Martine counseled in his magnificent 1866 guide to the art of conversation, “let your aim be to come at truth, not to conquer your opponent. So you never shall be at a loss in losing the argument, and gaining a new discovery.” Daniel Dennett (b. In Intuition Pumps and Other Tools for Thinking (public library) — the same fantastic volume that gave us Dennett on the dignity and art-science of making mistakes — he offers what he calls “the best antidote [for the] tendency to caricature one’s opponent”: a list of rules formulated decades ago by the legendary social psychologist and game theorist Anatol Rapoport, best-known for originating the famous tit-for-tat strategy of game theory. If only the same code of conduct could be applied to critical commentary online, particularly to the indelible inferno of comments. Related:  Manipulation and PersuasionStuff 3

La información es el sistema de control (y está en todas partes) Michel Foucault escribió que “Un día, el siglo será deleuziano”. Se refería al siglo XX, pero en muchos aspectos es el siglo XXI el que es deleuziano. Un mundo donde coexisten paradójicamente la estructura rizomática, descentralizada, hiperconectada del conocimiento –y que ha abrazado poética y ecológicamente una visión de la multiplicidad, de la heterogeneidad y de la holonomía– y un aparato de control vigilante a través de esa misma información, tan seductora. Gilles Deleuze expresó con singular claridad hace alrededor de 30 años la idea de que transitábamos a una sociedad de control, un modelo que tomó del mismo Foucault –quien entendió que la información era históricamente central en la configuración evolutiva del aparato de poder– y de William Burroughs, quien en vislumbres de lúcida paranoia, desde El almuerzo desnudo, alcanzó a ver el andamiaje del universo como un invasivo aparato de biocontrol. Deleuze entendió la filosofía de una manera creativa.

Carry a tune: seven of the best portable Bluetooth speakers | Technology Every reputable audio brand now offers portable Bluetooth speakers, alongside swaths of Amazon-fodder with names such as iClutch and The Broozr. The latter are very cheap and are certainly a good option for people who simply want a slightly louder phone. The seven speakers tested below represent a range of those with pretensions to superior fidelity. Some of these have flashy extra features such as USB power output or aptX compression. The former is useful, but in most cases seemed like an afterthought, while the latter is almost worthless unless your device is equally well equipped and you only listen to swanky lossless audio. We’ve judged them, then, primarily on the quality of the sound they produce, plying them repeatedly with the same six tracks, in the hope of separating the room-fillers from the landfillers. Onkyo T3 £109Dainty little trinket250g, £109.99 Beats Pill+Loud, trendy must-have shaped like huge aspirin 745g, £189 Libratone TooNifty Danish torpedo588g, £109

I nuovi rossobruni? · KEIN PFUSCH, BITTE! Non simpatizzando per una particolare area politica, e provando antipatia per tutte le formazioni esistenti - si salva giusto qualche elemento del partito pirata tedesco - ho smesso di occuparmi di vicende ideologiche. Le ideologie sono qualcosa che, dopo il 2000, sarebbe meglio gettare nel cassetto. Per questa ragione ultimamente non sto piu’ parlando di ideologie, specialmente quelle del millennio scorso: non ne seguo l’evoluzione da un pochino. Cosi’ ieri , ad un breve seminario sul futuro di SS7 (1) mi sono trovato un poco spiazzato nel parlare con alcuni tecnici francesi , che discutevano - indovinate un pochino - della Le Pen. Mi ha stupito perche’ si tratta di specialisti tutto sommato di buona famiglia, e con un livello di istruzione abbastanza alto, per cui non mi aspettavo alcune regressioni. Per esempio, la storia dei campi di sterminio nazisti. Hanno pero’ aggiunto un piccolo cappello. E’ chiaro che si tratti di un espediente per evitare problemi con la legge. Sono semi.

Unusual places in London – London photo galleries – Time Out London Rivoli Ballroom Where am I?Glide through a magical costume ball, or shake a tail feather to some of the finest rock ’n’ roll hits of the 1950s in a lush gold and velvet ballroom. Hey, is that Elvis over there? Is it? -Les mécanismes de la crédulité vus par la science La manipulation des médias est une réalité de notre temps, mais la crédulité, elle, est universelle. Une étude en psychologie s’est penchée —encore une fois— sur les raisons qui rendent certaines personnes plus susceptibles de croire en une information fausse, qu’elle leur parvienne des médias, de la presse ou des politiciens. À la base, ces chercheurs partent d’un constat récent, qui a été révélé ces dernières années par l’analyse de nos cerveaux: rejeter une information demande plus «d’efforts» que d'y croire. Notre cerveau doit en effet analyser —la fiabilité de la source d’information et le caractère plausible ou non de l’histoire— avant de la rejeter. En comparaison, si on choisit d’y croire, notre cerveau peut faire une sieste... Mais c’est plus compliqué que ça, écrivent le psychologue australien Stephan Lewandowsky et ses collègues. Qu’ont en commun ces éléments auxquels vous portez attention? Désinformer pour régner : Un regard de la science sur elle-même ! Comment désinformer ?

The Top 37 Things You’ll Regret When You’re Old (Pay Attention To #15) 1. Not traveling when you had the chance. Traveling becomes infinitely harder the older you get, especially if you have a family and need to pay the way for three-plus people instead of just yourself. 2. Not learning another language. You’ll kick yourself when you realize you took three years of language in high school and remember none of it. 3. No one who ever gets out of a bad relationship looks back without wishing they made the move sooner. 4. Wrinkles, moles, and skin cancer can largely be avoided if you protect yourself. 5. “Nah, dude, I’ll catch Nirvana next time they come through town.” 6. Looking back you’ll think, What was I so afraid of, comfort zone? 7. Too many of us spend the physical peak of our lives on the couch. 8. Few things are as sad as an old person saying, “Well, it just wasn’t done back then.” 9. Look, you gotta pay the bills. 10. It’s not just that your grades play a role in determining where you end up in life. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Brush. 22.

How to get what you want: top negotiators on the tricks of their trade The divorce lawyer Ayesha Vardag won the landmark ruling in 2010 that German heiress Katrin Radmacher’s prenuptial agreement was legally binding, protecting her £106m fortune. She also recently won the right for Pauline Chai, wife of Laura Ashley tycoon Khoo Kay Peng, to have her divorce case heard in the UK, paving the way for what could be one of the biggest divorce payouts in history.Growing up, it was just my mother and me. My father was from a Pashtun family, and he had a political and legal career in Pakistan. My career started in commercial law with Linklaters. Clients often come to me saying, “Well, I just want to make him or her pay” or, “I just want to drive them into the ground.” People need to set out clearly what their bottom line is before discussing anything. Being combative doesn’t help: it’s better to be good-humoured. Use your emotional assets Guilt can be a very potent factor. Stay calm Anger and revenge fantasies can get in the way of what you want. The broker

How to Uninstall Multiple Android Apps at Once Quickly There are many useful apps available for Android on Google Play Store. We all are excited to download and use new tools and games. If you also do the same, then you have probably installed hundred of apps in your phone, some of which you don't even use now. As we all know that these apps drain phone's battery life and use unnecessary storage, so it is better to uninstall them. It would be a tedious task to uninstall multiple apps one by one, as you have to repeat the same process again and again. Note: Before uninstalling anything, it's highly recommended to backup all apps in your phone so that can install them later, if required. 1. Easy Uninstaller is an amazing and easy-to-use tool that can help you to uninstall multiple apps at once. Even after uninstalling, some apps will leave their cached data in internal memory which occupy unnecessary space. 2. ES File Explorer is much more than just a simple file manager.

Il confronto delle idee nell'epoca di Facebook Gli utenti del social network evitano di leggere le notizie che potrebbero mettere in discussione le loro opinioni. Questo comportamento agisce come un filtro più potente rispetto agli algoritmi che scelgono tra le notizie segnalate dagli amici quelle ritenute di maggior interesse I filtri che sui social network selezionano le notizie che potrebbero essere di maggior interesse per un certo utente rischiano di isolare la persona dal confronto con idee che non coincidono con le sue. In realtà però il filtro più potente del flusso di informazioni è l'utente stesso. Al pari dei motori di ricerca, i social network sono dotati di algoritmi che classificano le notizie, personalizzandole per ciascun utente, sulla base delle precedenti scelte fatte dalla singola persona. risultato che gli algoritmi abbassavano di un punto la percentuale delle notizie che avrebbero potuto mettere in discussione le convinzioni dell'utente, rispetto a quelle che gli sarebbero arrivate in assenza dei filtri.

Be a D**khead: the Philip K. Dick way of political resistance “How does one fashion a book of resistance, a book of truth in an empire of falsehood, or a book of rectitude in an empire of vicious lies?” –Philip K. Dick, Only Apparently Real I am a D**khead—a Philip K. Given that Dick explored so many different political themes in his work, it’s impossible to cover them all in any one article. The spiritual basis of Philip K. “We did not fall because of a moral error; we fell because of an intellectual error: that of taking the phenomenal world as real. The first important point is that for Philip K. Throughout the February and March of 1974 (or “2-3-74”), Dick had a series of intense mystical experiences that would confirm and recapitulate the themes he had obsessively explored throughout his career. On Feb. 20, Dick saw the Ichthys (the Christian fish symbol) being worn as a pendant by a pharmacy delivery girl who had arrived at his house to deliver pain medication that he was sorely in need of after oral surgery. Philip K. TL;DR?