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Runner-Up: Malala Yousafzai, the Fighter Ayesha Mir didn’t go to school on Tuesday, Nov. 27, the day after a security guard found a shrapnel-packed bomb under her family’s car. The 17-year-old Pakistani girl assumed, as did most people who learned about the bomb, that it was intended for her father, the television news presenter Hamid Mir, who often takes on the Taliban in his nightly news broadcasts. Traumatized by the near miss, Ayesha spent most of the day curled up in a corner of her couch, unsure whom to be angrier with: the would-be assassins or her father for putting himself in danger. She desperately wanted someone to help her make sense of things. At around 10:30 p.m., she got her wish. (PHOTOS: The Malala Effect: Dreaming of a University Degree) “This is Malala,” said the girl on the other end of the line. Cover Photograph by Asim Hafeez In trying, and failing, to kill Malala, the Taliban appear to have made a crucial mistake. (MORE: The Other Girls on the Bus: How Malala’s Classmates Are Carrying On)

Un conte de fées chinois : Ma Yan a eu son bac Ma Yan en 2002 dans son collège de Yinchuan (P.Haski/Rue89) C’est l’histoire d’une miraculée... J’ai reçu un court e-mail, en fin de semaine dernière, d’une jeune Chinoise, Ma Yan, m’annonçant qu’elle avait réussi le Gaokao, l’équivalent chinois du bac, qui est surtout le sésame d’entrée à l’université. Sa joie était immense, et la nouvelle a fait énormément plaisir à tous ceux pour qui cette jeune fille était devenue un symbole de ténacité et d’espoir. Par souci de transparence, je signale que je suis co-auteur du « Journal de Ma Yan », et trésorier de l’association Enfants du Ningxia qui en est issue. Au moment de quitter un des villages les plus pauvres, une paysanne confia à l’une d’entre nous une lettre et trois carnets, insistant comme si sa vie en dépendait. Ces carnets deviendront » Le Journal de Ma Yan » , un livre d’abord publié en France en 2002 (éditions Ramsay), puis traduit en 19 langues, y compris... le chinois ! Quant à Ma Yan, oubliés les 7 euros manquant.

104. MALALA YOUSAFZAI: I have the right Malala Yousafzai (1997-) is a 15-year-old Pakistani girl who was shot in the head on the way home from school by the Taliban. Her only crime was criticising the Taliban’s strict rules against female education and standing up for her right to go to school. Inspired by her activist father, Malala was involved in social justice from a young age. She first gained prominence at age 11, when she wrote a blog for the BBC for 10 weeks (under a pseudonym) detailing her life under Taliban rule. On the 9th October 2012, on her way home from school, Malala was shot in the head and neck by a masked gunman (two other children, Kainat Riaz and Shazia Ramzan, were also injured). Malala has recently been nominated for the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize, the youngest person in history to receive the honour, and I, along with the millions of people she has inspired, am hoping this remarkable young woman wins. UPDATE: Malala has recently returned to school!

Stand #withMalala for Girls Education A message from Malala Yousafzai, co-founder of the Malala Fund and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate: Sometimes people ask me, why is it important for girls to go to school? I think the more important question to ask is, why shouldn’t girls have the right to go to school? My courageous friend, sixteen year-old Muzoon from Syria, goes from tent to tent in her refugee camp in Jordan encouraging girls to stay in school. There are over 60 million of our sisters around the world who share a thirst for education, yet do not have the opportunity to go to school or who have to drop out too soon. In September, world leaders will commit to 12 years of free, safe, quality primary and secondary education for every girl and every boy in the new United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The GPE is a major funder of education in some of the world’s poorest countries. But currently the GPE’s focus is on funding 9 years of free, quality education for girls in these countries. #WithMalala

Malala Yousafzai: Taliban shooting victim flown to UK 15 October 2012Last updated at 10:43 ET The BBC's Richard Galpin reports from Birmingham where Malala Yousafzai is being treated The 14-year-old Pakistani girl shot in the head by Taliban gunmen is being flown to the UK for medical treatment. Malala Yousafzai has until now been at a military hospital in Rawalpindi, with doctors saying her progress over the next few days would be "critical". She remains in a serious condition after the attack, which the Taliban said they had carried out because she had been "promoting secularism". Pakistan's interior minister has said the attack was planned abroad. Those involved would soon be caught, said Rehman Malik, without giving further details. Bone damage Malala left Pakistan on board an air ambulance provided by the United Arab Emirates, accompanied by a full medical team. Details of her departure were not announced until she had already left the country because of security concerns. The plane spent several hours in Abu Dhabi before flying on to the UK.

Encyclopédie Larousse en ligne - Rosa Luxemburg Théoricienne et révolutionnaire allemande d'origine polonaise (Zamość, près de Lublin, « royaume du Congrès » alors uni à l'Empire de Russie, 1871-Berlin 1919). 1. Débuts de militantisme en Pologne Née dans une famille juive aisée qui vit à Varsovie, elle milite dès le lycée dans un cercle révolutionnaire. Avec le noyau de ce qui, issu du PPS (parti socialiste polonais) deviendra en 1894 la SDKP (social-démocratie du Royaume de Pologne) et avec Leo Jogiches, qui sera son compagnon de vie de 1890 à 1905, elle fonde en 1893 le journal Sprawa Robotnicza, qu'elle rédige à Paris. La pomme de discorde avec le PPS est la position sur la question nationale. 2. En 1898, Rosa Luxemburg s'assure la nationalité allemande par un mariage blanc avec Gustav Lübeck et s'installe à Berlin. Après une brève période où elle est rédacrice en chef à la Sächsische Arbeitzeitung, elle devient collaboratrice régulière de la Leipziger Volkzeitung et fait partie de sa rédaction à partir de 1902. 3. 4.

Malala Yousafzai: Portrait of the girl blogger Pakistani schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai first came to public attention in 2009 when she wrote a BBC diary about life under the Taliban. Now recovering from surgery after being shot by the militants, the campaigner for girls' rights is in the spotlight again. Malala was 11 when she began writing a diary for BBC Urdu. Her blogs described life under Taliban rule from her home town of Mingora, in the northwest region of Pakistan she affectionately calls "My Swat". I am afraid - 3 January 2009 "I had a terrible dream yesterday with military helicopters and the Taliban. On my way from school to home I heard a man saying 'I will kill you'. By 2009, the Taliban controlled much of the Swat Valley and applied their austere interpretation of sharia law. "When the Taliban came to Swat they banned women from going to the market and they banned shopping," Malala told the BBC last year. But Malala's primary objection was to the Taliban's prohibition of female education. Interrupted sleep - 15 January 2009

Olympe de Gouges, une femme au XXIème L'heure du documentaire voit le monde au fémininUn documentaire de Séverine Liatard et Séverine Cassar Rediffusion de La Fabrique de l'Histoire du 17/09/2013 Née à Montauban en 1748, Marie Gouze, veuve à 20 ans, quitte son Quercy natal pour rejoindre la capitale avec son fils. Elle parvient peu à peu à fréquenter la société artistique et intellectuelle du Paris des Lumières. Peu soucieuse de rester discrète alors que son statut de femme l’exige, elle écrit également en 1791, sa Déclaration des droits de la femme et de la citoyenne qui obtient peu d’écho mais préfigure la pensée féministe moderne. Aujourd’hui, cette oubliée de l’histoire guillotinée pour ses idées est considérée comme une humaniste visionnaire. Avec : Olivier Blanc historien; Catel Muller et José-Louis Bocquet auteurs d’une BD sur la vie d’Olympe de Gouges; Elsa Solal écrivaine; Clarissa Palmer historienne et Annie Vergne comédienne et metteur en scène

Malala's journey from near death to recovery Malala Yousafzai returns to school for the first time at Edgbaston High School for Girls in Birmingham, England, on March 19. The 15-year-old said she had "achieved her dream." Malala was one of seven people featured on the cover of Time's 100 most influential people edition of the magazine in April. The teen was discharged from Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, England, in February. Malala Yousufzai, 15, reads a book on November 7 at the hospital. Malala talks with her father, Ziauddin. Malala sits up in bed on October 25 after surgery for a gunshot wound to the head. Malala recovers at Queen Elizabeth Hospital on October 19 after being treated. Pakistani hospital workers carry Malala on a stretcher on October 9 after she was shot in the head by the Taliban in Mingora. Malala's road to recovery (CNN) -- It began with a ride home from school on Tuesday, October 9. Some of the girls pointed her out. The bus driver hit the gas. Malala was left in critical condition. Army Chief Gen. U.S.