European Commission | Research & Innovation The European Commission took a big step towards open science in Europe. All projects receiving Horizon 2020 funding will have the obligation to make sure any peer reviewed journal article they publish is openly accessible, free of charge. The open access policy is summarized in a brief factsheet. For the details on open access applicable to beneficiaries in projects funded under Horizon 2020, please see the Guidelines on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Research Data. Horizon 2020 has a limited pilot action on open access to research data. Get some support from OpenAIRE On this page you can read more about open access in FP7 The milestones in the development of the Commission's policies on open access and open science are highlighted below. July 2014: Launch of a public consultation in order to gauge the trend towards a more open, data-driven and people-focused way of doing research and innovation. FP7 Projects: FP7 Project: Read the documents: FP7 projects: FP7 Projects:
The University of Edinburgh Testimony London protests: 'I don’t recognise my country' It was a surreal tableau. On the dawn of 10 December 2010 the majestic houses of parliament in London overlooked an eerie landscape of mangled barriers, burnt-up placards, and smashed glass. This was Parliament Square, the focal point for an ill-controlled protest march over cuts and austerity measures that had spilled over into rioting and violence. It was the worst civil unrest to be seen in Britain in a generation. In particular, protesters had hoped to oppose the government’s proposal to triple the cost of university to £9, 000 a year for most students. Their efforts were in vain. Many found the protests a cause for hope. I was coming home from work in central London on the evening of 9 December. ‘I was at university doing some work when I heard the protesters heading down Malet Street, so I joined them. The barriers came down in matter of minutes. It was very cold, and people started building fires.
Choosing the Right University Every course and every university is different and each student wants different things. The chances of finding a perfect match can be a challenge despite over 150 universities and university-level higher education colleges in the UK and the wide range of courses available. You will almost certainly need to decide what is most important to you. Do you want the best course or one that is quite good but offers the options you really want?Do you want the ideal work placement or the course with the least continuous assessment? So choosing the the right course at the right university for you will require some research. The more research you put into the process the more likely you will make the right decision. This will then free you up to focus on your studies and ensure that you hit the grades which will actually get you to your univeristy and your course of choice. Good luck! So how do you go about choosing a university? Next page: The Location
Postgraduate Programmes in War Studies Taught MA Programmes Our internationally renowned Masters programmes are the cornerstone of postgraduate education in the Department of War Studies. All our programmes can be studied full-time or part-time. We also offer bespoke distance learning MAs. Conflict, Security & Development History of Warfare Intelligence & International Security International Conflict Studies International Peace & Security International Relations Non-Proliferation & International Security Science & Security South Asia & Global Security Terrorism, Security & Society War Studies War Studies Online Programmes We offer the following online MA programmes by Distance Learning; Air Power in the Modern World International Relations & Contemporary War War in the Modern World
Menage a Quoi? Optimal Number of Peer Reviewers Abstract Peer review represents the primary mechanism used by funding agencies to allocate financial support and by journals to select manuscripts for publication, yet recent Cochrane reviews determined literature on peer review best practice is sparse. Key to improving the process are reduction of inherent vulnerability to high degree of randomness and, from an economic perspective, limiting both the substantial indirect costs related to reviewer time invested and direct administrative costs to funding agencies, publishers and research institutions. Use of additional reviewers per application may increase reliability and decision consistency, but adds to overall cost and burden. The optimal number of reviewers per application, while not known, is thought to vary with accuracy of judges or evaluation methods. Citation: Snell RR (2015) Menage a Quoi? Academic Editor: Clive M. Received: August 18, 2014; Accepted: February 7, 2015; Published: April 1, 2015 Introduction Methods Results Fig 1.
Glasgow, Scotland, UK Browne Review The Browne Review or Independent Review of Higher Education Funding and Student Finance was a review to consider the future direction of higher education funding in England. It was launched on 9 November 2009 and published its findings on 12 October 2010. It was chaired by Lord Browne of Madingley, the former chief executive of BP. It recommended wide-ranging changes to the system of university funding, including removing the cap on the level of fees that universities can charge, and increasing the income level at which graduates must begin to pay back their loans to £21,000. Scope The Browne Review made its first call for evidence in December 2009. Background Research The Browne Review spent £68,000 on research, from a research budget of £120,000. The survey focussed on how much participants would be willing to pay if fees were restructured. Interim findings Political positions Labour Conservatives and Liberal Democrats Coalition Government
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