background preloader

Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

SOCIAL FACTORS SHAPING PERCEPTION AND DECISION-MAKING Elsewhere we examined several great tensions shaping the human condition: the role of nature versus nurture in shaping humans' social fates and the tensions between the needs of individuals' and the needs of their social systems. The relative importance of these tensions--and relative potency of one force versus the other--has produced great divides in social psychological theories. Another issue generating a major schism involves the workings of the human psyche, whether individuals' decision-makings are more-or-less rational (or, perhaps are determined by some universally uniform neural brain design) or whether they are shaped by uncontrollable sociocultural (external) or emotional (internal) forces. Here, the intent is to stress the socio-cultural component of consciousness and thought. The idea that "true" reality is never truly graspable by humans' sensory and cognitive equipment goes back at least to the works of Plato. Consider the social construction of sensory distinctions.

The Basic Laws of Human Stupidity by Carlo M. Cipolla, Professor of Economics, UC Berkeley in Whole Earth Review, Spring 1987 The First Basic Law of Human Stupidity asserts without ambiguity that Always and inevitably everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation... As you consider Dr. ________________________________________ From: Adrian Giga [] Sent: Tuesday, October 29, 2013 3:13 AM To: Webmaster Subject: ECOMAIL Ecotopia Website - copyright infringement Dear webmaster, Please note that at the following URL: is posted a material that we seriously suspect it has not the permission of the exclusive rights of the owner (

Baptiste Coulmont List of rampage killers This is a partial list of rampage killings. It is further divided into several subsections. This list shall contain every case with at least one of the following features: Rampage killings with six or more dead (excluding the perpetrator)Rampage killings with at least four people killed and a double digit number of victims (dead plus injured)Rampage killings with at least a dozen victims (dead plus injured) In the tables that follow, the "W" column indicates the weapon, or weapons, used. Africa and the Middle East[edit] Only the first 15 entries are shown here. This section contains cases that occurred in Africa and the Middle East. Americas[edit] Only the first 15 entries are shown here. This section contains cases that occurred in the Americas. Not included are school massacres, workplace killings, hate crimes or familicides, which form their own categories. Asia[edit] Only the first 15 entries are shown here. This section contains cases that occurred in Asia. Europe[edit] Grenade amok[edit]

Les Classiques des sciences sociales Abel-Rémusat, Jean-Pierre [1788-1832] sinologue, titulaire de la 1re chaire de langue et littérature chinoise au Collège de France [ sous-collection "Chine ancienne" ] Adler, Alfred [1870-1937] psychanalyste Alain (Émile Chartier) [1868-1951] philosophe français Alexéiev, Basile [1881-1951] professeur au Collège de France Alexis, Jacques Stephen [1922-1961] Écrivain, homme politique et médecin haïtien [sous-collection "Études haïtiennes"] Alexis, Stephen [1889-1962] Diplomate, enseignant, historien, journaliste et écrivain haïtien né aux Gonaïves, père de Jacques Stephen Alexis. Anglès d'Auriac, Jean [1902-1954] Docteur ès Lettres, professeur à la Faculté des Lettres de Rennes Archambault, Paul [1883-1950] Ardouin, Beaubrun [1796-1865] Historien et homme politique haïtien [sous-collection "Études haïtiennes"] Argens, Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d' [1704-1771] homme de lettres et philosophe français Auteurs inconnus Aveling, Edouard César, Jules [100 avant J. Commune de Paris, La [1871]

Countercurrents - Educate | Organize | Agitate 7 cultural concepts we don't have in the U.S. From the end of October through the New Year and onto Valentine's Day, it's easy to forget that the holidays we celebrate are simply cultural constructs that we can choose to engage in — or not. The concepts and ideas we celebrate — like our spiritual beliefs and daily habits — are a choice, though sometimes it feels like we "have" to celebrate them, even if we don't feel like it. Culture is ours to do with as we choose, and that means that we can add, subtract, or edit celebrations or holidays as we see fit — because you and me and everyone reading this makes up our culture, and it is defined by us, for us, after all. If you want to add a new and different perspective to your life, there are plenty of other ways to recognize joy and beauty outside American traditions. Friluftsliv A hiker sits atop Trolltunga, or 'troll's tongue,' a famous rock formation in southwestern Norway. Friluftsliv translates directly from Norwegian as "free air life," which doesn't quite do it justice. Hygge

Worlds Most Isolated Tribe – Enter Their Mysterious Island & They’ll Kill You! Introducing the Sentinelese people. They’ve been kicking around this beautiful island for a whopping 60,000 years. They inhabit a tiny island in The Indian Ocean which is estimated to be approximately the size of Manhattan. From the sky it appears to be an idyllic island with amazing beaches and a dense forest, but tourists or fishermen don’t dare to set foot on this island, due to its inhabitants’ fearsome reputation. When outsiders approach their island, they swarm the shoreline and rain down arrows. The Sentinelese are highly mysterious. Modern history is filled with sad sagas of indigenous peoples eradicated or decimated by diseases borne by European visitors. That has not happened to the Sentinelese. The tribe killed two men in 2006 who were fishing too close to their island, and have been known to fire arrows and fling rocks at low-flying planes or helicopters on reconnaissance missions. Contacting the Sentinelese is a criminal act. Resources: Jade Small More Posts Comments:

La montagna sacra - Prismo Fino al 1865, quando l’allora governatore inglese dell’India Andrew Scott Waugh le conferì il nome del suo predecessore, il cartografo George Everest, la montagna più alta del pianeta era conosciuta dalle popolazioni alle sue pendici come Chomolungma e Sagaramāthā. Che si sappia nessuno aveva mai tentato di scalarla, per nepalesi e tibetani era un luogo abitato da spiriti da tenere a debita distanza. E poi a che scopo? A quelle quote non cresce nulla, non è posto per l’uomo né per la vita in generale. Per cinquanta milioni di anni, dopo lo scontro tra la placca indiana e quella eurasiatica da cui proruppero le catene dell’Himalaya e del Karakoram (ovvero tutte le 109 montagne sopra i 7000 metri al mondo), l’Everest ha vissuto quindi in condizioni di splendido isolamento. Semplicemente era lì, al centro del massiccio del Mahalangur Himal. Hillary e Norgay sulla cima dell'Everest. Che le cose non stessero proprio così divenne chiaro nella notte tra il 10 e l’11 maggio 1996.

The macabre truth of gun control in the US is that toddlers kill more people than terrorists do | Lindy West | Opinion This week, in my country, considered by some of its more embarrassing denizens to be the “greatest country in the world”, an outspoken Florida “gun rights” advocate left a loaded .45 calibre handgun in the back seat of her car and was promptly shot and wounded by her four-year-old child. Truly a pinnacle of human potential, much like the invention of paper in second-century BC China, or Aristotle holding forth in the Lyceum, or whoever first pointed out that Florida looks like America’s penis. What do you say about the outspoken Florida “gun rights” advocate who left a loaded .45 calibre handgun in the back seat of her car and was promptly shot and wounded by her four-year-old child? I take no pleasure in violence and pain. But I have no interest in letting Gilt off the hook. Growing up here myself didn’t prepare me for how distinctly, viscerally frightening it would be to raise children in a gun-obsessed nation. States with more guns have more gun deaths.

Pourquoi la non-violence est la force la plus puissante dont dispose l'humanité? - Zango Media Articles Publié le 11 janvier 2015 | par Thibault G. Depuis quelque temps déjà, on peut entendre ici et là que « l’action non-violente ne fonctionne plus », qu’elle « ne suffit plus » face à la violence subtile des gouvernants, verbale de certain médias ou physique de la part des forces de l’ordre ou de certains ignorants. De telles remarques me forcent à croire que se développe une méconnaissance ou une connaissance erronée de ce qu’est la non-violence. La non-violence n’est pas une forme de révolte « à la mode » qui permet de manifester son mécontentement « sans trop se mouiller » ou une forme de contestation que l’on utilise « jusqu’à ce que ça ne suffise plus ». “La Liberté acquise par l’effusion de sang ou la fraude n’est pas la Liberté.” À l’inverse, la non-violence, de par sa nature même, n’impose rien mais conduit, montre, éduque patiemment jusqu’à ce que le principe prôné soit devenu une évidence. “L’Humain comme animal est violent, il est non violent comme esprit.” Voyagez !

Malthusian Theory of Population Thomas Robert Malthus was the first economist to propose a systematic theory of population. He articulated his views regarding population in his famous book, Essay on the Principle of Population (1798), for which he collected empirical data to support his thesis. Malthus had the second edition of his book published in 1803, in which he modified some of his views from the first edition, but essentially his original thesis did not change. In Essay on the Principle of Population,Malthus proposes the principle that human populations grow exponentially (i.e., doubling with each cycle) while food production grows at an arithmetic rate (i.e. by the repeated addition of a uniform increment in each uniform interval of time). Thus, while food output was likely to increase in a series of twenty-five year intervals in the arithmetic progression 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and so on, population was capable of increasing in the geometric progression 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, and so forth.

Potlatch (anthropologie) Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Originellement, la culture du potlatch était pratiquée autant dans les tribus du monde amérindien (les Amériques) que dans de nombreuses ethnies de l'océan Pacifique, jusqu'aux Indes. C'est pourquoi les premiers colons européens ont pu considérablement spolier les indigènes qui pratiquaient le potlatch, car ils échangeaient de l'or contre de la bimbeloterie ; les Indiens croyant à la valeur « potlatch » de ces échanges pensaient que ces trocs étaient équilibrés. Dans la culture occidentale actuelle, on utilise aussi la formule « briller ou disparaître », qui reflète une dynamique de type potlatch, dans les contextes et cérémonies suivantes : Contribution aux repas communautaires, où chacun apporte spontanément un plat ou une boisson pour tous (salade, dessert...) Le potlatch renvoie en philosophie à la notion de dépense pure (cf.