World War One - What is a Trench? Trench warfare characterised much of the fighting during World War One, particularly along the Western Front. Trench systems were complicated with many interlinking lines of trenches. Front Line Trench Cross Section Artillery Line The artillery line was where the big field guns were located. They were used to fire shells at the enemy. Homefront - World War I and Australia - Research guides at State Library of New South Wales While the men were fighting overseas women were expected to keep things going at home. Women were also actively encouraged to support the war effort by joining voluntary organisations to raise money for the war and to provide comforts for the troops. These organisations include the Australian Red Cross, Citizens' War Chest, Voluntary Aid Detachments, Australian Comforts Fund and the Cheer-up Society.
WWI Australia’s home front experience Registration of Aliens Poster, c.1917. Courtesy National Archives of AustraliaGermany was formed in 1871 when Bismarck united the German states. By 1914 it was a powerful country with a strong army but envious of Britain’s Navy and the empires of Britain and France. Although Britain had a large empire it feared the growing power of Germany and did not want Germany to get new colonies. France had lost some rich land to Germany in 1871. The Home Front 1914 to 1918 The Home Front during World War One refers to life in Britain during the war itself. The Home Front saw a massive change in the role of women, rationing, the bombing of parts of Britain by the Germans (the first time civilians were targeted in war), conscientious objectors and strikes by discontented workers. The whole nation was under the jurisdiction of DORA (Defence of the Realm Act).
The Australian Home Front during World War 1 An overview by Robert Lewis The year 2004 marks the 90th anniversary of the onset of the First World War. Australia’s support of Great Britain as the ‘Mother Country’ meant that this country was also at war. The information that follows examines the impact this conflict had on the fledgling Australian nation. A range of issues, such as: the male population’s reaction to recruiting drives; Gallipoli, where the national character was tested and found not wanting; the government’s wider range of powers over some aspects of people’s lives; effects on the economy, and the changing role of women has been addressed and enhanced with cartoons, posters and photographs from the time.
World War One - Agriculture and Industry The First World War was a total war, in that those on the Home Front were not isolated from the fighting on the battlefields, but instead were as crucial to victory or defeat as the soldiers in the army, the aviators or the sailors in the navy. The two pillars upon which Britain’s war effort rested were industry and agriculture. Industry produced the munitions to fight the war whilst agriculture was vital to produce enough food to fend off starvation as the U boats took their toll on imports.
First World War 1914–18 Australian troops in the Turkish Lone Pine trenchesA02022 The First World War began when Britain and Germany went to war in August 1914, and Prime Minister Andrew Fisher's government pledged full support for Britain. The outbreak of war was greeted in Australia, as in many other places, with great enthusiasm. Australia's early involvement in the Great War included the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force landing at Rabaul on 11 September 1914 and taking possession of German New Guinea at Toma on 17 September 1914 and the neighbouring islands of the Bismarck Archipelago in October 1914. World War One Zeppelin Raids Before the outbreak of World War One, airships were the height of luxury travel. No one imagined they could be used to bring death and destruction to the coastal towns of Britain. The first attack came on the night of 19th January 1915 when the German Zeppelin L3 attacked and bombed Great Yarmouth on the Norfolk coast, resulting in the death of two civilians. That same night another Zeppelin attacked Kings Lynn and two more people died. German airships were known as Zeppelins after the German inventor who designed them, Count Ferdinand Von Zeppelin. These airships were constructed from a rigid shell filled with hydrogen gas, a flammable gas which could be highly explosive.
Australians in World War 1 - Research Guides at State Library of Victoria This is a guide to finding records on Australian service personnel and their war activities. This includes medical personnel such as doctors and nurses. Non-combatants such as journalists and photographers also enlisted in the army, so army records are relevant to them too. This guide explains how to access these records online and in print sources. Most records relate to the army, because far more Australians served in the army (the Australian Imperial Force or AIF) than in the Navy or Australian Flying Corps.
The homefront Australia’s agricultural supply was vital to Britain’s war effort. Contracts were secured to supply wool, wheat and meat to Britain. While primary producers prospered; there were shortages and price increases for many consumer goods in Australian cities. Australians on the Western Front 1914-1918 : Home History - The Home Front in World War One Gallipoli and the Anzacs