Treaty of Tripoli - America NOT a Christian nation The Treaty of Tripoli (Treaty of Peace and Friendship between the United States of America and the Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary) was the first treaty concluded between the United States of America and Tripolitania, signed at Tripoli on November 4, 1796, and at Algiers (for a third-party witness) on January 3, 1797. It was submitted to the Senate by President John Adams, receiving ratification unanimously from the U.S. Senate on June 7, 1797, and signed by Adams, taking effect as the law of the land on June 10, 1797. The treaty was a routine diplomatic agreement but has attracted later attention because the English version included a clause about religion in the United States. Barbary pirates Signing and ratification The official treaty was in Arabic text, and a translated version by Consul-General Barlow was ratified by the United States on June 10, 1797. President Adams' signing statement Article 11 Article 11 Article 11 reads: Art. 11. Barbary wars
2,500-Year Old Preserved Brain Discovered Construction crews near York, UK, found the body of a man who died a violent death 2,500 years ago. Inside the skull was an almost completely intact brain, carefully preserved thanks to the soil in which the body was buried: The Heslington remains, along with others O'Connor has discovered, appear to have been buried quickly after death in wet environments where the absence of oxygen prevented the brain tissue from putrefying. But while the oxygen-free environment seems key, it is not possible to rule out other factors like certain diseases or physiological changes, such as those that accompany starvation, that might predispose the brain to being preserved this way, according to O'Connor.After being deposited in the water-logged pit, the Heslington brain began to change chemically, developing into a durable material and shrinking to a quarter of its size. Link via Nerdcore | Photo: York Archaeological Trust Previously: 800-Year Old Brain with Intact Cells
Exclusive: Early Christian Lead Codices Now Called Fakes | Christian Artifacts Are Forgeries | Life's Little Mysteries Seventy metal books allegedly discovered in a cave in Jordan have been hailed as the earliest Christian documents. Dating them to mere decades after Jesus' death, scholars have called the "lead codices" the most important discovery in archaeological history, and leading media outlets have added fuel to the fire surrounding the books in recent weeks. "Never has there been a discovery of relics on this scale from the early Christian movement, in its homeland and so early in its history," reported the BBC. [Image] Slowly, though, more and more questions have arisen about the authenticity of the codices, whose credit-card-size pages are cast in lead and bound together by lead rings. Mixed messages "I obtained photos of all the text that was available, and spent the past week looking over them," said Steve Caruso, a professional Aramaic translator and teacher who is consulted by dealers of antiquities to analyze inscriptions on ancient artifacts. Just in time for Easter
Six Moldovan 'uranium smugglers' arrested 29 June 2011Last updated at 18:05 ET Moldovan authorities seized another form of uranium - Uranium-238 - last year Moldovan police have arrested six people suspected of trying to sell a type of uranium that can be used in nuclear weapons. Those held wanted to sell more than 1kg (2.2lb) of uranium-235 with a value of at least $20m (14m euros; £12m), an official said. The were conflicting reports as to whether the men were accused of trying to sell the uranium to an African country, or to an African national. Four of the suspects are Moldovan. Two others are from the breakaway Trans-Dniester region, one of whom also holds Russian citizenship, Vitalie Briceag, an official from the interior ministry, told reporters on Wednesday. Police seized 1.8kg of uranium-238 in Moldova's capital, Chisinau, last year. Uranium-238 is the most commonly found, naturally occurring form of the substance. The type needed for nuclear fuel and weapons is the less common uranium-235.
Why College Students Are Losing Their Religion - Conor Friedersdorf - Politics Do university professors really possess the power to make students more secular? Dennis Prager, as thoughtful a voice as you'll find on talk radio, has a new column up in National Review that presumes "God isn't doing well" and tries to explain why. His initial theory is that "increasingly large numbers of men and women attend university," and that "the agenda of Western universities is to produce (left-wing) secularists." Let's say for the sake of argument that most institutions of higher education really were trying at their core to produce left-wing secularists (a motive I very much doubt). How on earth would they succeed? Typically a faculty member has one or two classes at most with a given student. This beggars belief, especially if you're someone like me who attended Catholic school for 14 years. To me, there are better explanations for the fact that "the more university education a person receives, the more likely he is to hold secular and left-wing views."
Spiritually Unfit- FORCED to hear about Jesus from Chaplains | Rock Beyond Belief I just received this chilling letter from a Soldier who recently took the mandatory Soldier Fitness Tracker test, shared to me with permission, from the Military Religious Freedom Foundation (MRFF). The name has been withheld out of fear, but I’m assured that this matter is being worked very hard. [note: emphasis mine, and I broke it into paragraphs, as the email communication garbled the formatting.] Before I tell you, Mr. Weinstein and the MRFF of my total outrage at the U.S. Army for grading me as a “Spiritual Fitness failure”, I will tell you a few things about myself. Whoever this Soldier is, my heart and thoughts go out to him/her. If I could say just one thing to this soldier, it would be this: “Telling your story is a courageous thing to do. I think it’s time to give up the (Holy) ghost. ***Update 18 January 17:45 *** As this post went viral, there were a lot of things brought up and irrational complaints being lodged. One of the standard tactics they employ is denialism.
‘Ten UN workers killed’ at Afghan Koran protest By Agence France-PresseFriday, April 1, 2011 10:56 EDT Update: As many as 20 U.N. workers killed Up to 20 U.N. workers were killed Friday when protesters overran a compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, according to Reuters. Original report continues below… KABUL — Ten foreign UN workers were killed on Friday in an attack on the UN headquarters in the northern Afghan city of Mazar-i-Sharif by demonstrators protesting at the burning of the Koran by a US pastor, police told AFP. “Ten (UN) people have been killed by the protesters (…) All the killed are foreigners,” police spokesman Lal Mohammad Ahmadzai said. A spokesman for the UN mission in Kabul, Don McNorton, said: “We are aware of an incident in our Mazar office, we are currently working to ascertain all the facts.” Afghanistan had condemned the “disrespectful and abhorrent” burning of the Koran by evangelical preacher Pastor Wayne Sapp in a Florida church, calling it an effort to incite tension between religions. These attempts are often successful.
Reappearance and Ascension of the Saviors You must acknowledge that you have read the following disclaimer in order to view documents in the Historical Library. The Historical Library contains writings written before 1970, only. For material written during or after 1970, please refer to the Modern Documents section of the Secular Web Library. This Historical Library is provided for those doing research into the history of nontheism. It is not intended to be--and should not be used as--a source of modern, up-to-date information regarding atheistic issues. Those looking for modern critiques of theism should go to the Modern Documents section of the Secular Web Library. All of the Historical Library authors are dead--and in many cases have been so for several decades. To acknowlege that you have read and understand the Historical Library Disclaimer and that you will not contact us about any Historical Document in our Library, enter the word "yes" in the box and click .
Review of Comparing Book Publishing Applications: Lulu, WeBook, Blurb ... January 23rd, 2009 When comparing book applications there’s one thing to keep in mind: what’s the purpose. Say you’ve got a manuscript and you want to put it out there, bring it to the world, and for that you may want application that can print it, slap an ISBN on it, and send it out for distribution as widely as possible. What if, though, you have a personal project? This week we reviewed Lulu, Qoop, Blurb, and WeBook, keeping in mind that not all users want the same thing, but measuring the features of each as publishing platforms. For printing applications, the first trick was to establish what the user needs. Additional services Lulu provides include book scanning (perfect for preserving vintage sources), videos, calendars, and a range of other printed formats. Clean and attractive, Blurb is the most versatile of the layout tools, with a catch. Buyers and sellers alike will enjoy the preview interface in Blurb, which turns pages in a popup. Create and sell content online with QOOP.
John Piper Interviews Rick Warren on Doctrine - Desiring God - (Private Browsing) This 98 minute interview that I did with Rick Warren was recorded on May 1, 2011, during the Desiring God Regional Conference at Saddleback Church. It's the fulfillment of a commitment we made when Rick was not able to come in person to the Desiring God National Conference in Minneapolis in October, 2010. The nature of the interview is mainly doctrinal. I read Rick’s The Purpose Driven Life with great care. I brought 20 pages of quotes and questions to the interview. You will hear me quote the book dozens of times. My aim in this interview is to bring out and clarify what Rick Warren believes about these biblical doctrines. Rick is not known for being a doctrinal preacher. Rick and I are very different in methodological instincts and inclinations. We both have chosen risky ways. Let this remarkable testimony of faith send you down into the Word of God for a deeper understanding of God and his ways.