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Yoruba religion

Yoruba religion
The Yorùbá religion comprises the traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practices of the Yorùbá people. Its homeland is in Southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin and Togo, a region that has come to be known as Yorùbáland. Yorùbá religion is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. It has influenced or given birth to a host of thriving ways of life such as Lucumí, Umbanda and Candomblé.[1] Yorùbá religious beliefs are part of Itan, the total complex of songs, histories, stories and other cultural concepts which make up the Yorùbá society.[1][2][3] Beliefs[edit] According to Kola Abimbola, the Yorùbá have evolved a robust cosmology.[1] In brief, it holds that all human beings possess what is known as "Àyànmô"[4] (destiny, fate) and are expected to eventually become one in spirit with Olódùmarè (Olòrún, the divine creator and source of all energy). Prayer to one's Orí Òrún produces an immediate sensation of joy. Olódùmarè[edit] Divinities[edit] Related:  CapoeiraDieux et Religion

AfroUmbanda: agosto 2008 Ori según el concepto Yoruba Ori Cabeza física y espiritual Combinación de ODU de IFA IRETE (14) y OFUN (16) “ATEFUN sobrenombre de Ifa sabio. Para cuaquier yoruba la palabra Ori tiene un significado amplio. A un lider o jefe de cualquier organización, los yoruba lo llaman de “OLÓRI” (la cabeza), nosotros también utilizamos esa definición como “cabeza de”. 1) La cabeza física, el craneo humano, donde se aloja el cerebro, a quien usamos para el pensamiento, y el control de todas las otras partes del cuerpo. 2) La cabeza espiritual está subdividida en dos partes más: Cabeza Espiritual a) APARÍ INÚ ( cabeza espiritual interna) b) ORI ÀPÉRÉ ( santo personal, destino o parte divina de cada uno: elegido bajo el dominio de ÀJÀLÁ, la divinidad de ORI) ORI ÀPÈRÉ es la acumulación del destino individual, o sea: ÀKÚNLÈYÀN - parte del destino que uno elige por voluntaad propia ( libre abedrío) ÀKÚNLÈGBÁ - parte del destino adicionada, como complemento del anterior . “ORI buruku ki i wu tuulu. Enikan o mo

Wicca This pentacle, worn as a pendant, depicts a pentagram, or five-pointed star, used as a symbol of Wicca by many adherents. Wicca is a diverse religion with no central authority or figure defining it. It is divided into various lineages and denominations, referred to as traditions, each with its own organisational structure and level of centralisation. Due to its decentralized nature, there is some disagreement over what actually constitutes Wicca. Terminology[edit] Application of the word Wicca has given rise to "a great deal of disagreement and infighting". Beliefs[edit] Beliefs vary markedly between different traditions and individual practitioners. Theology[edit] Altar statues of the Horned God and Mother Goddess crafted by Bel Bucca and owned by the "Mother of Wicca", Doreen Valiente Duotheism[edit] The God and the Goddess[edit] The Gods are real, not as persons, but as vehicles of power. Pantheism, polytheism and animism[edit] Afterlife[edit]

Yoruba literature Yoruba literature is the spoken and written literature of the Yoruba people, the largest ethno-linguistic group in Nigeria, and in Africa. The Yorùbá language is spoken in Nigeria, Benin, and Togo, as well as in dispersed Yoruba communities throughout the world. Writing[edit] Mythology[edit] Ifá, a complex system of divination, involves recital of Yoruba poetry containing stories and proverbs bearing on the divination. Fiction[edit] The first novel in the Yorùbá language was Ogboju Ode ninu Igbo Irunmale (The Forest of A Thousand Demons), although the literal translation is "The bravery of a hunter in the forest of demons", written in 1938 by Chief Daniel O. Amos Tutuola (1920–1997) was greatly inspired by Fagunwa, but wrote in an intentionally rambling, broken English, reflecting the oral tradition. Senator Afolabi Olabimtan (1932–1992) was a writer, along with professor, and politician. Theatre[edit] The Aláàrìnjó theatrical tradition sprang from the Egungun masquerade. See also[edit]

History of Sumer The history of Sumer, taken to include the prehistoric Ubaid and Uruk periods, spans the 5th to 3rd millennia BC, ending with the downfall of the Third Dynasty of Ur around 2004 BC, followed by a transitional period of Amorite states before the rise of Babylonia in the 18th century BC. The first settlement in southern Mesopotamia was Eridu. The Sumerians claimed that their civilization had been brought, fully formed, to the city of Eridu by their god Enki or by his advisor (or Abgallu from ab=water, gal=big, lu=man), Adapa U-an (the Oannes of Berossus). The first people at Eridu brought with them the Samarran culture from northern Mesopotamia and are identified with the Ubaid period, but it is not known whether or not these were Sumerians (associated later with the Uruk period).[1] The Sumerian king list is an ancient text in the Sumerian language listing kings of Sumer, including a few foreign dynasties. Timeline[edit] Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details

orixa Shinto Shinto priest and priestess. Shinto (神道, Shintō?), also kami-no-michi,[note 1] is the indigenous religion of Japan and the people of Japan.[2] It is defined as an action-centered religion,[3] focused on ritual practices to be carried out diligently, to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.[4] Founded in 660 BC according to Japanese mythology,[5] Shinto practices were first recorded and codified in the written historical records of the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki in the 8th century. Still, these earliest Japanese writings do not refer to a unified "Shinto religion", but rather to a collection of native beliefs and mythology.[6] Shinto today is a term that applies to the religion of public shrines devoted to the worship of a multitude of gods (kami),[7] suited to various purposes such as war memorials and harvest festivals, and applies as well to various sectarian organizations. According to Inoue (2003): Types of Shinto Shrine Shinto (神社神道, Jinja-Shintō?) Kami

Orisha Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Les orishas, ou orixás, sont des divinités afro-américaines originaires d'Afrique, et plus précisément des traditions religieuses yoruba. On les retrouve dans plusieurs pays africains ainsi que dans de nombreux pays américains, où ils ont été introduits par la traite des Noirs, qui a frappé les populations yoruba de façon particulièrement lourde. Ils sont vénérés en Afrique, en particulier au Nigéria et au Bénin. Dans les Amériques, on les rencontre surtout dans le candomblé brésilien, sous le nom d'orixás. Ils sont également les divinités de la santeria des Caraïbes. Les orishas dans les croyances yoruba en Afrique[modifier | modifier le code] Généralités[modifier | modifier le code] Itan est le terme qui désigne l'ensemble des mythes, des chants, des histoires et légendes yoruba. Définition des orishas et des vodun[modifier | modifier le code] Les principaux orishas yoruba[modifier | modifier le code] Yemaya (Iemanja) à la Nouvelle-Orléans.

The Official Robert Bauval Website - Books Page Keeper of Genesisby Robert Bauval and Graham Hancock | 1996 Guardian of the ancient mysteries, the keeper of secrets ... For thousands of years the Great Sphinx of Egypt has gazed towards the east, his eyes focussed on eternity, reading a message in the stars that mankind has long forgotten. And today, as our civilisation stands poised at the end of a great cycle, it is a message that beckons insistently to be understood. All the clues are in place. So is somebody trying to tell us something? In Keeper of Genesis/Message of the Sphinx, Robert Bauval (author of the Orion Mystery) and Graham Hancock (author of Fingerprints of the Gods) present a tour de force of historical and scientific detective work, using sophisticated computer simulations of the ancient skies to crack the millennial code that the monuments transcribe, and set out a startling new theory concerning the enigmatic Pyramid Texts and other archaic Egyptian scriptures. What are they looking for?

Black History Heroes: Africans in Brazil: Zumbi dos Palmares Zumbi dos Palmares (born: 1655 - died: 1694) Zumbi dos Palmares was born free in the Palmares region of Brazil in the year 1655, the last of the military leaders of the Quilombo (Kimbundu word: "kilombo," of the North Mbundu Bantu language in Angola, meaning "warrior village or settlement") of Palmares. The Quilombo dos Palmares were a free society (free born, maroons, or refugee slave), an old South American republic, which included the present day Brazilian coastal state of Alagoas, Brazil. Brazilian Coastal State of Alagoas At approximately 6 years old, Zumbi was captured from the Palmares region by the Portuguese and given as a slave to a Portuguese priest, António Melo. Quilombo dos Palmares Republic Quilombo dos Palmares was a self-sustaining republic of maroons located in "a region perhaps the size of Portugal in the hinterland of Bahia" (Braudel 1984). Quilombos of Palmares By 1654, the Portuguese expelled the Dutch from the region, many of whom relocated to Suriname.

Hinduism Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life,[note 1] in South Asia, most notably India. It includes Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Shaktism among numerous other traditions, and a wide spectrum of laws and prescriptions of "daily morality" based on karma, dharma, and societal norms. Hinduism is a categorisation of distinct intellectual or philosophical points of view, rather than a rigid, common set of beliefs. Hinduism has been called the "oldest religion" in the world,[note 2] and some practitioners refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, "the eternal law" or the "eternal way"[3] beyond human origins. Etymology The word Hindu is derived (through Persian) from the Indo-Aryan/Sanskrit word Sindhu, the Indo-Aryan name for the Indus River in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent (modern day Pakistan and Northern India). The word Hindu was taken by European languages from the Arabic term al-Hind, which referred to the people who live across the River Indus. Definitions Colonial influences

Religion en Afrique Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Cet article ou une de ses sections doit être recyclé (indiquez la date de pose grâce au paramètre date). Une réorganisation et une clarification du contenu paraissent nécessaires. Discutez des points à améliorer en page de discussion ou précisez les sections à recycler en utilisant {{section à recycler}}. Les paysages de la religion en Afrique ont connu d'importants changements en un siècle et continuent à évoluer rapidement. Jusqu'au début du XXe siècle, les religions traditionnelles africaines gardaient une place importante en Afrique sub-saharienne. Au début du XXIe siècle, les deux principales religions sont le christianisme et l'islam. Quant aux religions traditionnelles, elles sont rarement majoritaires dans un pays mais se retrouvent un peu partout, cohabitant avec les deux autres religions en formant des syncrétismes). Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] L'islam s'installa donc en Afrique du Nord à partir du VIIe siècle[8].

European Empires in the 19th Century This study unit is designed around the focus points and the specified content of the Cambridge IGCSE History syllabus: 1. Africa What were the motives behind European imperialism in Africa? There are references within this activity to "If" by Rudyard Kipling. 10-question test: Europeans in Africa A short factual test to consolidate knowledge from the previous lesson. How varied were the impacts of European imperialism on Africans? France: assimilation and direct rule > Faidherbe and Senegal Belgium: private imperialism > Leopold II and the Congo Britain: indirect rule > Lugard and Nigeria Comparisons and Contrasts: French, Belgian and British approaches to Empire Using the information from the previous activity, students use this Venn Diagram template to highlight contrasts and comparisons between the different methods used by the French, British and Belgians. 12-question test: Europeans in Africa A short factual test to consolidate knowledge from the previous lesson. 2. 3.

Palmares (quilombo) El Quilombo dos Palmares fue un territorio libre de esclavitud ubicado en Brasil, integrado por varias aldeas, que existió entre 1580 y 1710, organizado por esclavos negros fugitivos y sus descendientes, aunque también existió mestizaje con indígenas y minorías blancas. Estuvo situado en territorios del actual municipio de União dos Palmares, en el norte del Estado de Alagoas, fue el mayor de los quilombos que existieron en Brasil, durante la colonización portuguesa. Inicialmente fue dirigido por el esclavo fugitivo Ganga Zumba, y después por su sobrino, el cual fue conocido como Zumbi dos Palmares. Quilombo es una palabra portuguesa de origen africano de la lengua quimbundu que pasó a designar en Brasil los emplazamientos donde vivían los esclavos fugitivos que habían escapado de las plantaciones y minas controladas por esclavistas portugueses. Aunque se carece de muchos detalles sobre la organización interna de los quilombolas (habitantes del quilombo). CARNEIRO, Edson.

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