Toby Hemenway - How Permaculture Can Save Humanity and the Earth, but Not Civilization
PermacultureWith its system of applied education, research and citizen- led design permaculture has grown a popular web of global networks and developed into a global social movement. The term permaculture was developed and coined by David Holmgren, then a graduate student at the Tasmanian College of Advanced Education's Department of Environmental Design, and Bill Mollison, senior lecturer in Environmental Psychology at University of Tasmania, in 1978.  The word permaculture originally referred to "permanent agriculture", but was expanded to stand also for "permanent culture", as it was understood that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system as inspired by Masanobu Fukuoka’s natural farming philosophy. It has many branches that include, but are not limited to, ecological design, ecological engineering, regenerative design, environmental design, and construction. History Several individuals revolutionized the branch of permaculture. In Australian P.A.