Australia Map / Map of Australia - Facts, Geography, History of Australia Australia whose name comes from the Latin word australis, meaning "southern", has a population of 23,480,939 and gained its independence in 1918. The initial inhabitants of Australia traveled here from far-southeast Asia, and from the Torres Strait islands. From their initial settlements in the north some 70,000 years ago, their individual lifestyles and cultural traditions eventually spread across this vast uncharted land. The first European exposure to Australia occurred in 1606, when the Dutch explorer, Willem Janszoon, sighted, then landed on the Cape York Peninsula. He found the area inhospitable and moved on.
Australia country profile Australia ranks as one of the best countries to live in the world by international comparisons of wealth, education, health and quality of life. The sixth-largest country by land mass, its population is comparatively small with most people living around the eastern and south-eastern coastlines. The country's first inhabitants, the Aboriginal people, are believed to have migrated from Asia tens of thousands of years before the arrival of British settlers in 1788. They now make up less than 3% of Australia's 23 million people. Years of mass immigration after the Second World War heralded sweeping demographic changes, making modern Australia one of the world's most multicultural countries.
City WebQuests: Sydney: history and traditions This webquest will help you investigate Sydney: its history, music and famous landmarks. You will also plan a trip and send a postcard home. Downloadable worksheet and teacher's notes are available at the bottom of the page. Activity 1: Introductory quiz Visit the link below: Aboriginal Australia: History, Culture, and Conflict Aboriginal AustraliaHistory and culture of Australia's indigenous peoples Who Are Aborigines? Aborigines are Australia's indigenous people. Recent government statistics counted approximately 400,000 aboriginal people, or about 2% of Australia's total population.
angloinfo Education in Australia is internationally recognised as being of a very high standard. Schooling is compulsory from ages five to fifteen and is the responsibility of state governments. Although the states each have their own education system, they all follow the same model and receive extra funding from federal government. Education for Foreigners in Australia The Australian government provides public schools that are free of charge to residents of Australia.
Christmas Island Coordinates: The Territory of Christmas Island is a territory of Australia in the Indian Ocean. It has a population of 2,072 residents who live in a number of "Settlement areas" on the northern tip of the island: Flying Fish Cove (also known as Kampong), Silver City, Poon Saan, and Drumsite. The majority of the population is Chinese Australian. Sydney - kidcyber Sydney is the largest city in Australia. About 5 million people live in the city and its suburbs. It is the capital city of the state of New South Wales. Sydney in Australia is built around beautiful Sydney Harbour.
Coral Sea Islands Map of the Coral Sea Islands Map of the Coral Sea Islands Territory History The Coral Sea Islands were first charted in 1803; in the 1870 and 1880s the islands were mined for guano but the absence of a permanent supply of fresh water prevented long-term habitation. The territory was created in 1969 by the Coral Sea Islands Act (before, the area was considered part of Queensland) and extended in 1997 to include Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs nearly 800 km further South, already in the Tasman Sea. The two latter reefs are much closer to Lord Howe Island, New South Wales (about 150 km) than to the southernmost island of the rest of the territory, Cato Island. States and territories of Australia All states and two of the three internal territories have their own parliaments and administer themselves; all remaining territories are administered by the federal government, but with Norfolk Island having some degree of self-government. Map showing the creation of the colonies/states and mainland territories. States and territories See also: List of State Codes Australia has had three now-defunct territories in its history: From 1926 to 1931, the Northern Territory was divided into Central Australia and North Australia, with the border at the 20th parallel of latitude.
Norfolk Island Norfolk Island ( i/ˈnɔrfək ˈaɪlənd/; Norfuk: Norf'k Ailen) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia, 1,412 kilometres (877 mi) directly east of mainland Australia's Evans Head, and about 900 kilometres (560 mi) from Lord Howe Island. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories. Australian Capital Territory Australian Capital Territory (abbreviated ACT) (formerly, "The Territory for the Seat of Government" and, later, the "Federal Capital Territory") is a territory in the south east of Australia, enclaved within New South Wales. It is the smallest self-governing internal territory in Australia. The only city and by far the most populous community is Canberra, the capital city of Australia.
Australia: Fears Over New 'Stolen Generation' By Jonathan Samuels, Australia Correspondent Campaigners are asking for the law to be changed to help rescue thousands of Aboriginal children in Australia from extreme neglect. Alcohol abuse is rife amongst indigenous communities and children are being abandoned while their parents drink. In some rural areas it is common to see toddlers in nappies wandering around unsupervised, even begging for food or warm clothing.