Art 101: What is Neoclassicism? | mashrabiyya Next post in the “Art 101” series: Neo-Classicism. I’ve concentrated on Neoclassicism in art and architecture, but know that it is also prevalent in literature and music. What is Neoclassicism? Death of Marat - Jacques-Louis David, 1793 Neoclassicism is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw upon Western classical art and culture (usually that of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome). These movements were dominant in northern Europe during the mid-18th to the end of the 19th century. Neoclassicism, in a cultural, artistic, and architectural sense, grew as a response against Rococo, which was seen as over-the-top and shallow. The Enlightenment’s emphasis on rationality in part fueled the classical focus. Johann Joachim Winckelmann - Raphael Mengs, after 1755 The enthusiasm for classical antiquity permeated much of the scholarship of the time. Overview Ruins of Palmyra - Robert Word, 1753 Spain Late Phase
Restoration (England) Facts, information, pictures Restoration, in English history, the reestablishment of the monarchy on the accession (1660) of Charles II after the collapse of the Commonwealth (see under commonwealth) and the Protectorate. The term is often used to refer to the entire period from 1660 to the fall of James II in 1688, and in English literature the Restoration period (often called the age of Dryden) is commonly viewed as extending from 1660 to the death of John Dryden in 1700. Restoration of Charles II After the death of Oliver Cromwell in Sept., 1658, the English republican experiment soon faltered. Monck recalled to the Rump Parliament the members who had been excluded by Pride's Purge in 1648; the reconvened body voted its own dissolution. Politics under Charles II and James II Control of policy fell to Charles's inner circle of old Cavalier supporters, notably to Edward Hyde, 1st earl of Clarendon, who was eventually superseded by a group known as the Cabal. England during the Restoration Bibliography See A. Notes:
Neoclassicism, an introduction | Neo-Classicism Nicolas Poussin, Et in Arcadia Ego, 1637-38, oil on canvas, 185 cm × 121 cm (72.8 in × 47.6 in) (Louvre) In opposition to the frivolous sensuality of Rococo painters like Jean-Honoré Fragonard and François Boucher, the Neoclassicists looked back to the French painter Nicolas Poussin for their inspiration (Poussin's work exemplifies the interest in classicism in French art of the 17th century ). The decision to promote "Poussiniste" painting became an ethical consideration—they believed that strong drawing was rational, therefore morally better. They believed that art should be cerebral, not sensual. The Neoclassicists, such as Jacques-Louis David (pronounced Da-VEED), preferred the well-delineated form—clear drawing and modeling (shading). France was on the brink of its first revolution in 1789, and the Neoclassicists wanted to express a rationality and seriousness that was fitting for their times. Essay by Dr. Additional resources:
What Is Neoclassical Literature? (with pictures) Neoclassical literature is writing from a period spanning roughly 150 years, covering 1660 - 1798. Relying on the classic styles of the ancient Greeks and Romans, its main characteristic is an emphasis on logic, common sense, properness and adequate performance in society. Largely a response to the previous chaos of the Renaissance, the writings of this time included a variety of genres, including novels, diaries, essays and satires. Grammar and word study became more formalized, with authors preferring simplicity. Although writing eventually transitioned to more Romantic concepts, the influence of Neoclassical thought is still evident today. Experts divide Neoclassical literature into three major sections: Restoration, Augustan and Johnson. History This period in literature, and other forms of art, was largely a response to the Renaissance. Major Themes Popular Forms The emphasis on order, reason, etiquette and wit made certain styles of literature more popular than others.
The English Restoration - May 25, 1660 Also on this day Lead Story On this day in 1977, Memorial Day weekend opens with an intergalactic bang as the first of George Lucas’ blockbuster Star Wars movies hits American theaters. The incredible success of Star Wars–it received seven Oscars, and earned $461 million in U.S. ticket sales and a gross of close to $800 million... American Revolution With George Washington presiding, the Constitutional Convention formally convenes on this day in 1787. Automotive On this day in 1994, the ashes of 71-year-old George Swanson are buried (according to Swanson’s request) in the driver’s seat of his 1984 white Corvette in Hempfield County, Pennsylvania. Civil War Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson notches a victory at the First Battle of Winchester, Virginia, as part of his brilliant campaign in the Shenandoah Valley. Cold War A new sign of political liberalization appears in China, when the communist government lifts its decade-old ban on the writings of William Shakespeare. Crime Music
and America 1750-1900 - What Is Neoclassicism? What is Neoclassicism? In all realms Neoclassicism admired order, simplicity, clarity, and reason set in a mood of quiet grandeur. It used classical exempla as guides. It left a plentiful record of observations, reflections, and designs in books, essays and folios. It asserted its intentions in clear, detailed, and often majestic prose. It conveyed in precise and elegant language its theory and practice, its means of thought and execution, and its progress as an idea and institutional force. Neoclassicism constituted a revived interest in classical forms and ideas that saturated European and American intellectual thought, fine arts and politics during the 18th and 19th centuries, replete with conscious efforts to imitate and build on the glory of the ancients. American Neoclassicism was a channel of English interest in Roman antiquity, spurred by the Grand Tour and archaeological discoveries. For more on the impact of classical imagery on American thought For more about Johann Winckelmann
Restoration Literature In a Nutshell The Restoration is a period in literary history full of humor and hanky-panky. Shocking, right? We thought dudes that looked like this would be super-uptight. What set the literature of this period going was—history time! What's more, the theaters—which had been closed for more than a decade by those uptight Puritans who were in power before Charles II was restored to the throne—were reopened during this time. But it wasn't just theater that was important during the Restoration age. The Restoration writers were men and women who liked to let their hair down, so to speak (they were actually wearing their hair under wigs). If you're into comedy—and especially stand-up comedy—then you should definitely care about Restoration literature. Why did the hipster burn her mouth? The theater of the period is where all the comedy happened. People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...
Neoclassicism | arts main referencein the arts, historical tradition or aesthetic attitudes based on the art of Greece and Rome in antiquity. In the context of the tradition, Classicism refers either to the art produced in antiquity or to later art inspired by that of antiquity; Neoclassicism always refers to the art produced later but inspired by antiquity. Thus the terms Classicism and Neoclassicism are often used...architectureThe classicism that flourished in the period 1750–1830 is often known as “Neoclassicism,” in order to distinguish it, perhaps unnecessarily, from the Classical architecture of ancient Rome or of the Renaissance. The search for intellectual and architectural truth characterized the period.
The Restoration Period (1660-1700) | Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO After the Restoration in 1660, when Charles II came to the throne, there was a complete repudiation of the Puritan ideals and way of living. In English literature the period from 1660 to 1700 is called the period of Restoration, because monarchy was restored in , and Charles II, the son of Charles I who had been defeated and beheaded, came back to from his exile in and became the King. It is called the Age of Dryden, because Dryden was the dominating and most representative literary figure of the Age. As the Puritans who were previously controlling the country, and were supervising her literary and moral and social standards, were finally defeated, a reaction was launched against whatever they held sacred. All restraints and discipline were thrown to the winds, and a wave of licentiousness and frivolity swept the country. In the beginning realism took an ugly shape, because the writers painted the real pictures of the corrupt society and court. (a) Restoration Poetry
18th- and 19th-Century France — Neoclassicism Overview The French Revolution began in 1789, when citizens stormed the Bastille prison in Paris. Within a few years, France had adopted and overthrown several constitutions and executed its former king. It found itself at war with most of the Continent and endured horrible violence at home during the Reign of Terror. Finally, in 1799, the successful young general Napoleon Bonaparte seized control and, in 1804, proclaimed himself emperor. With the revolution, French painting resumed its moral and political purpose and embraced the style known as neoclassicism. Neoclassicism triumphed—and became inseparably linked to the revolution—in the work of Jacques-Louis David, a painter who also played an active role in politics. Among the many artists who studied in David's large studio was Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres. Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French, 1780 - 1867, Marcotte d'Argenteuil, 1810, oil on canvas, Samuel H.