Rainforest Animals Rainforest Biomes The tropical rain forest is a forest of tall trees in a region of year-round warmth. An average of 50 to 260 inches (125 to 660 cm.) of rain falls yearly. Rain forests belong to the tropical wet climate group. Rainforests now cover less than 6% of Earth's land surface. A tropical rain forest has more kinds of trees than any other area in the world. About 1/4 of all the medicines we use come from rainforest plants. All tropical rain forests resemble one another in some ways. Despite these differences, each of the three largest rainforests--the American, the African, and the Asian--has a different group of animal and plant species. Layers of the Rainforest There are four very distinct layers of trees in a tropical rain forest. Emergent trees are spaced wide apart, and are 100 to 240 feet tall with umbrella-shaped canopies that grow above the forest. Plant Life Besides these four layers, a shrub/sapling layer receives about 3 % of the light that filters in through the canopies. Animal Life
Tasks Energy Cities' Annual Conference in Bornova (Izmir), Turkey from 1 to 3 June 2016 Mire Leftlake Mire on Dartmoor. The lake is a former quarry. A mire or quagmire, sometimes called a peatland in North America, is a wetland terrain dominated by living, peat-forming plants. For botanists and ecologists the term peatland is technically a more universal term for any terrain dominated by peat to a depth of 30–40 cm (12–16 in), even if it has been completely drained (i.e., a peatland can be dry, but a mire by definition must be wet). Because mires rely on rainwater for moisture, they are usually deficient in both oxygen and phosphorus, though they may vary widely with regard to nitrogen.:p.14 These things mean that mires are a kind of "...living relic... Quagmire The term quagmire is a variant term for a mire, the prefix quag- having been variously written as qua-, quab-, quad-, quake-, qual-, quave-, and quaw- in the 16th and 17th centuries, and afterwards the prefixes bob-, gog-, and wag- having also been used in the same way. References External links
Rainforest Concern Facts For a downloadable booklet of rainforest facts and other materials for use in the classroom, please go to Resources for Schools Tropical rainforests - where and what are they? Tropical rainforests are found across the world between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer, 22.5° North and 22.5° South of the Equator. Almost half of the remaining tropical rainforest is found in tropical America, a bit more than a third in Asia and Oceania, and fifteen percent in Africa. Tropical rainforests cover approximately 8% of the world’s land surface - an area of approximately 1.2 billion hectares - and yet contain over half of the earth’s species of animals and plants. The largest rainforest, the Amazon, is found in South America and spans nine nations (Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname, as well as French Guiana), covering a total area of approximately 600 million hectares. The LAYERS OF THE RAINFOREST
Tropical Rainforest Where are tropical rainforests found? Tropical rainforests are located around the equator where temperatures stay near 80 degrees year round. Rainforests receive 160 to 400 inches (400-1000 cm) of rain each year. The largest rainforests are in Brazil (South America), Zaire (Africa) and Indonesia (South East Asia). Other tropical rainforest places are in Hawaii and the islands of the Pacific & Caribbean. What is the tropical rainforest? The Tropical Rainforest is a forest occurring in tropical areas of heavy rainfall. What is the structure of vegetation in the rainforest? The image above shows a typical cross section in the rainforest. Emergents are the tallest trees and are usually over 50 metres tall. The sea of leaves blocking out the sun from the lower layers is called the canopy. The under canopy mainly contains bare tree trunks and lianas. The shrub layer has the densest plant growth. The forest floor is usually dark and damp. How did the tropical rainforest get like this? Local: Global:
Internships All year long, Energy Cities offers internships for enrolled students. Apart from getting insights into the work of a city network specialised in energy issues, the internship will allow you to meet a creative international staff, to bring in your own fresh ideas, to enjoy our friendly team coffee breaks, and to discover the city you will stay in (Besançon or Brussels). We are looking interns with different fields of competences: Energy, Environment, Economy, Communication, Documentation, etc. Please read the internship conditions and send us your application specifying the topic or project you are interested in. Views of Besançon & Brussels. No offers for the moment Internship conditions Important: Internships offered in Brussels are governed by French law. Contact
Marsh A marsh along the edge of a small river Marsh in shallow water on a lakeshore A marsh is a type of wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species. Marshes can often be found at the edges of lakes and streams, where they form a transition between the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. They are often dominated by grasses, rushes or reeds. If woody plants are present they tend to be low-growing shrubs. This form of vegetation is what differentiates marshes from other types of wetland such as swamps, which are dominated by trees, and bogs, which are wetlands that have accumulated deposits of acidic peat. Basic information Marshes provide habitat for many types of plants and animals that have adapted to living in flooded conditions. The plants must be able to survive in wet mud with low oxygen levels. Types of marshes A salt marsh in Scotland Marshes differ depending mainly on their location and salinity. Salt marshes Wet meadows
NASA: Earth Observatory Temperature 20°C to 25°C, must remain warm and frost-free Precipitation 2,000 to 10,000 millimeters of rain per year Vegetation Vines, palm trees, orchids, ferns Location Between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn Other There are two types of rainforests, tropical and temperate. Example: Campa Pita, Belize Description There are two types of rainforests, tropical and temperate. The tropical rainforest is a hot, moist biome where it rains all year long. Rainforest Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall between 250 and 450 centimetres (98 and 177 in). There are two types of rainforest: tropical rainforest and temperate rainforest. The monsoon trough, alternatively known as the intertropical convergence zone, plays a significant role in creating the climatic conditions necessary for the Earth's tropical rainforests. Tropical Tropical rainforests are characterized by a warm and wet climate. Many of the world's rainforests are associated with the location of the monsoon trough, also known as the intertropical convergence zone. Tropical rainforests are located in the tropics, i.e., in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Temperate Layers A tropical rainforest is typically divided into four main layers, each with different plants and animals adapted for life in that particular area: the emergent, canopy, understorey/understory and forest floor layers. Emergent layer Soils
2016 Temperatures Already Pushing COP21 Limits By Climate Central Coming off of the hottest year on record globally, international leaders met last week in New York to sign the historic Paris Climate Agreement. The agreement endeavors to limit planetary warming by “holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C (3.8°F) above preindustrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C (2.7°F).” However, if the first three months of 2016 are any indication, meeting that challenge will be increasingly difficult. Globally, calculations from both NOAA and NASA indicate that the first three months of 2016 are each more than 1°C above each agency’s baseline average. NOAA uses the 20th century average temperature, and NASA uses the average temperature from 1951-80. Using this method, the NASA/NOAA data indicate that the period of January-March was 1.48°C (2.66°F) above that 1881-1910 baseline. Related Graphics
Waste container Litter bin redirects here. For a place for pet animals to 'go to the toilet' in, see litter box. A waste container is a container for temporarily storing waste, and is usually made out of metal or plastic. Curbside dustbins The curbside dustbins usually consist of three types: trash cans (receptacles often made of tin, steel or plastic), Dumpsters (large receptacles similar to skips) and wheelie bins (light, usually plastic bins that are mobile). In some areas there is also a recycling service, often with one or more dedicated bins intended to receive items that can be recycled into new products. Bins in public areas Certain public areas such as parks have litter bins which are placed alongside paths frequently walked by visitors. Bins in outdoor locations or other busy public areas are usually mounted to the ground or wall. A Danish design company called Peoples ApS, have in cooperation with Swedish based Dynasafe AB, developed a "bombproof" bin suitable for public places.
Rainforest - Reference Rainforests are forests that get a great deal of rain and have extremely diverse wildlife. Rainforests are found in the tropical regions across the Southern Hemisphere, and contain more than 50% of all living species on Earth. Rainforests typically get an average of 1,850mm of rain every year. There are two main types of rainforest habitat, which are the tropical rainforests, and the seasonal rainforests. In fact, the rainforests have a total of 170,000 of the world’s 250,000 known plant species (no less than 68%), according to this infographic about the rainforest. Due to the fact that rainforests all over the world are being cut down, a great amount of effort is now being put into protecting these indigenous tribes by governments, charities and international organisations. The tropical rainforest tends to have various layers of canopy, with the top layer often reaching up to 75 meters in height. There are different animals and plants inhabiting the different rainforest types.