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Which Character Strengths Are Most Predictive of Well-Being? - Beautiful Minds - Scientific American Blog Network

Which Character Strengths Are Most Predictive of Well-Being? - Beautiful Minds - Scientific American Blog Network
In 2004, Christopher Peterson and Martin Seligman came out with Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification. This volume was a significant contribution to psychology, a sort of antidote to the DSM's focus on mental illness, and an important reminder to psychologists that humans aren't only full of illness. Humans also have a lot of character. The book laid out the following 24 character strengths: In his book Flourish, Martin Seligman, the founder of the field of positive psychology (and my boss), argued that the five fundamental elements of well-being are: The main tenet of the field of positive psychology is that the path to well-being lies in nurturing your highest strengths. As it so happens, in a fun collaboration with Spencer Greenberg, Susan Cain and the Quiet Revolution, we collected such data on 517 people ranging from 18-71 years of age (average age = 36) as part of a larger project to create a new scale of introversion. So I did the analysis.

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How the Brain Purges Bad Memories The brain is extraordinarily good at alerting us to threats. Loud noises, noxious smells, approaching predators: they all send electrical impulses buzzing down our sensory neurons, pinging our brain’s fear circuitry and, in some cases, causing us to fight or flee. The brain is also adept at knowing when an initially threatening or startling stimulus turns out to be harmless or resolved. PL 015: The Power of Mirrors – Take A Look At What You Are Missing Podcast: Play in new window | Download In order to change, we need to be able to see what needs to change. However, we cannot see directly into what we most need to change. But we can see this indirectly. How?

100+ Interesting Data Sets for Statistics Summary: Looking for interesting data sets? Here's a list of more than 100 of the best stuff, from dolphin relationships to political campaign donations to death row prisoners. I’m not too fond of the phrase “information age.” It sounds like someone sat down and was like, “Hey, there’s a ton of information today… what should we call it? How about the information age?” First of all, that’s just lazy and, second of all, it doesn’t capture how overwhelming it all is, the sort of angst and helplessness you feel when confronted with… everything.

Depression Isn't Contagious, But a Healthy Mood Is “As everyone knows, depressed people are some of the most boring people in the world,” Mindy Kaling writes in her book Is Everyone Hanging Out Without Me? “I know this because when I was depressed, people fled. Except my best friends.” Brain cells get tweaked 'on the go' Researchers from the MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology (MRC CDN) at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College London, have discovered a new molecular 'switch' that controls the properties of neurons in response to changes in the activity of their neural network. The findings, published in Science, suggest that the 'hardware' in our brain is tuneable and could have implications that go far beyond basic neuroscience -- from informing education policy to developing new therapies for neurological disorders such as epilepsy. Computers are often used as a metaphor for the brain, with logic boards and microprocessors representing neural circuits and neurons, respectively. While this analogy has served neuroscience well in the past, it is far from correct, according to the researchers from King's. Computers are often used as a metaphor for the brain, with logic boards and microprocessors representing neural circuits and neurons, respectively.

What's Your MBTI Personality Type? Enrich Your Life Through Self-Discovery. get elephant's newsletter The first time I heard of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator test (MBTI), it was because my husband had to take this assessment at work. Actually, many work places use this assessment due to its accuracy and easy-testing method. Learning about the personality types of people you work with (or socialize with or live with) can help with productive communication and a general better understanding of those who surround you.

4.2 Model Selection Viewed As Search Understanding the behavior of model selection tools is easiest when the model selection techniques are viewed as search techniques. The search space consists of possible subsets of predictor variables. An evaluation criterion assigns each subset a numerical value, and the goal of the search is to find the subset with the highest numerical value. The only difference between techniques involves the choice of a starting subset and the specification of neighboring subsets in the search space. As an example, Figure 4 illustrates one model selection technique, forward selection, using a connected graph. How To Break Up With Anxiety ... For Good - From my teens through early 20s, I suffered from anxiety, and felt isolated by it. What I didn't know then is that 18% of adults (almost one in five) suffers from anxiety. We just don’t talk about it. The fact that I didn’t feel like I could talk about it also meant I didn’t understand what caused it, or how to fix it. I thought I was just an anxious person by nature. Over time, and through training to become a hypnotherapist, I learned that no one is just doomed to a life of anxiety.

Listen to your heart: Why your brain may give away how well you know yourself "Listen to your heart," sang Swedish pop group Roxette in the late Eighties. But not everyone is able to tune into their heartbeat, according to an international team of researchers -- and half of us under- or over-estimate our ability. In research published today in the journal Cerebral Cortex, a team of scientists led by the University of Cambridge and the Medical Research Council (MRC) Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, studied not only whether volunteers could be trained to follow their heartbeat, but whether it was possible to identify from brain activity how good they were at estimating their performance.

The Nature of the Self: Experimental Philosopher Joshua Knobe on How We Know Who We Are “The fate of the world depends on the Selves of human beings,” pioneering educator Annemarie Roeper wrote in her meditation on how poorly we understand the self. Indeed, while philosophers may argue that the self is a toxic illusion and psychologists may insist that it’s forever changing, we tend to float through life anchored by a firm conviction that the self is our sole constant companion. But when psychologist David DeSteno asks “Can the present you trust the future you?” in his fantastic exploration of the psychology of trust, the question leaves us — at least, leaves me — suddenly paralyzed with the realization that the future self is in many ways fundamentally different from the present self. Our emotions and beliefs and ideals are constantly evolving — Anaïs Nin put it perfectly: “I am a series of moods and sensations.