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Dialectical behavior therapy

Dialectical behavior therapy
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a therapy designed to help people change patterns of behavior that are not effective, such as self-harm, suicidal thinking and substance abuse. This approach works towards helping people increase their emotional and cognitive regulation by learning about the triggers that lead to reactive states and helping to assess which coping skills to apply in the sequence of events, thoughts, feelings and behaviors that lead to the undesired behavior. DBT assumes that people are doing the best that they can, but either are lacking the skills or are influenced by positive or negative reinforcement that interfere with one’s functioning. DBT is a modified form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that was originally [timeframe?] Overview[edit] Linehan observed "burn-out" in therapists after coping with "non-motivated" patients who repudiated cooperation in successful treatment. All DBT can be said to involve two components: Four modules[edit] Mindfulness[edit] Observe Related:  DepersonalisationDevelopment of Cognitive Behavioral theorySecular Bible

Depersonalization disorder Depersonalization disorder (DPD) is a mental disorder in which the sufferer is affected by persistent or recurrent feelings of depersonalization and/or derealization. In the DSM-IV-TR it is classified as a dissociative disorder, while in the ICD-10 it is called depersonalization-derealization syndrome and is classified as an independent neurotic disorder.[1] Common descriptions of symptoms from sufferers include feeling disconnected from one's physicality or body, feeling detached from one's own thoughts or emotions, and a sense of feeling as if one is dreaming or in a dreamlike state. Depersonalization disorder is thought to be caused largely by severe traumatic lifetime events, including childhood abuse, accidents, natural disasters, war, torture, panic attacks and bad drug experiences. While depersonalization disorder was once considered rare, lifetime experiences with the disorder are common in approximately 1%–2% of the general populace. Symptoms[edit] Assessment[edit] ICD-10[edit]

Marsha M. Linehan Linehan is a Professor of Psychology, Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Washington in Seattle and Director of the Behavioral Research and Therapy Clinics.[1] Her primary research is in borderline personality disorder, the application of behavioral models to suicidal behaviors, and drug abuse. Early life and education[edit] Linehan was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma. In March 1961 she was diagnosed with schizophrenia at the Institute of Living in Hartford, Connecticut where she was an inpatient. Linehan was subjected to electroconvulsive therapy, seclusion, as well as Thorazine and Librium as treatment.[2] She has said that she feels that she actually had borderline personality disorder.[3] In a 2011 interview with the The New York Times, Linehan said that she "does not remember" taking any psychiatric medication after leaving the Institute of Living when she was 18 years old.[4] Career[edit] Honors and awards[edit] Publications[edit] Personal life[edit]

Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT has been demonstrated to be effective for the treatment of a variety of conditions, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse, tic, and psychotic disorders. Many CBT treatment programs for specific disorders have been evaluated for efficacy; the health-care trend of evidence-based treatment, where specific treatments for symptom-based diagnoses are recommended, has favored CBT over other approaches such as psychodynamic treatments.[3] However, other researchers have questioned the validity of such claims to superiority over other treatments.[4][5] History[edit] Philosophical roots[edit] Precursors of certain fundamental aspects of CBT have been identified in various ancient philosophical traditions, particularly Stoicism.[6] For example, Aaron T. Behavior therapy roots[edit] At the same time this of Eysenck's work, B.F. The emphasis on behavioral factors constituted the "first wave" of CBT.[15] Cognitive therapy roots[edit] Behavior and Cognitive Therapies Merge[edit]

Acceptance and commitment therapy Noam Shpancer describes acceptance and commitment therapy as getting to know unpleasant feelings, then learning not to act upon them, and to not avoid situations where they are invoked. Its therapeutic effect is according to him a positive spiral where feeling better leads to a better understanding of the truth.[6] Basics[edit] ACT is developed within a pragmatic philosophy called functional contextualism. ACT is based on relational frame theory (RFT), a comprehensive theory of language and cognition that is an offshoot of behavior analysis. ACT differs from traditional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in that rather than trying to teach people to better control their thoughts, feelings, sensations, memories and other private events, ACT teaches them to "just notice," accept, and embrace their private events, especially previously unwanted ones. Fusion with your thoughtsEvaluation of experienceAvoidance of your experienceReason-giving for your behavior Core principles[edit] Evidence[edit]

Mindfulness (psychology) Mindfulness as a psychological concept is the focusing of attention and awareness, based on the concept of mindfulness in Buddhist meditation.[1] It has been popularised in the West by Jon Kabat-Zinn.[2] Despite its roots in Buddhism, mindfulness is often taught independently of religion.[3][4] Clinical psychology and psychiatry since the 1970s have developed a number of therapeutic applications based on mindfulness for helping people suffering from a variety of psychological conditions.[5] Several definitions of mindfulness have been used in modern psychology. According to various prominent psychological definitions, Mindfulness refers to a psychological quality that involves bringing one’s complete attention to the present experience on a moment-to-moment basis,[6] or involves paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally,[6] Bishop, Lau, and colleagues (2004)[8] offered a two-component model of mindfulness:

Rational living therapy Rational Living Therapy (RLT) is a form of Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) developed by Aldo R. Pucci, Psy.D., DCBT the current president of the National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists and founder of the Rational Living Therapy Institute. RLT utilizes elements of Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, and Cognitive Therapy in a systematic approach in which the therapy progresses through a series of set points. RLT is a motivational therapy which utilizes Rational Motivational Interviewing techniques to help the client effect positive change. It utilizes empirical research in the areas of linguistics, cognitive development, learning theory, general semantics, neuro functioning, social psychology and perception, and linguistics. Rational Living therapy avoids diagnosing clients according to the criteria set forth in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders. See also[edit] Rational emotive behavior therapy References[edit]

5 Steps to Getting Unstuck and Pursuing Your Goals Jordan English Gross is the Founder/COO of Saber Seven, a new media company developing sites like Dorthy.com connecting people with content. He blogs at blog.dorthy.com and can be reached using @jordanenglish. Mashable is no stranger to the hundreds of Getting Things Done (GTD) services out there, each one more helpful than the next in keeping your to-do lists handy and tidy. It's all too easy to get stuck in the list-making stage. Step 1: Think About the Big Picture Instead of getting bogged down in all the little tasks and keywords, try to get a real sense of what exactly it is you want to achieve. Thinking about the big picture will free you to focus on doing exactly the things that need to get done in order to attain you primary objective, rather than getting overwhelmed by the small stuff. Step 2: Use Search to Focus Your Goals Search and discovery is a key step throughout the achievement process because it provides focus to your interests as they evolve. Step 3: Organize Your Results

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing EMDR therapy is as effective as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in chronic PTSD.[4][5] However, after decades of research, controversy persists as to whether the novel eye movement element is an active ingredient in improved patient outcomes.[citation needed] The goal of EMDR is to reduce the long-lasting effects of distressing memories by engaging the brain's natural adaptive information processing mechanisms, thereby relieving present symptoms. The therapy uses an eight-phase approach that includes having the patient recall distressing images while receiving one of several types of bilateral sensory input, such as side to side eye movements.[6] EMDR was originally developed to treat adults with PTSD; however, it is also used to treat trauma and PTSD in children and adolescents.[7] Medical uses[edit] Position statements[edit] Other applications[edit] Children[edit] Mechanism[edit] History[edit] Society and culture[edit] Training[edit] Debate[edit] References[edit]

Buteyko method Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko The Buteyko method or Buteyko Breathing Technique is a form of complementary or alternative physical therapy that proposes the use of breathing exercises as a treatment for asthma as well as other conditions. The method takes its name from Ukrainian doctor Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko, who first formulated its principles during the 1950s. This method is based on the assumption that numerous medical conditions, including asthma, are caused by chronically increased respiratory rate or deeper breathing (hyperventilation). However, this theory is not widely supported in the medical community due to the lack of evidence supporting either the theory behind the method or that it works in practice. Research into the use of the Buteyko method has focused almost exclusively on the treatment of asthma, and have had methodological problems. History[edit] Theory[edit] Description[edit] Nasal breathing[edit] Reduced breathing exercises[edit] Relaxation[edit] Effectiveness[edit]

Orval Hobart Mowrer Orval Hobart Mowrer (January 23, 1907 – June 20, 1982) was an American born psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Illinois from 1948 to 1975 known for his research on behaviour therapy. Mowrer practiced psychotherapy in Champaign-Urbana and at Galesburg State Research Hospital. In 1954 Mowrer held the position of president of the American Psychological Association.[1] Mowrer founded Integrity Groups (therapeutic community groups based on principles of honesty, responsibility, and emotional involvement)[2] and was instrumental in establishing GROW groups in the United States.[3] Early life and education[edit] Mowrer spent his early years on the family farm near Unionville, Missouri. In his senior year, as a project for a sociology course, Mowrer composed a questionnaire to investigate sexual attitudes among students. Some of the students sent the questionnaires on to their parents, who complained to the administration. Yale, then Harvard[edit] War work[edit]

truth | Aria E. Appleford I happen to disagree with this statement. This is not a criticism on the people who posted the poster from Facebook – Changeyourthoughtstoday, or whoever made the poster, or even Iyanla Vanzant. It is a criticism of what the quote is saying. There is a reason why people can react so viscerally to statements like this, that are most often found with religions. It suggests that we alone are responsible for everything that happens to us. It suggests that if we are not successful or happy, that we alone are to blame and that people who are successful and happy are better people. It does not allow for natural disasters, tragedies, accidents or crime. It destroys people’s lives and does not empower them, but rather completely defeats them. There are plenty of people who are criminals who live lives of privilege and never suffer any tragedy in this life. Be careful when you grab hold of all the happy, seemingly positive sayings that are out there.

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