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Descartes, Rene [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

René Descartes is often credited with being the “Father of Modern Philosophy.” This title is justified due both to his break with the traditional Scholastic-Aristotelian philosophy prevalent at his time and to his development and promotion of the new, mechanistic sciences. His fundamental break with Scholastic philosophy was twofold. First, Descartes thought that the Scholastics’ method was prone to doubt given their reliance on sensation as the source for all knowledge. Second, he wanted to replace their final causal model of scientific explanation with the more modern, mechanistic model. Descartes attempted to address the former issue via his method of doubt. Once this conclusion is reached, Descartes can proceed to rebuild his system of previously dubious beliefs on this absolutely certain foundation. Table of Contents 1. René Descartes was born to Joachim Descartes and Jeanne Brochard on March 31, 1596 in La Haye, France near Tours. Little is known of Descartes’ life from 1614-1618.

Related:  History of Philosophy, Definitions, ConceptsDescartes, Renéstarriemeg

George Berkeley 1. Life and philosophical works Berkeley was born in 1685 near Kilkenny, Ireland. After several years of schooling at Kilkenny College, he entered Trinity College, in Dublin, at age 15. He was made a fellow of Trinity College in 1707 (three years after graduating) and was ordained in the Anglican Church shortly thereafter. At Trinity, where the curriculum was notably modern, Berkeley encountered the new science and philosophy of the late seventeenth century, which was characterized by hostility towards Aristotelianism.

René Descartes 1. Intellectual Biography 1.1 Early life and education United Planet Volunteer Abroad Alumni Whether you have volunteered in another country for a week or a year, you have created a positive change in the lives of others -- as well as in your own life. The positive changes don’t stop once you have returned home. As a United Planet volunteer, you are a valuable member of our community, and we're here to support you with your future endeavors. It is people like you, who are committed to volunteering and cultural learning, who bring us one step closer to fulfilling our mission. We hope you will stay connected with United Planet, and take advantage of our resources. Apply for a Campus Outreach Internship!

Logic and Ontology 1. Introduction Both logic and ontology are important areas of philosophy covering large, diverse, and active research projects. These two areas overlap from time to time and problems or questions arise that concern both. This survey article is intended to discuss some of these areas of overlap. In particular, there is no single philosophical problem of the intersection of logic and ontology. René Descartes - French Philosopher and Scientist René Descartes (1596–1650) René Descartes was born in a village near Tours in France in 1596. At the age of eight years he entered the Jesuit college La Flèche in Anjou, where he would study classics, logic, and Aristotelian philosophy, as well as mathematics from the books of Clavius. On account of his fragile health he was allowed the privilege of sleeping until 11 o'clock every morning, a habit he kept for his entire life.

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A Philosophy Podcast and Blog As the annals of history have it, in the sixth century Emperor Justinian had all the schools of philosophy that competed with Christianity finally closed. This was the last we heard of the Epicurean School, whose tradition had remained culturally vibrant for seven centuries. Epicurus had been among the first to propose the atom (2,300 years ago), the social contract as a foundation for the rule of law, and the possibility of an empirical process of pursuit of happiness: a science of happiness. These progressive schools were oases of tranquility, reason and pleasure known as Gardens, where the ideals of civilized friendship flourished and men, women, and even slaves engaged in philosophical discourse as equals. If any set of doctrines can be considered the foundation of the Epicurean philosophy, it would be the Tetrapharmakon: The Four Remedies. For didactic purposes, the teachings were imparted in the form of short, easy to memorize adages.

René Descartes Museum Site officiel de la Ville de Descartes - Indre-et-Loire (37) - FRANCE René Descartes Museum René Descartes was born in the Haye-en-Touraine on March 31st, 1596 and he was baptized on April 3rd, 1596 in the church of Saint Georges. His original house, has masonry dating partly from the 16th century, was transformed into museum in 1974. This simple, clear and accessible exposure is completely devoted to the famous father of modern philosophy.

The 29 Healthiest Foods on the Planet Fruits 01. Apricots The Power: Beta-carotene, which helps prevent free-radical damage and protect the eyes. The body also turns beta-carotene into vitamin A, which may help ward off some cancers, especially of the skin. One apricot has 17 calories, 0 fat, 1 gram of fiber. Schools of Thought Timeline of Schools of Thought Rationalism Structuralism Functionalism Behaviorism Psychoanalysis Rationalism This school of thought takes on various philosophical positions that rely on the function of reason when searching for truth. René Descartes - Biography - Academic, Philosopher, Mathematician, Scientist Philosopher and mathematician René Descartes is regarded as the father of modern philosophy for defining a starting point for existence, “I think; therefore I am.” Synopsis René Descartes was born on March 31, 1596, in La Haye, France. He was extensively educated, first at a Jesuit college at age 8, then earning a law degree at 22, but an influential teacher set him on a course to apply mathematics and logic to understanding the natural world. This approach incorporated the contemplation of the nature of existence and of knowledge itself, hence his most famous observation, “I think; therefore I am.”