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The Journal of Neuroscience Online

The Journal of Neuroscience Online
Cellular/Molecular The stereocilia on auditory hair cells are arranged by height. Sound-induced vibration of the basilar membrane deflects the stereocilia in the direction ... Development/Plasticity/Repair Researchers have identified >20 types of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) that process different types of visual information. Although most RGCs contribute ...

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Wellcome Trust report reviews two decades of human functional brain imaging 6 September 2011 Twenty years after the publication of the first human study using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)* - a technique to measure activity in the brain through the flow of blood - the Wellcome Trust has published a report providing reflections on the field of human functional brain imaging. The Wellcome Trust report assesses the key developments in human functional brain imaging and examines the role it has played as a funder. Supporting neuroscience research has been a cornerstone of the Trust's funding strategy: the first grant it ever awarded was in neuroscience in 1938, to Nobel laureate Dr Otto Loewi. A Computational Model of Implicit Memory Captures Dyslexics' Perceptual Deficits Introduction The controversy surrounding the deficits underlying dyslexics' difficulties is still unresolved. The prevailing theory claims that dyslexics' phonological representations, whose adequacy is crucial for efficient usage of the alphabetical code, are impaired (Snowling, 2000). However, dyslexics perform well on some tasks that rely on adequate phonological representations (for review, see: Ramus and Ahissar, 2012).

Academic publishing Academic publishing describes the subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship. Most academic work is published in journal article, book or thesis form. The part of academic written output that is not formally published but merely printed up or posted on the Internet is often called "grey literature". Most scientific and scholarly journals, and many academic and scholarly books, though not all, are based on some form of peer review or editorial refereeing to qualify texts for publication. Peer review quality and selectivity standards vary greatly from journal to journal, publisher to publisher, and field to field.

What DON'T we know about the brain? Vast amounts, whole oceans and skies worth Every so often something comes in one of my Google alerts about how much we do not know about the brain. Those articles and posts make me smile as they are excellent reminders to stay away from brain statements, schemes, and stories that are overreaching or even fantasy extrapolations. No matter how many of these pieces appear that describe our paucity of knowledge, we still see many more articles purporting to tell us how our brains behave and often how to use that information to change other people or ourselves. Of course, what we know so far about the brain can be very helpful in changing and creating habits, and in communicating with others. But we don't know as much as many would have you believe. I remind myself frequently to be discerning when reading and hearing about the brain, investigate the sources, follow and appreciate experts I trust.

Field Guide to X-ray Astronomy Chemistry and the Universe Chemistry, the study of the intricate dances and bondings of low-energy electrons to form the molecules that make up the world we live in, may seem far removed from the thermonuclear heat in the interiors of stars and the awesome power of supernovas. Yet, there is a fundamental connection between them. To illustrate this connection, the familiar periodic table of elements—found in virtually every chemistry class—has been adapted to show how astronomers see the chemical Universe. What leaps out of this table is that the simplest elements, hydrogen and helium, are far and away the most abundant.

Genetic Variants of FOXP2 and KIAA0319/TTRAP/THEM2 Locus Are Associated with Altered Brain Activation in Distinct Language-Related Regions Introduction Human language is under strong genetic influence, as indicated by familial studies of clinical populations affected by language impairment (LI) or by reading disability (dyslexia) (Pennington et al., 1991; DeFries, 1996; Stromswold, 2001). A candidate gene for LI was first evidenced in members of the KE family affected by a missense mutation in FOXP2 gene (chromosome 7q31) that disrupts the DNA-binding site of the protein (Lai et al., 2001). They exhibited severe speech and language deficits as well as orofacial dyspraxia (Vargha-Khadem et al., 1995).

APA Formatting and Style Guide Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

mcgovern-institute-roger-nicoll-scolnick.html#.T1nNPoCdevA The McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT announced today that Roger Nicoll of the University of California, San Francisco, is the winner of the 2012 Edward M. Scolnick Prize in Neuroscience. The Prize is awarded annually by the McGovern Institute to recognize outstanding advances in the field of neuroscience. “We congratulate Roger Nicoll on being selected for this award,” said Robert Desimone, director of the McGovern Institute and chair of the selection committee. “It’s difficult to think of anyone who has done more to advance our understanding of synaptic plasticity, the basis of learning and memory.”

The Artist Section Deformities in North American Amphibians In 1995, a group of Minnesota school children on a biology field trip were shocked by finding dozens of misshapen Northern Leopard frogs, Rana pipiens. This highly publicized incident led to an international media frenzy!

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