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Knowledge Cartography

Knowledge Cartography

Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve - Mapping Coastal Resources at Glacier Bay Introduction The 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS) demonstrated that accurate baseline information about existing coastal resources is crucial to managing the response, cleanup, and restoration of a major environmental disaster. One of the most important lessons that emerged from the EVOS experience is that an ongoing resources inventory and monitoring program is an absolute necessity for preparing ourselves for such "unscheduled events" as well as for general resource protection. Other activities taking place in coastal areas may also have effects on the environment that are less spectacular than a major spill but just as profound in the long run. Managers must understand what resources exist in a given area as well as their ranges of natural variation (both spatial and temporal) if they are to protect them from human-caused change. A coastal resources inventory is one basic component of any program to protect Alaska's miles of pristine coastline. Field Work Data Processing Conclusion

Actor–network theory Broadly speaking, ANT is a constructivist approach in that it avoids essentialist explanations of events or innovations (e.g. explaining a successful theory by understanding the combinations and interactions of elements that make it successful, rather than saying it is “true” and the others are “false”). However, it is distinguished from many other STS and sociological network theories for its distinct material-semiotic approach. Background and context[edit] ANT appears to reflect many of the preoccupations of French post-structuralism, and in particular a concern with non-foundational and multiple material-semiotic relations. At the same time, it was much more firmly embedded in English-language academic traditions than most post-structuralist-influenced approaches. Its grounding in (predominantly English) science and technology studies was reflected in an intense commitment to the development of theory through qualitative empirical case-studies. A material-semiotic method[edit]

Kalakriti Archives: Rare maps reveal how India's cartography evolved over centuries In the 1580s, the adventurous son of a Dutch innkeeper found himself on a ship sailing from Lisbon to India. Newly employed by the archbishop of Goa, Jan Huygen van Linschoten was headed to the capital of the Estado da India Portuguesa—the Portuguese State of India—from where the European power almost completely controlled trade with the subcontinent. Decades after Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route to the subcontinent, the Portuguese colonial empire kept its navigation intelligence a national secret and reaped the rewards, leaving the British and the Dutch desperate to learn how to traverse the long and treacherous journey themselves. As an assistant to the archbishop, van Linschoten spent five years in Goa, learning all about its inhabitants, culture, and local life, besides the structure of the Portuguese empire and how it controlled the region. Published in 1596, the book was an instant best-seller and was soon translated into English. A dying art Plan of Pondichéry (1741)

Cartography Cartography (from Greek χάρτης khartēs, "map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps. Combining science, aesthetics, and technique, cartography builds on the premise that reality can be modeled in ways that communicate spatial information effectively. The fundamental problems of traditional cartography are to:[citation needed] Set the map's agenda and select traits of the object to be mapped. This is the concern of map editing. Modern cartography is largely integrated with geographic information science (GIScience) and constitutes many theoretical and practical foundations of geographic information systems. History[edit] The earliest known map is a matter of some debate, both because the definition of "map" is not sharp and because some artifacts speculated to be maps might actually be something else. Mappa mundi are the Medieval European maps of the world. The Arab geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi produced his medieval atlas Tabula Rogeriana in 1154.

blog: Empowering Social Influence With Mark Granovetter Hearing the phrase "Social Networking" immediately brings to mind applications such as Facebook, MySpace, and LinkedIn. Depending on where in the world you're reading this post you may identify with a slightly different set of social networks - Friendster is still alive and now hugely popular in Asia, as well as Hi5, Bebo, Orkut, and Mixi (Japan's biggest social network). The diversity of social networks has a rich history that encompasses some of the best Use Cases of what to do, and what not to do when building successful online communities. Each network began their approach to building their online communities from slightly different directions - specific regional or cultural communities (Mixi), common social (MySpace), collegiate social (Facebook), professional social (LinkedIn), sub-networks (Ning) etc. Over the years many of them have expanded to overlap each other to some degree. But VCs and investors are all still asking the same questions. Enter Social Influence: Empowerment

Interactive: When Do Americans Leave For Work? JavaScript required for interaction.<br /><img src=" In a continued dig into commute data from the American Community Survey (We already saw mode of transportation.), the map above shows when people leave home for work. Do we get anything interesting even though it's just one facet of the commute to work? As you'd expect, many commuters leave home between 7:00am and 8:00am. This surprised me. In contrast, commuters are more spread out between 7:00am and 8:30am in other areas. Still, fairly normal. Look at commuting rates during the late night and early morning hours. LaGrange county in Indiana, known for its large Amish population, also has many leave for work during the midnight to 4:59am time slot. There are early-risers everywhere but only a handful of counties where most leave between 6:00am and 6:29am.

Antique Maps, Old maps, Vintage Maps, Antique Atlases, Old Atlases It’s a Small World After All | Introduction to Digital Media The reading for this week, Linked by Albert-Laszlo Barabasi, began to outline the concept of networks by highlighting several network theories. The idea of networks first originated with a Swiss mathematician named Euler. He lived near a town named Konigsberg which had seven bridges. The people of the town had always tried to cross all the bridges only once, but Euler offered a proof that it was impossible to cross the seven bridges of Konigsberg without crossing one more than once by laying out vertices at common points. This graph theory spurred several theories about the structure of networks: 1. 2. 3. Which graph theory are you more inclined to believe? Another interesting point brought up in the reading is the idea of 6 degrees of separation. 1. 2. 3. 4. Voila! This idea of 6 degrees of separation also carries over to one of the biggest networks in the world; the world wide web. This whole idea of degrees of separation reminded me a lot of Tylan’s posting: Like this: Like Loading...

L'opéra au cinéma : vers une démocratisation du « bel canto » / Musiques - Concerts Les initiatives des salles de cinéma Pathé live : le Metropolitan Opera de New York en direct Depuis 2008, Pathé Live (anciennement Ciel ecran) diffuse en direct les opéras du Metropolitan Opera de New York (MET) par satellite. Elle retransmet les oeuvres dans plus de 100 salles en France (cinémas mais aussi scènes nationales et municipales). Cette programmation, même si elle reste minoritaire par rapport à celle des films, rencontre une réelle curiosité et un succès certain. Par exemple, La Traviata de Verdi avec Nathalie Dessay, donnée au MET et diffusée le 14 avril dernier a rassemblé le même soir 34 000 spectateurs. Viva l'opéra ! En province et dans les cinémas indépendants Le réseau CGR propose la rediffusion en direct et en différé des opéras du Royal Opera House de Londres. Du côté des cinémas indépendants, quelques belles initiatives qui valent le détour, dans une ambiance plus intime. Voir aussi la programmation de MK2 :