Fighting for Trash Free Seas People know that trash in the water: compromises the health of humans, wildlife and the livelihoods that depend on a healthy ocean;threatens tourism and recreation, and the critical dollars they add to our local economies;complicates shipping and transportation by causing navigation hazards; andgenerates steep bills for retrieval and removal. Unfortunately, what we see dirtying beaches and floating on the ocean’s surface is just the tip of the iceberg. Much more lies unseen beneath the surface and far away on the open water — but that doesn’t make it any less important. That’s why Ocean Conservancy is taking bold action, working to stop the flow of trash at the source, before it has a chance to reach the water to choke and entangle dolphins or endanger sea turtles, or ruin our beaches and depress our local economies. We need your help to keep millions of pounds of trash from our oceans - your everyday choices can help keep it clean. A Movement for Trash Free Seas
Easter Island Located in the Pacific Ocean at 27 degrees south of the equator and some 2200 miles (3600 kilometers) off the coast of Chile, Easter Island is considered to be the world's most remote inhabited island. Easter Island by Martin Gray One of the world's most famous yet least visited archaeological sites, Easter Island is a small, hilly, now treeless island of volcanic origin. Located in the Pacific Ocean at 27 degrees south of the equator and some 2200 miles (3600 kilometers) off the coast of Chile, it is considered to be the world's most remote inhabited island. Photo © by Martin Gray The Moai statues of Rapa Nui. In the early 1950s, the Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl (famous for his Kon-Tiki and Ra raft voyages across the oceans) popularized the idea that the island had been originally settled by advanced societies of Indians from the coast of South America. The Moai statues, Easter Island Photos © by Martin Gray ©1983-2005 Martin Gray, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Other Articles by Martin Gray
10 Things You Can Do to Save the Ocean -- National Geographic 1. Mind Your Carbon Footprint and Reduce Energy Consumption Reduce the effects of climate change on the ocean by leaving the car at home when you can and being conscious of your energy use at home and work. A few things you can do to get started today: Switch to compact fluorescent light bulbs, take the stairs, and bundle up or use a fan to avoid oversetting your thermostat. 2. Global fish populations are rapidly being depleted due to demand, loss of habitat, and unsustainable fishing practices. 3. Plastics that end up as ocean debris contribute to habitat destruction and entangle and kill tens of thousands of marine animals each year. 4. Whether you enjoy diving, surfing, or relaxing on the beach, always clean up after yourself. 5. Certain products contribute to the harming of fragile coral reefs and marine populations. 6. Read pet food labels and consider seafood sustainability when choosing a diet for your pet. 7. 8. 9. 10.
China's super-rich: Zhu Gongshan 5 July 2011Last updated at 19:00 ET By Nick Rosen Author and film-maker Zhu Gongshan's company GCL-Poly is now China's largest producer of polysilicon, the main material in solar panels There is little information in the public domain about energy company boss Zhu Gongshan - and one gets the impression he prefers it that way. While other billionaires invited me to their offices or even their homes, Zhu preferred to talk in a hotel suite hired solely for the occasion. Zhu, 53, is one of the Party Traditionalists, and is not secretive so much as modest - a trait much prized among a certain type of successful businessman in China today. His company GCL-Poly is now China's largest producer of polysilicon, the main material in solar panels, yet despite his $2 billion (£1.24 billion) fortune Zhu seemed uninterested in the luxury brands which motivate so many of the newly-successful Chinese. The watch he was wearing was a humble Citizen. 'Trusted position' Energy generator
How You Can Help the Ocean The threats faced by our ocean planet may seem overwhelming. In the face of pollution, climate change, overfishing, and other daunting problems, what you can do on your own may seem like a drop in the bucket. But if we begin working together now, we can make a huge difference. Here are some ways to get started: A beach clean-up in Malaysia brings young people together to care for their coastline. Credit: Liew Shan Sern/Marine Photobank Make the ConnectionThe first step in making a difference is learning about the ocean and how your actions have an impact. Flickr User fatedsnowfox Be Water Wise All water on Earth is connected. • In the yard: Use as little fertilizer as possible. • On the table: Look for fruits and vegetables that are grown without pesticides (and don't spray them in your own garden). • In the house: Choose non-toxic cleaning products and low-phosphate detergents. Cristina Castillo / Smithsonian Institution Trim Down Trash Remember that trash we "throw away" doesn't disappear.
Biofuels From Algae, Wood Chips Are Approved for Use by Passenger Airlines Airlines won the backing of a U.S.- based technical-standards group to power their planes with a blend of traditional fuel and biofuel from inedible plants, the Air Transport Association said today. Fuel processed from organic waste or non-food materials, such as algae or wood chips, may comprise as much as 50 percent of the total fuel burned to power passenger flights, ATA spokesman Steve Lott and a Boeing Co. (BA) official told Bloomberg. “The real winners of this type of regulatory breakthrough will be technology companies involved in the production of aviation biofuels,” said Harry Boyle, an analyst at Bloomberg New Energy Finance in London. Other biofuels companies that may benefit from opening up the $139 billion-a-year aviation fuel market are Neste Oil Oyj (NES1V) of Finland, Spain’s Abengoa SA and Honeywell International Inc. Officials from Neste, Abengoa weren’t available for comment. Carbon-Neutral General Electric Honeywell, Indian Oil
Local Recycling Centers and Recycling Information and Statistics. Learn How to Recycle and Live Green - RecyclingCenters.org CBI calls for end to delays on renewable energy | Environment CBI says business want to get on with low-carbon projects but is hampered by policy uncertainties. Photograph Mark Mitchell/Reuters Business leaders are to accuse ministers of failing to lay the groundwork fast enough for the raft of urgently needed low-carbon energy projects that are vital if Britain is to plug the widening gap between its energy requirements and its fast dwindling sources of power. The CBI employers' group is urging the government to set out long-term, business-friendly guidelines that will give companies the confidence to invest in green energy infrastructure projects. About a third of the UK's energy supply is scheduled to dry up over the next 10 years and the government has pledged to fill the gap in large part with low-carbon energy sources. Katja Hall, chief policy director for the CBI, said: "We need the government to set a clear direction of travel and to stick to it.
Oceans of Trash Kids picking up trash on a beach. (Photo: Randy Faris/Corbis) Litter isn't just a problem in local parks and on sidewalks. It's also threatening the health of the Earth's oceans. According a report released earlier this month by the United Nations (UN), our oceans are filling up with trash. The garbage gets into the oceans when people litter. Trash also gets thrown into rivers that flow into oceans. The biggest concern about ocean trash is that most of it is plastic. Plastic can take up to 1,000 years to biodegrade, or break down into smaller parts, once it's thrown away. Danger to All People rarely see these garbage patches because they are created in areas of the ocean far away from land. Plastic and other junk that ends up in the ocean can wash up on beaches. Humans can be affected by beach trash as well. Plastic can be deadly for animals that live in the ocean. How to Help Without urgent action, the UN says in its report, the ocean trash problem will only get worse.
Using waste heat to fill the bath: desalination in Abu Dhabi Last week, we covered one of the talks from a great session on using waste as a resource that took place at the annual meeting of the American Association of the Advancement of Science (AAAS). That one was about using farmyard byproducts to generate biogas, but it wasn't the only example of increasing energy efficiency through capturing waste. David Scott gave a presentation on how Abu Dhabi is meeting its fresh water needs using waste heat from power generation, and it's a strategy that might come in handy here in the US in the not-too-distant future. One of the Gulf states, Abu Dhabi has lots of natural gas and plenty of spare heat, with some of the hottest temperatures recorded on our planet during their summer. As a result, the thermal efficiency of its gas turbine plants, even when run on a combined cycle (where waste heat powers a secondary steam generator) is only about 41 percent, compared to up to 60 percent in more temperate climates. So far, not so good.
Plastics in the Ocean Affecting Human Health Author: Gianna Andrews This case study is part of a collection of pages developed by students in the 2012 introductory-level Geology and Human Health course in the Department of Earth Sciences, Montana State University. Learn more about this project. Mountain of Plastic. Photo credit: Top News, "Scientists Baffled by Mystery of Missing Ocean Plastic", Jamie Williamson, Over a few decades, humans have managed to dump tons upon tons of garbage into the ocean. The Three Plastic Islands The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, also know as the Pacific Trash Vortex or gyre, is located in the central North Pacific Ocean and is larger than the state of Texas. Plastics are transported and converge in the ocean where currents meet. Location of Plastic Islands in Ocean. Sources of Plastic Toxins Entering the Oceanic Food Chain Chemicals in plastics are released into the water as well as the atmosphere. Recycle! Related Links 1.
Hauling manure from the farmyard to the power plant Meeting the 21st century's energy needs is a frequent topic at the annual meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). In the past we've covered many sessions on a range of topics from solar to nuclear and beyond. One thing is quite evident at this point: there will be no single replacement for our current dependence on coal, gas, and oil. Yes, that's right, manure. As Dr. Now UC Davis is making use of up to eight tons of agricultural byproducts, leftover food, and biomass from municipal waste (think paper and cardboard) a day to generate as much 1200 kW hours/day. Local power generation ought to be part of our future energy plans. Sadly, here in the US, there are only about 100 such bioreactors, thanks to huge regulatory and legislative barriers that vary from state to state and municipality to municipality.
Study: Plastic in 'Great Pacific Garbage Patch' increases 100-fold Mario Aguilera / Scripps Institution of Oceanography SEAPLEX researchers encounter a large ghost net with tangled rope, net, plastic, and various biological organisms during a 2009 expedition in the Pacific gyre. Matt Durham (seen wearing a blue shirt) is pictured with Miriam Goldstein. By Ian Johnston, msnbc.com The amount of plastic trash in the "Great Pacific Garbage Patch" has increased 100-fold during the past 40 years, causing "profound" changes to the marine environment, according to a new study. Scientists from Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego found that insects called "sea skaters" or "water striders" were using the trash as a place to lay their eggs in greater numbers than before. In a paper published by the journal Biology Letters, researchers said this would have implications for other animals, the sea skaters' predators -- which include crabs -- and their food, which is mainly plankton and fish eggs. Jim Leichter / Scripps Institution of Oceanogra