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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece - History, mythology, art, war, culture, society, and architecture. History: Ancient Greece for Kids Ancient Greece was a civilization that dominated much of the Mediterranean thousands of years ago. At its peak under Alexander the Great, Ancient Greece ruled much of Europe and Western Asia. The Greeks came before the Romans and much of the Roman culture was influenced by the Greeks. Ancient Greece formed the foundation of much of Western culture today. The Acropolis of Athens by Salonica84 Periods Historians often divide up the history of Ancient Greece into three periods: Archaic Period - This period ran from the start of Greek civilization in 800 BC to the introduction of Democracy in 508 BC. Athens and Sparta were the two main city states that ruled much of ancient Greece. Fun Facts about Ancient Greece The Greeks often ate dinner while lying on their sides. Back to History for Kids

Facts about Ancient Greece for Kids The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4,000 years ago. The Ancient Greeks lived in Greece and the countries that we now call Bulgaria and Turkey. The Ancient Greece empire spread over Europe as far as France in the East. The ancient Greeks developed new ideas for government, science, philosophy, religion, and art. Ancient Greece was split into many different states, each one was ruled in its own way. - (How Ancient Greece influenced modern day culture.) The influence of the Ancient Greeks are still felt by us today. Trial by Jury Greek Myths Democracy The word 'democracy' is Greek.

Rome Reborn Mission Rome Reborn is an international initiative whose goal is the creation of 3D digital models illustrating the urban development of ancient Rome from the first settlement in the late Bronze Age (ca. 1000 B.C.) to the depopulation of the city in the early Middle Ages (ca. A.D. 550). With the advice of an international Scientific Advisory Committee, the leaders of the project decided that A.D. 320 was the best moment in time to begin the work of modeling. At that time, Rome had reached the peak of its population, and major Christian churches were just beginning to be built. After this date, few new civic buildings were built. History Purpose of the 3D model The primary purpose of this phase of the project was to spatialize and present information and theories about how the city looked at this moment in time, which was more or less the height of its development as the capital of the Roman Empire. Constituent parts of the model The name Version number Dissemination of Rome Reborn Licensing

Food in Ancient Greece The Greek diet consisted of foods that were easily raised in the rocky terrain of Greece’s landscape. Breakfast was eaten just after sunrise and consisted of bread dipped in wine. Lunch was again bread dipped in wine along with some olives, figs, cheese or dried fish. Supper was the main meal of each day. Fish was the main source of protein in the Greek diet. Wine was the main drink in ancient Greece. The Greeks did not have any eating utensils, so they ate with their hands. Men often gathered for dinner parties called symposiums. Daily Life in Ancient Greece Children Clothing Fashion Food Home Life Marriage Men and Women's Roles Shopping Women - Great History Photos, Right Price Follow our updates on Facebook or Twitter Pictures on this page are for viewing only. Please see Pictures Galleries for Royalty Free images for Educational uses. Copyright © 2000-2014 All Rights Reserved History Source LLC. Contact Us: Suggest a Site - General Comments

Primary History - Ancient Greeks Who were the ancient Greeks? Who were the ancient Greeks? Discover different ancient Greek cities and find out how they were ruled. How did the Olympic Games begin? Learn how the Olympic Games began over 2,700 years ago! What was it like to live in an ancient Greek family? What was everyday life like in ancient Greece? Who were the ancient Greek gods and heroes The Greeks believed in many gods and goddesses. The ancient Greeks at war Learn about ancient Greek soldiers, the Spartan soldier state and read about famous Greek battles. What do we know about ancient Greek culture? Find out what ancient Greek theatre was like and learn about different ancient Greek festivals and art How did the ancient Greeks change the world? What did the ancient Greeks do for us? 3 class clips We have a selection of great videos for use in the classroom Links BBC History for Kids

Ancient Greece - Q-files Encyclopedia The Parthenon is a temple to the goddess Athena, completed in 432 BC. It was built in the Acropolis of Athens, the ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop. The Parthenon (top) in Athens, built in 432 BC About 2500 years ago, Greece enjoyed a time of wealth, discovery and invention. It was known as the “Golden Age” of Greece. A map of Greece in around 500 BC A map of Greece in about 500 BC Greek city-states Greece civilization grew up around the shores and islands of the Aegean Sea. This painting, called The School of Athens, by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael, shows the Greek philosophers Plato (c.428–c.348 BC, left) and Aristotle (384–322 BC, right). The philosophers Plato (left) and Aristotle (right) Science and ideas The ancient Greeks had many ideas that have passed down to us today. Myths and drama Actors perform a play in an amphitheatre while the work of an ancient Greek town continues around them. Actors perform in an amphitheatre. Consultant: Philip Parker Timeline

Early Byzantine Art Early Byzantine Art As you know, Rome was the capitol of the Roman Empire until the era of Constantine. In 324, Constantine moved the capital from Rome to the Greek City of Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople. Things were fine for awhile, but by the 5th century of the common era, things began to change.The West was under attack by the barbarians and ultimately fell apart. Around 527, Justinian came to the throne in the East — the part of the Roman empire that had its capitol at Byzantium. The center scene here is the Adventus — Justinian is on horseback, with a barbarian begging for mercy. This is standard Roman imperial imagery — but juxtaposed with Christian imagery. Justinian did not see himself as presiding over a period of decline. At the time of Justinian’s reign, Constantinople was a large city of about 1.5 million people. Although the Byzantine Empire remained intact, Justinian’s rule was almost always under threat, and he was almost constantly at war. The monastery of St.

Greek Slaves Slave woman playing a kithara. You can tell she is a slave because she has short hair. In ancient Greece, most people who worked at jobs - teachers, doctors, nurses, construction workers, policemen, hair-dressers, mail carriers, cooks, nannies, bakers, miners, farmhands, dancers, musicians, craftspeople, and accountants - were slaves instead of free people. This was partly because free Greek people had no money to pay workers with (until the Archaic period), and because they had no clocks (to measure how long somebody had worked). But it was also because it is cheaper to force people to work for you than it is to pay them. A man cooking - probably a slave(Louvre Museum, Paris) Most people who were slaves in Greece had been born free. There were a lot of jobs, and so about a third of the people living in ancient Greece were slaves. Most people in ancient Greece who were slaves worked in the fields, plowing and planting seeds and harvesting wheat and barley and olives. or

Lectures by Sandra J. Shaw ART HISTORY I LECTURE 18: The Parthenon and its Arts Free Sample Download of Lecture >> AH1L18sample.mp3 IMAGES: (for individual student reference viewing only) below: Artist's reconstruction of the sanctuary of Delphi, by Albert Tournaire, fellow of the French Academy in Rome, watercolor, 1894. (Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris): below: Riace Warrior A, found near Riace, Italy, cast bronze, c. 6.5' h, c. 460-450 B.C. below: The Discus Thrower, by Myron, Roman copy in marble, c. 5' h, c. 450 B.C. below: West facade of the Parthenon, by Iktinos, Kallikrates, Karpion architects, Pentelic marble, c. 100'w x 228'd x 45'h, Acropolis, Athens, c. 447-432 B.C below: View from north-west of the Parthenon, by Iktinos, Kallikrates, Karpion architects, Pentelic marble, c. 100'w x 228'd x 45'h, Acropolis, Athens, c. 447-432 B.C below: Reconstructed model of the Acropolis, Athens. below: The Acropolis of Athens today: below: Reconstructed model of the west facade of the Parthenon.

Ancient Greek Instruments Kithara Lyra: originally called Chelys, because of the tortoise shell used as its sound box. According to Nicomachus of Gerasa (Ist cent. AD), the tortoise-shell Lyra was invented by god Hermes, who gave it to Orpheus. "Orpheus taught Thamyris and Linos, and Linos taught Hercules. When Orpheus was killed by the Thracian women, his lyra was thrown into the sea, and washed ashore at Antissa, a city of Lesbos, where it was found by fishermen, who brought it to Terpander, who in turn carried it to Egypt and presented it to the Egyptian priests as his own creation." We don't know how many strings the original Lyras had. Cithara plucked instrument with 5 strings originally, but later with as many as 12 strings. Barbitos or Barbiton is an instrument of the Lyra family and resembles a Lyra, but it has longer arms and narrower sound box. Phorminx probably the oldest of the Cithara type instruments.