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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Waterfox

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Waterfox
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies; March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect.[1] He is commonly referred to and was addressed as Mies, his surname. Along with Le Corbusier, Alvar Aalto, and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture. Mies, like many of his post-World War I contemporaries, sought to establish a new architectural style that could represent modern times just as Classical and Gothic did for their own eras. He created an influential twentieth-century architectural style, stated with extreme clarity and simplicity. His mature buildings made use of modern materials such as industrial steel and plate glass to define interior spaces. He strove toward an architecture with a minimal framework of structural order balanced against the implied freedom of free-flowing open space. Early career[edit] Mies was born in Aachen, Germany. Personal[edit] Traditionalism to Modernism[edit] Related:  20 siècle

Ephemeralization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Waterfox Ephemeralization, a term coined by R. Buckminster Fuller, is the ability of technological advancement to do "more and more with less and less until eventually you can do everything with nothing".[1] Fuller's vision was that ephemeralization will result in ever-increasing standards of living for an ever-growing population despite finite resources. The concept has been embraced by those who argue against Malthusian philosophy.[1] Fuller uses Henry Ford's assembly line as an example of how ephemeralization can continuously lead to better products at lower cost with no upper bound on productivity. Length measurement technologies in human development, for example, started with a compressive measure, such as a ruler. Consequences to society[edit] Francis Heylighen[2] and Alvin Toffler[3] have written that ephemeralization, though it may increase our power to solve physical problems, can make non-physical problems worse. See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

Metabolism (architecture) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Waterfox Interior of one of the capsules in the Nakagin Capsule Tower Metabolism メタボリズム was a post-war Japanese architectural movement that fused ideas about architectural megastructures with those of organic biological growth. It had its first international exposure during CIAM's 1959 meeting and its ideas were tentatively tested by students from Kenzo Tange's MIT studio. During the preparation for the 1960 Tōkyō World Design Conference a group of talented young architects and designers, including Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa and Fumihiko Maki prepared the publication of the Metabolism manifesto. They were influenced by a wide variety of sources including Marxist theories and biological processes. Their manifesto was a series of four essays entitled: Ocean City, Space City, Towards Group Form and Material and Man, and it also included designs for vast cities that floated on the oceans and plug-in capsule towers that could incorporate organic growth. Marine City sketch by Kikutake, 1958

Modules plugged in to structure of building itself plugged into transport Buckminster Fuller - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Waterfox Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller (/ˈfʊlər/; July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983)[1] was an American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor, and futurist. Buckminster Fuller was the second president of Mensa from 1974 to 1983.[2] Biography[edit] Years later, he decided that this sort of experience had provided him with not only an interest in design, but also a habit of being familiar with and knowledgeable about the materials that his later projects would require. Fuller earned a machinist's certification, and knew how to use the press brake, stretch press, and other tools and equipment used in the sheet metal trade.[3] Education[edit] Wartime experience[edit] Between his sessions at Harvard, Fuller worked in Canada as a mechanic in a textile mill, and later as a laborer in the meat-packing industry. Depression and epiphany[edit] Buckminster Fuller recalled 1927 as a pivotal year of his life. In 1927 Fuller, then aged 32, lost his job as president of Stockade. Recovery[edit]

"Beauty connotes humanity" Archigram - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Waterfox Archigram agitated to prevent modernism from becoming a sterile and safe orthodoxy by its adherents. Unlike ephemeralisation from Buckminster Fuller which assumes more must be done with less material (because material is finite), Archigram relies on a future of interminable resources. The works of Archigram had a Futurist slant being influenced by Antonio Sant'Elia's works. Sixpack France dedicated their Summer Spring 2009 Collection to this movement. Projects[edit] Plug-in-City, Peter Cook, 1964[edit] Plug-in-City is a mega-structure with no buildings, just a massive framework into which dwellings in the form of cells or standardised components could be slotted. The Walking City, Ron Herron, 1964[edit] The Walking City is constituted by intelligent buildings or robots that are in the form of giant, self-contained living pods that could roam the cities. Instant City[edit] Other projects[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] Further reading[edit] External links[edit]

Peter Cook (architecte) - Wikipédia - Waterfox Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Peter Cook (2009) Peter Cook est un architecte britannique né en 1936 à Southend-on-Sea, au Royaume-Uni. Il entreprend des études d’architecture de 1953 à 1960 et obtient un diplôme en 1960 de la London’s Architectural Association. De 1961 à 1974, il fonde, avec d’autres jeunes architectes, le mouvement Archigram, revue avant-gardiste architecturale. Il a participé à l’invention d’une architecture en prise directe sur la société de consommation et de communication. Peter Cook enseigne depuis 1964 en Angleterre et donne des conférences dans le monde entier. 1998 : Prix de l’American Institue of Architects pour son livre « Primer »1999 : Prix Jean Tschumi de l’Union Internationale des Architectes (UIA)2002 : RIBA‘s Royal Gold Medal à Archigram2002 : RIBAS’s Annie Spink Award for Excellence in Education à Peter Cook. Peter Cook, Architecture Action and plan, 1967Peter Cook, The Archigram Book, 1967, réd.

Architecture contemporaine Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. L'architecture contemporaine est par définition l'architecture produite maintenant, et cette qualification est donnée aux courants architecturaux de ces dernières décennies appartenant à l'histoire immédiate. Mais d'une façon encore plus générale le XX siècle est l'époque contemporaine définissant pour son architecture alors son caractère « contemporain », et dans ce cas voir l'Histoire de l'architecture#Époque contemporaine. L'architecture contemporaine est actuellement variée, elle associe des arts plastiques aux savoirs de la construction[1] et elle fait des références dans le style architectural à l'« architecture moderne » (par exemple en intégrant l'image de la charpente acier historique « shed » visible en transparence dans la façade d'édifices monumentaux construits actuellement) en plus des immuables références aux colonnes et frontons antiques. Thèmes architecturaux du XXIe siècle. Architecture et l'économie d'énergie. Le verre.