Confederación Nacional del Trabajo The Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT; "National Confederation of Labour") is a Spanish confederation of anarcho-syndicalist labour unions affiliated with the International Workers Association (IWA; Spanish: AIT – Asociación Internacional de los Trabajadores). When working with the latter group it is also known as CNT-AIT. Historically, the CNT has also been affiliated with the Federación Anarquista Ibérica (Iberian Anarchist Federation – FAI). In this capacity it was referred to as the CNT-FAI. Throughout its history, it has played a major role in the Spanish labor movement. Founded in 1910 in Barcelona  from groups brought together by the trade union Solidaridad Obrera, it significantly expanded the role of anarchism in Spain, which can be traced to the creation of the Federación de Trabajadores de la Región Española, the successor organization to the Spanish chapter of the IWA. Organization and function Membership Objectives Structure Union sections
Foxconn sees latest worker suicide following Chengdu fire｜Economy The latest suicide by a Foxconn employee brings to thirteen the number of such worker deaths since January last year. Picture: Outside Foxconn's Chengdu plant, the site of an explosion last week. (File Photo/CFP) Nearly a week after an explosion at Foxconn's factory in Chengdu, one of the company's employees jumped to his death from his apartment in the local township of Deyuan. The employee, a 20-year-old whose surname is Hou, committed suicide on Thursday morning (May 26) without specifying the reason, said a person familiar with the matter. The latest death is the thirteenth in a string of suicides among Foxconn employees since the first tragedy was reported on January 23, 2010. Gou traveled to the company's Shenzhen factory in person to handle the twelfth suicide case on May 26 last year, since when the company has raised wages and pledged to improve working conditions to limit the damage to its reputation. References: Foxconn 富士康 Terry Gou 郭台銘
Cincinnati Time Store Warren embraced the labor theory of value, which says that the value of a commodity is the amount of labor that goes into producing or acquiring it. From this he concluded that it was therefore unethical to charge more labor for a product than the labor required to produce it. Warren summed up this policy in the phrase "Cost the limit of price," with "cost" referring the amount of labor one exerted in producing a good. A 19th-century example of barter: A sample labor for labor note for the Cincinnati Time Store. In the store, customers could purchase goods with "labor notes" which represented an agreement to perform labor. See also References Men Against the State by James J. External links
"Unsourcing" - does free labour ultimately require free goods too? Crowdsourcing has been discovered by the corporate sector, The Economist tells us, as a great way to turn consumers into free labour. "Unsourcing", is the McKinsey-speak for the method pioneered by Wikipedia (and adopted by openDemocracy). But what are the system-wide implications of this move? A recent ‘Babbage’ column in The Economist writes about the phenomenon of ‘unsourcing’. “Some of the biggest brands in software, consumer electronics and telecoms have now found a workforce offering expert advice at a fraction of the price of even the cheapest developing nation...it is their customers themselves...." Here then is a specific claim that ‘crowdsourcing’, a form of commons-based production that has permitted content such as Wikipedia and platforms such as Mozilla to internet users for ‘free’, simultaneously permits corporations to reduce labour costs (variable capital) therefore boosting profits by essentially laying off paid workers. He adds, Accelerating the Crisis Conclusion
Paris Commune The Paris Commune (French: La Commune de Paris, IPA: [la kɔmyn də paʁi]) was a revolutionary and socialist government that briefly ruled Paris from 18 March until 28 May 1871. The killing of two French army generals by soldiers of the Commune's National Guard and the refusal of the Commune to accept the authority of the French government led to its harsh suppression by the regular French Army in "La Semaine sanglante" ("The Bloody Week") beginning on 21 May 1871. Debates over the policies and outcome of the Commune had significant influence on the ideas of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. Prelude to the Paris Commune On 2 September 1870, after his unexpected defeat at the Battle of Sedan in the Franco-Prussian War, Emperor Louis Napoleon III surrendered to the Prussian Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck. The population of Paris on the eve of Commune The radicalization of the Paris workers Radicals and revolutionaries The defenders of Paris
Economists and Democracy by Dani Rodrik Exit from comment view mode. Click to hide this space CAMBRIDGE – I have been presenting my new book The Globalization Paradox to different groups of late. By now I am used to all types of comments from the audience. Lest the message be lost, he then illustrated his point by reminding the audience of “the former Japanese minister of agriculture who argued that Japan could not import beef because human intestines are longer in Japan than in other countries.” The comment drew a few chuckles. But the remark had a more serious purpose and was evidently intended to expose a fundamental flaw in my argument. This criticism reflects a serious misunderstanding of how markets really function. Consider all that is required. Well-functioning markets are always embedded within broader mechanisms of collective governance. Once we recognize that markets require rules, we must next ask who writes those rules. But this scenario is neither relevant nor desirable.
Biennio Rosso A sociological study of violence in Italy (1919-1922) by text mining. Arrow width proportional to number of violent acts between social groups.(Click on large animated GIF image to see evolution) The Biennio Rosso (English: "Red Biennium") was a two-year period, between 1919 and 1920, of intense social conflict in Italy, following the First World War. The revolutionary period was followed by the violent reaction of the Fascist blackshirts militia and eventually by the March on Rome of Benito Mussolini in 1922. The Biennio Rosso took place in a context of economic crisis at the end of the war, with high unemployment and political instability. According to libcom.org, the anarcho-syndicalist trade union Unione Sindacale Italiana "grew to 800,000 members and the influence of the Italian Anarchist Union (20,000 members plus Umanita Nova, its daily paper) grew accordingly ... See also References Bibliography
An Overview of Participatory Action Research Purpose of Activity: This activity is designed to challenge the stereotypes that are commonly held about research and researchers in order to reframe research as a process in which everyone can and should participate. Participants will be introduced to the basic philosophy behind Participatory Action Research: that those most impacted by an issue should be able to design and conduct research about their community. By the End of Activity Participants Will: Be able to break down stereotypes about research and expertiseLearn that various types of knowledge exist within the groupLearn that community knowledge and research is critical to changing policy and building power Materials Needed: Paper Writing utensils Poker chips (or pennies, paper clips, or jelly beans) Butcher paper with definitions of types of knowledge Key Terms: Community knowledge Knowledge from experience Academic knowledge Intended Participants: Members and staff of your organization Time Needed: 45 minutes Facilitator Instructions: 1. 2.
Utopia, Ohio Utopia is an unincorporated community in far southern Franklin Township, Clermont County, Ohio, United States, along the banks of the Ohio River. Utopia has been referred to as a "ghost town" although there are still people who live there. Geography Utopia is located on the northern bank of the Ohio River in the southeast corner of Clermont County, in southwest Ohio.Coordinates: 38°46′34″N 84°03′26″W / 38.77611°N 84.05722°W / 38.77611; -84.05722 It lies along U.S. Route 52. First settlement Utopia was founded in 1844 by the followers of Charles Fourier, after the failure of an earlier Fourierist phalanstère called the Clermont Phalanx. Within three years, the community broke up. First settlers Second settlers Flood of 1847 On the night of December 13, the Ohio River had flooded its banks dramatically and was getting dangerously close to the town hall. Second settlement See also Anarchism in the United States References See also Utopia, Ohio