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Evolutionary origin of religions

Evolutionary origin of religions
The evolutionary origin of religions theorizes about the emergence of religious behavior during the course of human evolution. Nonhuman religious behaviour[edit] Humanity’s closest living relatives are common chimpanzees and bonobos. These primates share a common ancestor with humans who lived between four and six million years ago. It is for this reason that chimpanzees and bonobos are viewed as the best available surrogate for this common ancestor. Marc Bekoff, Professor Emeritus of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Colorado, Boulder, argues that many species grieve death and loss.[5] Setting the stage for human religion[edit] Increased brain size[edit] In this set of theories, the religious mind is one consequence of a brain that is large enough to formulate religious and philosophical ideas.[6] During human evolution, the hominid brain tripled in size, peaking 500,000 years ago. Tool use[edit] Development of language[edit] Morality and group living[edit] Related:  Evolution of Religionpersonal development

Göbekli Tepe The function of the structures is not yet clear. The most common opinion, shared by excavator Klaus Schmidt, is that they are early neolithic sanctuaries. Discovery[edit] The site was first noted in a survey conducted by Istanbul University and the University of Chicago in 1963. In 1994, Klaus Schmidt, now of the German Archaeological Institute, who had previously been working at Nevalı Çori, was looking for another site to lead a dig. The following year, he began excavating there in collaboration with the Şanlıurfa Museum. Dating[edit] View of site and excavation The imposing stratigraphy of Göbekli Tepe attests to many centuries of activity, beginning at least as early as the epipaleolithic, or Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA), in the 10th millennium BC. There are a number of radiocarbon dates (presented with one standard deviation errors and calibrations to BCE): The Hd samples are from charcoal in the lowest levels of the site and would date the active phase of occupation. Plateau[edit]

Evolutionary psychology of religion The evolutionary psychology of religion is the study of religious belief using evolutionary psychology principles. It is one approach to the psychology of religion. As with all other organs and organ functions, the brain and cognition's functional structure have been argued to have a genetic basis, and are therefore subject to the effects of natural selection and evolution. Like other organs and tissues, this functional structure should be universally shared amongst humans and should solve important problems of survival and reproduction. Mechanisms of evolution[edit] There is general agreement among scientists that a propensity to engage in religious behavior evolved early in human history. Religious behavior often involves significant costs including economic costs, celibacy, dangerous rituals, or by spending time that could be used otherwise. Religion as an adaptation[edit] These social solidarity theories may help to explain the painful or dangerous nature of many religious rituals.

New & Updated Krisnoel.com Masterpost (Writing Tips) - Kris Noel Since I have not properly archived my posts since the beginning of this blog, I decided to make a masterpost. This does not include asks or reblogs, so you might need to search through the blog to find those things. I get a lot of asks about things I’ve already posted, which is fine, so this should help me find the post you’re looking for. I will try to update this every month or so. Thanks! Also, if you’re interested in signing up for my newsletter, DO IT HERE: Fiction Writing Tips Newsletter Characters How to Improve Flat Characters Why Bad Characters Aren’t Always Bad 5 Ways to Build Your Character 5 Common Hero Traits How Your Character Views the World Characters with Secrets Is It a Stereotype of an Archetype? Why Good Characters Aren’t Always Good Writing Your Character’s Inner Thoughts How Much Character Description is Necessary Writing a Believable Villain Character Flaws Building Your Character’s Personality The Skeptic and the Believer Duo Killing Your Main Character Characters & Adversity Plot

Cognitive science of religion Cognitive science of religion is the study of religious thought and behavior from the perspective of the cognitive and evolutionary sciences. The field employs methods and theories from a very broad range of disciplines, including: cognitive psychology, evolutionary psychology, cognitive anthropology, artificial intelligence, cognitive neuroscience, neurobiology, zoology, and ethology. Scholars in this field seek to explain how human minds acquire, generate, and transmit religious memes by means of ordinary cognitive capacities. History[edit] Although religion has been the subject of serious scientific study since at least the late nineteenth century, the study of religion as a cognitive phenomenon is relatively recent. While it often relies upon earlier research within anthropology of religion[1] and sociology of religion, cognitive science of religion considers the results of that work within the context of evolutionary and cognitive theories. Theoretical basis[edit] Main Concepts[edit]

Sociology of religion Sociology of religion is the study of the beliefs, practices and organizational forms of religion using the tools and methods of the discipline of sociology. This objective investigation may include the use of both quantitative methods (surveys, polls, demographic and census analysis) and qualitative approaches such as participant observation, interviewing, and analysis of archival, historical and documentary materials.[1] History and relevance[edit] View of religion in classical sociology[edit] Durkheim, Marx, and Weber had very complex and developed theories about the nature and effects of religion. Karl Marx[edit] Central to Marx's theories was the oppressive economic situation in which he dwelt. Émile Durkheim[edit] Émile Durkheim placed himself in the positivist tradition, meaning that he thought of his study of society as dispassionate and scientific. Religion, for Durkheim, is not "imaginary," although he does deprive it of what many believers find essential. Max Weber[edit]

Pyramid Texts Pyramid texts from Teti I's pyramid. The Pyramid Texts are a collection of ancient Egyptian religious texts from the time of the Old Kingdom. They are possibly the oldest known religious texts in the world.[1][2] Written in Old Egyptian, the pyramid texts were carved on the walls and sarcophagi of the pyramids at Saqqara during the 5th and 6th Dynasties of the Old Kingdom. The spells, or "utterances", of the pyramid texts are primarily concerned with protecting the pharaoh's remains, reanimating his body after death, and helping him ascend to the heavens, which are the emphasis of the afterlife during the Old Kingdom. Versions[edit] The texts were first discovered in 1881 by Gaston Maspero, and translations were made by Kurt Heinrich Sethe (in German), Louis Speleers (in French), Raymond O. The oldest version consists of 228 spells and comes from the Pyramid of Unas, who was the last king of the 5th Dynasty. Examples[edit] After death, the king must first rise from his tomb. Oho! Notes

The Top 10 Intelligent Designs (or Creation Myths) Anthony Duignan-Cabrera & Tom X. Chao | December 19, 2004 01:54am ET Credit: LiveScienceSeveral parents won a lawsuit against a Pennsylvania school district in 2005 that had added the controversial theory of "intelligent design" to its curriculum. Unlike the theory of evolution which is taught at most schools as a fact-based science, "intelligent design" -- as argued by the plaintiffs -- was nothing more than a philosophy predicated on the Judeo-Christian belief that the logical sequences found in nature are not random happenings or surprising mutations, but deftly managed events created by a greater omniscient and omnipresent intelligence with a specific plan. In short, the work of God.

10 Creative Rituals You Should Steal Benjamin Franklin made sure to end every day by asking “What good have I done today?” Maya Angelou only wrote in tiny hotel rooms. Jack Kerouac made sure to touch the ground nine times before writing. Sustained creativity doesn’t come from a flash of brilliance or a single afternoon of inspiration. It comes from a consistent routine that serves as the bedrock for getting things done. Venture capitalist Brad Feld takes a week off every three months: The most impactful thing I’ve done is to take a week off the grid every quarter. Read the entire interview here. Former Obama campaign CTO Harper Reed the importance of the daily “retrospective”: [The presidential campaign] had a really good team dynamic that relied quite a bit on the “retrospective” meeting at the end of a project that allowed us to stop and say: “What was it like to launch? Read the entire interview here. Best-selling author Cheryl Strayed on the importance of writing daily: Read the entire interview here. How about you?

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