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In the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy, the demiurge (/ˈdɛmiˌɜrdʒ/) is an artisan-like figure responsible for the fashioning and maintenance of the physical universe. The term was subsequently adopted by the Gnostics. Although a fashioner, the demiurge is not necessarily the same as the creator figure in the familiar monotheistic sense, because both the demiurge itself plus the material from which the demiurge fashions the universe are considered either uncreated and eternal, or the product of some other being, depending on the system. Platonism and Neoplatonism[edit] Middle Platonism[edit] In Numenius's Neo-Pythagorean and Middle Platonist cosmogony, the Demiurge is second God as the nous or thought of intelligibles and sensibles.[4] Neoplatonism[edit] Henology[edit] The Demiurge of Neoplatonism is the Nous (mind of God), and is one of the three ordering principles: Arche (Gr. Iamblichus[edit] Gnosticism[edit] Mythos[edit] Angels[edit] Names[edit] Related:  briannienowphilsophyIntellectual interests

Sethianism The Sethians were a Gnostic sect during the Roman era. Alongside Valentinianism Sethianism was one of the main currents of Gnosticism during the 2nd to 3rd centuries. Their thinking, though it is predominantly Judaic in foundation, is arguably strongly influenced by Platonism. Mentions of the Sethians[edit] The Sethians (Latin Sethoitae) are first mentioned, alongside the Ophites, in the 2nd century, by Irenaeus and in Pseudo-Tertullian (Ch.30).[1][2] According to Frederik Wisse (1981)[3] all subsequent accounts appear to be largely dependent on Irenaeus.[4] Hippolytus repeats information from Irenaeus. Sethian texts[edit] Most surviving Sethian texts are preserved only in Coptic translation of the Greek original. Teachings[edit] The Sethian cosmogony was most famously contained in the Apocryphon of John, which describes an Unknown God, the same as Paul had done in the Acts of the Apostles 17:23. The emanation of the spiritual universe[edit] The creation of matter[edit] See also[edit]

Libertarian socialism - Wikipedia Libertarian socialism (or socialist libertarianism)[1] is a group of anti-authoritarian[2] political philosophies inside the socialist movement that rejects socialism as centralized state ownership and control of the economy.[3] Past and present political philosophies and movements commonly described as libertarian socialist include anarchism as well as autonomism, Communalism, participism, guild socialism,[27] revolutionary syndicalism and libertarian Marxist[28] philosophies such as council communism[29] and Luxemburgism[30] as well as some versions of utopian socialism[31] and individualist anarchism.[32][33][34][35] Overview[edit] Libertarian socialism is a Western philosophy with diverse interpretations, though some general commonalities can be found in its many incarnations. Noam Chomsky is one of the most well-known contemporary libertarian socialist thinkers Anti-capitalism[edit] John O`Neil argues: Anti-authoritarianism and opposition to the state[edit] Environmental issues[edit]

Ireland's early population may come from Mid East Ireland's early population may have come to the country from as far away as the Middle East and Eurasia, a genetic study has found. Scientists made the discovery after mapping the DNA of a farmer woman who lived near Belfast 5,200 years ago and three Irish men dating back to the Bronze Age around 4,000 years ago. All the genetic sequences showed clear evidence of "massive migration", the researchers said. The woman had ancestry that could be tracked to the Middle East, where agriculture was invented. About a third of the men's ancestry led to the Pontic Steppe, a huge region of flat grassland extending from the Danube estuary to the Ural mountains. It was here that the horse was first domesticated, and chariots developed. In much more recent times, the Irish have become famous for putting down new roots around the world in countries such as the US and Australia. The new research suggests that they themselves started out as immigrants.

Mandaeism "Mandaean" redirects here. For the ethnoreligious group, see Mandaeans. "Mandean" redirects here. For the language family in West Africa, see Mande languages. According to most scholars, Mandaeans migrated from the Southern Levant to Mesopotamia in the first centuries CE, and are of pre-Arab and pre-Islamic origin. Mandaeans appear to have settled in northern Mesopotamia, but the religion has been practised primarily around the lower Karun, Euphrates and Tigris and the rivers that surround the Shatt-al-Arab waterway, part of southern Iraq and Khuzestan Province in Iran. The Mandaeans have remained separate and intensely private—reports of them and of their religion have come primarily from outsiders, particularly from the Orientalist Julius Heinrich Petermann, Nicolas Siouffi (a Yazidi) and Lady Drower. Origin of name[edit] The term Mandaeism comes from Classical Mandaic Mandaiia and appears in Neo-Mandaic as Mandeyānā. Other scholars[who?] History[edit] Beliefs[edit] According to E.S.

Robert Todd Carroll - Wikipedia Robert Todd Carroll (May 18, 1945 – August 25, 2016) was an American writer and academic. Carroll is best known for his contributions in the field of skepticism; he achieved notability by publishing The Skeptic's Dictionary online in 1994. He was elected a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry in 2010.[1][2] He described himself as a naturalist, an atheist, a materialist, a metaphysical libertarian, and a positivist.[3] His published books include Becoming a Critical Thinker;[4] The Skeptic's Dictionary;[5] The Skeptic's Dictionary for Kids;[6] The Critical Thinker's Dictionary;[7] Unnatural Acts: Critical Thinking, Skepticism, and Science Exposed! He was a professor of philosophy at Sacramento City College from 1977 until his retirement in 2007.[1] Early life[edit] Carroll was born in Joliet, Illinois on May 18, 1945.[10] His father worked in a coal processing plant. Career[edit] Professor[edit] Writer[edit] Skeptic[edit] Carroll spoke in several skeptical conferences. Criticism[edit]

The smell of rain: how CSIRO invented a new word Australia’s CSIRO has come up with some pretty amazing inventions over the past 86 years of research, from polymer banknotes to insect repellent and the world-changing Wi-Fi. But we can also lay claim to something a little more esoteric – we actually invented a whole new word. And no, we’re not talking about one of these new-fangled internet words like “YOLO”, “selfie” or “totes”. The word is “petrichor”, and it’s used to describe the distinct scent of rain in the air. This heady smell of oncoming wet weather is something most Australians would be familiar with – in fact, some scientists now suggest that humans inherited an affection for the smell from ancestors who relied on rainy weather for their survival. Origins Even the word itself has ancient origins. But the story behind its scientific discovery is a lesser known tale. Thomas had for years been trying to identify the cause for what was a long-known and widespread phenomena. Bring on the humidity According to the Nature Paper:

Henosis For Ένωσις, the modern political movement to unify Greece and Cyprus, see Enosis. Henosis is also a synonym of Bulbophyllum, a genus of orchid. Henosis (Ancient Greek: ἕνωσις) is the word for mystical "oneness," "union," or "unity" in classical Greek. In Platonism, and especially Neoplatonism, the goal of henosis is union with what is fundamental in reality: the One (Τὸ Ἕν), the Source, or Monad.[1] The Neoplatonic concept has precedents in the Greek mystery religions[2] as well as parallels in Oriental philosophies.[3] It is further developed in the Corpus Hermeticum, in Christian theology, soteriology and mysticism and is an important factor in the historical development of monotheism during Late Antiquity. Usage in Classical texts and lexicon definition[edit] The term is relatively common in classical texts, and has the meaning of "union" or "unity".[4] Divine work[edit] The cosmos and order[edit] Fate and destiny[edit] Modalism[edit] Divine unity by return[edit] Notes[edit] See also[edit]

Frank J. Tipler Frank Jennings Tipler (born February 1, 1947) is a mathematical physicist and cosmologist, holding a joint appointment in the Departments of Mathematics and Physics at Tulane University.[2] Tipler has written books and papers on the Omega Point based on Pierre Teilhard de Chardin's religious ideas, which he claims is a mechanism for the resurrection of the dead. He is also known for his theories on the Tipler cylinder time machine. People have argued that his theories are largely pseudoscience.[3] Biography[edit] The Omega Point cosmology[edit] The Omega Point is a term Tipler uses to describe a cosmological state in the distant proper-time future of the universe that he maintains is required by the known physical laws. Tipler's argument that the omega point cosmology is required by the known physical laws is a more recent development that arose after the publication of his 1994 book The Physics of Immortality. Reception[edit] Selected writings[edit] Books[edit] Articles[edit] See also[edit]

Syria Crisis - Urgent Appeal - Donate to UN Refugee Agency - UNHCR Refugees endure worsening conditions in the Syrian conflict’s 5th year. In the Syrian conflict’s fifth year, millions of refugees are caught in alarmingly deteriorating conditions, facing an even bleaker future. With no solution to the conflict in sight, most of the 4 million Syrian refugees in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt see no prospect of returning home in the near future, and have little opportunity to restart their lives in exile. Inside Syria, the situation is also deteriorating rapidly. Millions of children are suffering from trauma and ill health. “We have only a narrow opportunity to intervene now as this potentially lost generation confronts its future”, warns UNHCR High Commissioner Antonio Guterres. What is UNHCR doing to help By helping refugees in the surrounding region, UNHCR hopes to reduce the number of desperate Syrians resorting to smugglers and falling prey to traffickers to reach safety elsewhere. You can help make a difference.

Hermetica Scope[edit] The term particularly applies to the Corpus Hermeticum, Marsilio Ficino's Latin translation in fourteen tracts, of which eight early printed editions appeared before 1500 and a further twenty-two by 1641.[2] This collection, which includes the Pœmandres and some addresses of Hermes to disciples Tat, Ammon and Asclepius, was said to have originated in the school of Ammonius Saccas and to have passed through the keeping of Michael Psellus: it is preserved in fourteenth century manuscripts.[3] The last three tracts in modern editions were translated independently from another manuscript by Ficino's contemporary Lodovico Lazzarelli (1447–1500) and first printed in 1507. Extensive quotes of similar material are found in classical authors such as Joannes Stobaeus. Parts of the Hermetica appeared in the 4th-century Gnostic library found in Nag Hammadi. Character and antiquity[edit] Later history[edit] Standard editions[edit] Contents of Corpus Hermeticum[edit] I. (II.) II. III. IV. V.

8. The grand deception: The Power of One. : C_S_T Victorian Slang in Tipping the Velvet. | Deborah Rose Reeves I’ve fallen down a definitional rabbit-hole – I’m not certain, but that could be a euphemism. I’ve somehow managed to set aside Sarah Water’s wonderful Tipping the Velvet and become completely engrossed in its Victorian-era sexual slang. It happens. Mash verb, noun “Nancy’s mashed out on that Kitty Butler, at the Palace,” said Davy. A man who is aggressive in making amorous advances towards women. The word masher was most popular from the 1880s to the early 20th century, says the Oxford Etymologist Anatoly Liberman. “A masher is usually a ‘swell’, but every swell is not a masher. To be mashed means to be madly in love with a girl. “Mash, to. Some suggest that masher is an alteration of the French ma chère but Liberman rejects this as well as any gypsy origins. Tom noun The man gave a sneer, then he hawked and spat. Toms! At the sound of it, the audience gave a great collective flinch. Perhaps, it means ‘prostitute’ and derives from London Cockney rhyming-slang: Trouble and Strife = Wife.

Gospel of Truth The Gospel of Truth is one of the Gnostic texts from the New Testament apocrypha found in the Nag Hammadi codices ("NHC"). It exists in two Coptic translations, a Subakhmimic rendition surviving almost in full in the first codex (the "Jung Codex") and a Sahidic in fragments in the twelfth. History[edit] But the followers of Valentinus, putting away all fear, bring forward their own compositions and boast that they have more Gospels than really exist. After its Coptic translations and their burial at Nag Hammadi, the text had been lost until the Nag Hammadi discovery. Style[edit] The text is written with strong poetic skill (notable even in translation), and includes a heavily cyclical presentation of themes. Not all scholars, however, agree that the text is to be considered Gnostic. Content[edit] The text describes a theory of the rise of Error in personified form. It then describes Jesus as having been sent down by God to remove ignorance. Relation to Valentinian fragments[edit] Notes[edit]