Have to, must and should for obligation and advice We use have to / must / should + infinitive to talk about obligation, things that are necessary to do, or to give advice about things that are a good idea to do. Must and have to are both used for obligation and are often quite similar. They are both followed by the infinitive. I must go now. / I have to go now. Are these exactly the same? Well, almost. I must remember to get a present for Daisy. Which verb do people use more? Have to is more frequent in conversation; must is used more in formal writing, for example in written notices. Passengers must fasten their seat-belts. Do they change in form for I, you, he, she, etc.? Have changes in the third person singular (he/she/it has); but must doesn’t change. I think I’ve heard have got to. Yes, we use both have got to, for obligation, and had better, for advice, a lot in speaking. So they’re not used in formal writing? No. You mustn’t forget ... Umm, I’m still a bit confused ... Ah! No, you mustn’t! I see. Yes, exactly.
Learn Irregular Verbs with Engames and Fluency MC | Games to learn English I have already published 10 posts on teaching irregular verbs. You can see the list of the posts down here: But I still cannot say that my students know the verbs. Listen to the song and complete the lyrics. Irregular verbs lyrics first part Irregular verbs – infographic Show the following infographic to your students and ask them to go through the example sentences. You can download the print version of the infographic here: Irregular verbs with Fluency MC 1 To practise the irregular verbs from the song you can play the following game. En Garde game Irregular verbs – online quiz Now it is time to test your students knowledge. Online quiz on irregular verbs You can watch more videos by Fluency MC here:
Phonics Genius Educational Technology and Mobile Learning: Some Excellent Android Apps for Learning English Grammar May 14, 2015 Technology has brought interactivity and life to those content areas that were long reputed for being dull and boring. An example of this is grammar. Grammar instruction does not have to be an arduous and daunting task for students. There are now several apps that can help learners develop strong grammatical skills and all while having fun. Below are some example of excellent Android apps for teaching and learning English grammar. 1- English Grammar Test “This grammar test is the best way to improve your English grammar knowledge. 2- English Grammar in Use “This Starter Pack includes six grammar units (Present and Past tenses) with clear explanations and interactive exercises, a Glossary of grammar words, and a Study Guide to help you decide which grammar units you need to study.” 3- English Grammar Handbook “If you are looking for a powerful book of English grammar, this app is for you. 4- English Tenses 5- English Grammar Spell Checker 6- Practice English Grammar
Irregular verbs in context - Scream Teaching irregular verbs can be fun. The verbs are easy to use to tell stories and stories are interesting for everyone. In the following post I am going to tell a story and you can learn the past tense of ten irregular verbs there. ADVERT: To achieve this there are a video, a worksheet, a comic and an interactive quiz. I hope you will find them interesting. Once you introduce the story, it is time to deal with the language. Past-simple-story_scream_original_ws_better Irregular verbs – interactive quiz When you finish the worksheet, you can ask the students to do the following interactive quiz. If you want to play the quiz on the full screen, click the button below. If you like the quiz above and you would like to share it on your blog or use it in a classroom without an internet connection, you can do this. Scream Irregular verbs – more resources
23 maps and charts on language by Dylan Matthews on April 15, 2015 "The limits of my language," the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein once posited, "mean the limits of my world." Explaining everything within the limits of the world is probably too ambitious a goal for a list like this. But here are 23 maps and charts that can hopefully illuminate small aspects of how we manage to communicate with one another. The basics Indo-European language rootsMinna Sundberg, a Finnish-Swedish comic artist, created this beautiful tree to illustrate both the relationships between European and central Asian languages generally, as well as a smaller but still striking point: Finnish has less in common with, say, Swedish than Persian or Hindi do. Language divides Bilingualism Who in Europe speaks EnglishMany countries have more than one commonly used language, with many residents learning two or more. English American English
English Language (ESL) Grammar Quizzes for Students Study English grammar and vocabulary using our online quizzes and printable worksheets for learners, teachers and instructors. Test yourself with 518 free English language quizzes covering grammar, usage and vocabulary for beginner, intermediate and advanced level English students. Simply answer all of the questions in the quiz and press submit to see your score and other statistics. Teacher Note: Our teacher handouts have now been merged with our online quizzes. Topics: Showing 518 exercises: Adjectives and Adverbs (42) # Articles (12) # Comparatives & Superlatives (4) # Conjunctions (10) # Determiners (1) # General (36) # Modals (8) # Nouns (6) # Parts of Speech (7) # Prepositions (32) # Present Simple (4) # Pronouns (11) # Pronunciation (3) # Questions (4) # Relative Pronouns (9) # Since and For (2) # Some & Any (5) # Spelling and Punctuation (25) # Syllables (2) # Verbs and Tenses (20) # Vocabulary (61) # Conditionals (9) # Direct & Indirect Speech (1) # Future Forms (2) # Gap Filling (6) # Idioms (30) #
Irregular Verb Page Englishpage.com's Irregular Verb Dictionary for English learners contains over 370 irregular verbs used in modern English. To view our Extended Irregular Verb Dictionary, which contains over 470 verbs including rare and antiquated forms, Click Here. Alternate forms are separated by /. The first form listed is the most commonly used. [More info]Forms which are primarily used in British English are in italics. [More info]To view a definition of the verb, click on the infinitive form.To learn more about confusing forms, click on the information link [?]. Flashcards & Exercises | About Dictionary Your personal online English school.
Mobile You may already be familiar with the following websites, or this might be your first introduction. Either way, each of them can be a ready resource for your ESL teaching needs and a way to freshen your teaching plans and answer your questions. 1Englishgrammar.org Every ESL teacher has to teach grammar, even if that is not one of your course names. This site lists the grammar rules of English alphabetically, and they are easily accessible. Not only that, they provide PDF files of lessons on these rules that you can use with your students.2ESLpartyland.com Are you looking for some out of the ordinary materials to use in your classroom? If you are reading this, you already know that busyteacher.org is an essential resource for the ESL teacher.
Master the Particulars of Grammar With This Pop Culture Primer 3351 11Share1 For the overlap in the Venn diagram of word nerds and pop culture junkies, Pop Chart Lab has created a poster that breaks down the parts of speech with the help of famous figures from movies, television, music, and literature. Not just your basic person, place, or thing (although that's covered, too, with the help of Luke Skywalker, Tatooine, and a lightsaber) this poster takes on particulars of interrogative pronouns, modal auxiliary verbs, and resulting copulas via the likes of Dumbledore, Rocky, and Michael J. Fox. The hand-drawn classic characters (plus Nicholas Cage) contextualize the dusty rules of grammar in a beautiful wall-worthy way.
BATTLESHIP: IRREGULAR VERBS Much to learn, you still have. – Joda. Despite the evidence that the number of irregular verbs is declining in the English language, there is no danger they will disappear, and the struggle will continue. There are many attempts to find a shortcut in learning irregular verbs, yet with all the options and “magic tricks” available, learning these verbs requires much memorization, drilling and practice. Today I will show how I use the Battleship game to drill and practise irregular verbs in a fun way. Before the game: Each player will need two 10×10 grids – one with irregular verbs in each square, and one blank grid. Click the Grids to download them. The players then mark where they want to place their ships by circling rows, horizontally or vertically. Each player’s fleet consists of the following ships: 1 aircraft carrier – 5 squares 1 battleship – 4 squares 1 cruiser – 3 squares 2 destroyers – 2 squares each 2 submarines – 1 square each How to play: some more games with irregular verbs from Engames.
Travel and Sightseeing: Directions Through Town (3) If you don't have a good map of the city you are visiting, you might have to ask a lot of questions to find yourself around. Look at the expressions below and be sure to understand the meaning of the places on the map before you begin the listening activity: Listen by pressing the "Play Audio" button. Then, choose TRUE or FALSE for each sentence, which may be missing one or more words. Press the "Final Score" button to check your quiz. [ Other Audio Options: Play RealMedia | Play Window Media ] Listen to the sentences again as you read the Quiz Script. Using the same map below, give directions to a partner and see if he or she can find the right building. Want to Tell People About This Listening Activity? Now, write your opinions on a similar topic at Randall's ESL Blog HERE. Randall's Sites: Daily ESL | ESL Blog | EZSlang | Train Your Accent | Tips For Students | Hiking In Utah
Everyday Grammar: Gerunds and Infinitives Everyday Grammar - Gerunds and Infinitives Welcome to another episode of Everyday Grammar on VOA Learning English. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. The infinitive form of a verb appears either as the basic form (with no marking) or with the word “to.” It is difficult for English learners to know whether to use a gerund or an infinitive after a verb. Here’s an example. Sentence one: I suggested going to dinner. Sentence two: I suggested to go to dinner. Sentence one, with the gerund, is correct. Let’s take the word “like.” Are you confused yet? Basically, some verbs are followed by gerunds, some verbs are followed by infinitives, and some verbs can be followed by gerunds or infinitives. Here are a few tips. Tip number one: you almost always find a gerund after a preposition. Tip number two: When you are talking about an activity, you usually use a gerund. Let’s see how much you know.
1 WORKSHEET – 10 GAMES | ELT-CATION Make drilling more meaningful and fun. All you need is a sheet of paper. This post shows how the use of game mechanics can help a teacher design better drilling activities and turn repeated practice of target grammar or vocabulary into a cognitively engaging exercise. Focus on the material to be practised and learning outcomes for your group of students: e.g. irregular verbs It is essential to clearly see the ‘why’ in terms of language learning and use games and game techniques as a means to an end, rather than for their own sake. Bringing a game from the external world, without adapting it to learners’ needs and expected learning outcomes, may be just a waste of time (and money, if the game requires numerous handouts) in terms of learning. Form of interaction: two or three students alternating between the roles. Learning irregular verbs requires much memorization, drilling and practice. Work less: Engage learners in the process of preparation for the game – I wrote “to write”.