The Top 10 Psychology Studies of 2010 The end of 2010 fast approaches, and I'm thrilled to have been asked by the editors of Psychology Today to write about the Top 10 psychology studies of the year. I've focused on studies that I personally feel stand out, not only as examples of great science, but even more importantly, as examples of how the science of psychology can improve our lives. Each study has a clear "take home" message, offering the reader an insight or a simple strategy they can use to reach their goals , strengthen their relationships, make better decisions, or become happier. If you extract the wisdom from these ten studies and apply them in your own life, 2011 just might be a very good year. 1) How to Break Bad Habits If you are trying to stop smoking , swearing, or chewing your nails, you have probably tried the strategy of distracting yourself - taking your mind off whatever it is you are trying not to do - to break the habit. J. 2) How to Make Everything Seem Easier J. 3) How To Manage Your Time Better M. J.
No Thought Suppression How pushing a thought out of consciousness can bring it back with a vengeance. It sometimes feels like our minds are not on the same team as us. I want to go to sleep, but it wants to keep me awake rerunning events from my childhood. I want to forget the lyrics from that stupid 80s pop song but it wants to repeat them over and over again ad nauseam. This internal battle can be anything from the attempt to suppress an occasional minor irritation (did I turn off the cooker?) The classic response to this mental wrangling — whether relatively trivial or deadly serious — is to try and forget about it, push it to the back of our minds or some other variation on the theme. Thought rebound In the study that kicked off research in this area Professor Daniel Wegner and colleagues investigated the effects of thought suppression (Wegner et al., 1987). Participants who first tried to suppress their thoughts rang the bell almost twice as often as participants in a control group. Suppressing emotions
7 Stupid Thinking Errors You Probably Make The brain isn’t a flawless piece of machinery. Although it is powerful and comes in an easy to carry container, it has it’s weaknesses. A field in psychology which studies these errors, known as biases. If you were in a canoe, you’d probably want to know about any holes in the boat before you start paddling. Simply noticing these holes isn’t enough; a canoe will fill with water whether you are aware of a hole or not. Biases hurt you in a number of areas: Decision making. Here are some common thinking errors:1) Confirmation Bias The confirmation bias is a tendency to seek information to prove, rather than disprove our theories. Consider a study conducted by Peter Cathcart Wason. From this starting point, most participants picked specific rules such as “goes up by 2“ or “1x, 2x, 3x.” Known more commonly under “hindsight is 20/20“ this bias causes people to see past results as appearing more probable than they did initially. This is the tendency to see patterns where none actually exist.
Feelings Why Some People Are Evil Just after the sun rose on July 7, 2008, Hans Reiser led police and prosecutors to Nina's shallow grave. Reiser was about to be convicted of strangling his estranged wife to death when he agreed to plead guilty to second-degree murder and reveal where he dumped Nina's body. In exchange, he would dodge the death penalty. Reiser was a moderately wealthy Internet entrepreneur who started college at age 15. I became familiar with Reiser's case because he hand-wrote a four-page appeal from his cell at San Quentin requesting a new trial. But here's the rub: Reiser didn't request an appeal because he believed he was oxytocin-deficit and wasn't responsible for his actions. So how do human beings go from good, to bad, to evil ? Knowing the chemistry of morality gives us keen insights into why most of us are good most of the time, and why some people like Hans Reiser are evil. And then there is petty evil. My field experiments have even taken me to some of the farthest reaches of the earth.
Why Do We Laugh? Why do we LOL? Is ROFLing an innate piece of human behavior? Does our tendency to LMAO say something about us—something that separates us from the non-kekekeing species who share our planet? For Scienceline, William Herkewitz explores the evolutionary history of laughter, a story that shows us that maybe we’re not quite so unique as we’d like to think. It’s not just that we laugh at funny things. Herkewitz finds that various theories abound, but that the current “best guess” says that humans laugh to tell other humans not to get too fussed over something that could otherwise be regarded as scary or dangerous. If you’re an ancestral human, says Ramachandran, and you come across what you think is a dangerous snake but actually turns out to be a stick, you’re relieved and you laugh. People also laugh to show pleasure, to bond with other members of the group. Our laughter, the Tommy gun staccato sound of “ha-ha-ha,” is unique in the animal kingdom. Dogs, too, laugh in their own way.
Top 10 Thinking Traps Exposed Our minds set up many traps for us. Unless we’re aware of them, these traps can seriously hinder our ability to think rationally, leading us to bad reasoning and making stupid decisions. Features of our minds that are meant to help us may, eventually, get us into trouble. Here are the first 5 of the most harmful of these traps and how to avoid each one of them. 1. “Is the population of Turkey greater than 35 million? Lesson: Your starting point can heavily bias your thinking: initial impressions, ideas, estimates or data “anchor” subsequent thoughts. This trap is particularly dangerous as it’s deliberately used in many occasions, such as by experienced salesmen, who will show you a higher-priced item first, “anchoring” that price in your mind, for example. What can you do about it? Always view a problem from different perspectives. 2. In one experiment a group of people were randomly given one of two gifts — half received a decorated mug, the other half a large Swiss chocolate bar. 3. 4.
Emotional Skills Toolkit We often hear from people who feel overwhelmed by stress, family, work and relationship problems, health challenges, and painful emotions. They’ve tried many approaches to help themselves feel better, but they just can’t seem to follow through, or what they’ve done hasn't helped them enough. If this sounds familiar, you know that it’s all too easy to become discouraged when you’re stuck. The good news: you can learn these important emotional skills, no matter your age or the obstacles you face. Skill building, like any learning, takes time and effort.
40 Google+ Tips and Tricks for Power Users | PCWorld July 27, 2011, 8:24 AM — Google+ is all the rage right now. Even under its limited-invite "field trial" phase, the social sharing service is growing in leaps and bounds, with oodles of new users joining every day and even more champing at the bit to get in. Most of us, however, are only beginning to scratch the surface of what Google+ can do; like many Google products, G+ is brimming with advanced features and untapped tweaks. That's why I decided to put together this massive list of Google+ tips and tricks. It includes some of the best power-user pointers I've found both from my own experimentation and from following some really smart folks in the Google+ universe. For more G+ tips and general tech talk, be sure to join me on Google+ as well. Google+ Tips Part 1: The Stream 1. 2. 3. 4.
List of Emotions Top 10 Common Faults In Human Thought Humans The human mind is a wonderful thing. Cognition, the act or process of thinking, enables us to process vast amounts of information quickly. For example, every time your eyes are open, you brain is constantly being bombarded with stimuli. You may be consciously thinking about one specific thing, but you brain is processing thousands of subconscious ideas. Unfortunately, our cognition is not perfect, and there are certain judgment errors that we are prone to making, known in the field of psychology as cognitive biases. The Gambler’s fallacy is the tendency to think that future probabilities are altered by past events, when in reality, they are not. Reactivity is the tendency of people to act or appear differently when they know that they are being observed. Pareidolia is when random images or sounds are perceived as significant. Interesting Fact: the Rorschach Inkblot test was developed to use pareidolia to tap into people’s mental states. Self-fulfilling Prophecy
How can I successfully identify and release my emotions? - emotions meditation emotional How can I successfully identify and release my emotions? I experienced a very controlled childhood during which I needed to suppress my emotions and wants in order to avoid conflict. As a result I find it difficult to identify emotions inside of myself and to find a satisfying way of releasing them. I've tried some techniques like sitting down with focused breathing and listening inward, but I often find the emotions to be too intense and I avoid doing it. It's not that I am incapable of feelings emotions, but that I have difficulty identifying exactly which emotion I'm feeling and why. I particularly feel scared of mixed emotions and try to avoid thinking about them without even realizing I'm doing it.
Emotional Story-Telling after Stressful Experiences: A Way to Find Meaning Nght by Elie Wiesel book cover Dr Elie Wiesel, an American Jewish writer and Holocaust survivor of Eastern European descent is an internationally recognized writer, teacher, and scholar, who dedicated his life to raising awareness about the Holocaust and about the importance of actively speaking up against human rights violations and genocide, wherever in the world these may occur. In 1986, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to human rights, and he has been an inspiration to other leading humanitarian figures, including Oprah Winfrey, whose moving visit with Dr. Wiesel to Auschwitz was broadcast on her program in 2006. Dr Wiesel's novel , which was translated into English in 1960, is an autobiographical account of his deportation in 1 944 as a young boy to the concentration camp, Auschwitz-Berkenau, along with his whole family. Holocaust Memorial Statue Only those who experienced Auschwitz know what it was. Visit Dr.
The Search for Basic Emotions Table of Contents Before reading this you might want to explore your own emotions. One way to help a person do this is to study this web page: Understand, Identify Release Your Emotions. It was written by Mary Kurus. In a very simple way the left brain is very logical and linear and is always trying to figure out how the right brain sees the big picture and has more insight into emotions. Later in this web page, I describe seven basic emotions that seem to cover all the many presented on this web page. Language Confusing Before we start, a word of warning. Emotions have all sorts of words used to describe them. If we are to investigate emotions we have to include the observer. Emotions and feelings stem from two great sources, namely the body (sickness, tired, etc) and other people (love, hate, anger, etc). The Plutchik Model of Emotions Before we continue, it would be best to consider Robert Plutchik's psychoevolutionary theory of emotion. Various Lists of Emotions Hunter B. 1. 1.