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Turing test

Turing test
The "standard interpretation" of the Turing Test, in which player C, the interrogator, is tasked with trying to determine which player - A or B - is a computer and which is a human. The interrogator is limited to using the responses to written questions in order to make the determination. Image adapted from Saygin, 2000. The test was introduced by Alan Turing in his 1950 paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence," which opens with the words: "I propose to consider the question, 'Can machines think?'" In the years since 1950, the test has proven to be both highly influential and widely criticized, and it is an essential concept in the philosophy of artificial intelligence.[6] History[edit] Philosophical background[edit] [H]ow many different automata or moving machines can be made by the industry of man [...] Denis Diderot formulates in his Pensees Philosophiques a Turing-test criterion: Alan Turing[edit] ELIZA and PARRY[edit] The Chinese room[edit] Loebner Prize[edit] The Imitation Game[edit] Related:  AIescritores

Les webcams à détection du visage HP font de la discrimination [youtube] C’est maladroit mais il semblerait bien que les nouvelles webcams HP, vendues avec le logiciel de détection du visage, ne sont pas capables de reconnaitre les visages noirs. C’est ce que vous pouvez voir sur la vidéo ci-dessus. HP ne s’est pas muré dans le silence. « On travaille avec notre partenaire pour en savoir d’avantage. [HP and Metafilter via The Daily What] Faber Finds and Cool Covers Faber Finds is a new list of POD (Print on Demand) titles from Faber the distinguished London publisher which revives titles buried in their extensive list of out of print titles. It is a very impressive list with many attractive authors and subjects. The motto of the series is 'Bringing Great Writing Back into Print.' I bet it will do that well and lead to steady sales from their long tail (there is more meat in the Faber long tail than most). And clearly a good deal of thought has gone into the project. "to help with the design of a software system to generate complete & print ready book covers for their new imprint.... the task given was to build a “design machine” which would be flexible enough to generate a very large (theoretically infinite) number of unique designs, one for each single book ever printed in this range...." Some publishers are worried that Google may usurp the publishers role.

The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information"[1] is one of the most highly cited papers in psychology.[2][3][4] It was published in 1956 by the cognitive psychologist George A. Miller of Princeton University's Department of Psychology in Psychological Review. It is often interpreted to argue that the number of objects an average human can hold in working memory is 7 ± 2. This is frequently referred to as Miller's Law. Miller's article[edit] In his article, Miller discussed a coincidence between the limits of one-dimensional absolute judgment and the limits of short-term memory. Miller recognized that the correspondence between the limits of one-dimensional absolute judgment and of short-term memory span was only a coincidence, because only the first limit, not the second, can be characterized in information-theoretic terms (i.e., as a roughly constant number of bits). The "magical number 7" and working memory capacity[edit]

Quand les applications s'ajustent à l'environnement du PC Pour optimiser l'utilisation des mobiles et des ordinateurs portables en voyage, le projet Music propose un middleware qui adapte les applications au niveau de batterie et au type de réseau capté. Aujourd’hui des programmes comme Outlook permettent de ne télécharger que le sujet et l’expéditeur des emails sans les documents attachés lorsque la connexion est trop faible, en particulier en situation de mobilité", explique à L’Atelier Geir Horn de Sintef ICT. "Le problème c’est qu’il faut les programmer systématiquement et manuellement". Difficile dans ces conditions de travailler de manière optimale en mode nomade. La solution pourrait bien tenir dans un logiciel développé dans le cadre du projet européen Music que dirige Sintef. "L’objectif est de proposer un middleware qui lirait différentes variables, comme le niveau de batterie ou le type de connexion auquel le mobile ou le portable accède", explique le chercheur norvégien.

Escritores.org - Recursos para escritores Alan Turing - a short biography This short biography, based on the entry for the written in 1995 for the Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Biography, gives an overview of Alan Turing's life and work. It can be read as s summary of my book Alan Turing: The Enigma. 1. The Origins of Alan Turing Alan Mathison Turing was born on 23 June 1912, the second and last child (after his brother John) of Julius Mathison and Ethel Sara Turing. The unusual name of Turing placed him in a distinctive family tree of English gentry, far from rich but determinedly upper-middle-class in the peculiar sense of the English class system. In four inadequate words Alan Turing appears now as the founder of computer science, the originator of the dominant technology of the late twentieth century, but these words were not spoken in his own lifetime, and he may yet be seen in a different light in the future. The name of Turing was best known for the work of Julius' brother H. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. His work on the morphogenetic theory continued.

Les fourmis affinent la prise de décision militaire Un logiciel imitant le comportement des fourmis permet aux commandements militaires de définir la stratégie optimale. Basée sur un jeu commercial, le simulateur permet de déterminer les déplacements des troupes sur le champ de bataille. Pour rendre plus efficaces les déplacements des troupes militaires, les chercheurs de l'université de Grenade se sont inspirés des fourmis. Ils ont mis au point un logiciel imitant les mécanismes utilisés par les insectes pour arriver jusqu’à leur source d’alimentation.

Red Mundial de Escritores en Español: REMES Vidéothèque CNRS : Turing Model (The) Sales and Loans Registration is required in order to use the shopping cart to buy or borrow films (click on the Registration tab “Sign-In”). Sales Films in DVD or VHS Pal video format are sold for private domestic use or institutional use. Shipping costs (tapes and DVDs) - France: 2.50 € VAT-free (3.00 € VAT inc.) for the first item + 1.00 € VAT-free (1.20 € VAT inc.) for each additional item - Europe: 3.33 € VAT-free (4.00 € VAT inc.) for the first item + 1.25 € VAT-free (1.50 € VAT inc.) for each additional item - All other countries: 5.00 € VAT-free (6.00 € VAT inc.) for the first item + 1.66 € VAT-free (2.00 € VAT inc.) for each additional item - Shipping via Colissimo or Chronopost: costs will be based on current charges for these services. Payment may be made by- bank transfer contact us - credit card (Carte Bleue, Visa, Mastercard, e-Carte Bleue) Loans Films may be lent only for institutional or professional use. Fines and Overdue Charges

La voiture apprend de son conducteur pour mieux l'assister Drivsco cherche à comprendre les habitudes d'un automobiliste afin d'identifier rapidement quand celui-ci a un comportement inhabituel, et de pouvoir l'alerter. Un système particulièrement adapté à la conduite de nuit. Dans le but d'améliorer la conduite nocturne, le projet Drivsco* avait déjà mis au point un système combinant puce et caméras infrarouge capable d'affiner l'acuité visuelle. Il souhaite maintenant aider les conducteurs à rester concentrés au volant. Et pour cela, il a développé un dispositif qui apprend du comportement de l'utilisateur pour l'assister de manière personnalisée. Et donc repérer les situations où ce dernier présente un comportement inhabituel.

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