Neuroscientists reveal magicians' secrets - Technology & science - Science - LiveScience NEW YORK — There is a place for magic in science. Five years ago, on a trip to Las Vegas, neuroscientists Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde realized that a partnership was in order with a profession that has an older and more intuitive understanding of how the human brain works. Magicians, it seems, have an advantage over neuroscientists. "Scientists have only studied cognitive illusions for a few decades. Magicians have studied them for hundreds, if not thousands, of years," Martinez-Conde told the audience during a recent presentation here at the New York Academy of Sciences. [ Video: Your Brain on Magic ] She and Macknik, her husband, use illusions as a tool to study how the brain works. After their epiphany in Las Vegas, where they were preparing for a conference on consciousness, the duo, who both direct laboratories at the Barrow Neurological Institute in Arizona, teamed up with magicians to learn just how they harness the foibles of our brains. Most popular
Memoria para el futuro Un cierto número de estudios recientes muestran que imaginar el futuro se basa en los mismos mecanismos neuronales que se usan para recordar el pasado. Estos hallazgos conducen a un concepto denominado como “el cerebro prospectivo”: la idea de que una función crucial del cerebro es utilizar información almacenada para imaginar, simular y predecir posibles eventos futuros. El estudio de la memoria se ha centrado tradicionalmente en el pasado y se han identificado las estructuras, especialmente el hipocampo, que son el sustrato de esta capacidad. Pero hay una función de la memoria que se ha pasado por alto que es su papel para permitirnos imaginar eventos futuros. El primer artículo en aparecer sobre este tema es uno de 1985 de D.H.Ingvar “Memory for the future” del que he tomado el título para esta entrada. Pero vamos a adentrarnos un poco por este camino y vais a ver la posible relación de todo esto con la conciencia. Referencias: Daniel L Schacter y Donna Rose Addis.
COCD | Training en advies in creatief denken en creativiteit The fine dopamine line between creativity and schizophrenia | Sc New research shows a possible explanation for the link between mental health and creativity. By studying receptors in the brain, researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have managed to show that the dopamine system in healthy, highly creative people is similar in some respects to that seen in people with schizophrenia. High creative skills have been shown to be somewhat more common in people who have mental illness in the family. Creativity is also linked to a slightly higher risk of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Certain psychological traits, such as the ability to make unusual pr bizarre associations are also shared by schizophrenics and healthy, highly creative people. "The study shows that highly creative people who did well on the divergent tests had a lower density of D2 receptors in the thalamus than less creative people," says Dr Ullén.
Neuromarketing Neuromarketing is a new field of marketing research that studies consumers' sensorimotor, cognitive, and affective response to marketing stimuli. Researchers use technologies such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure changes in activity in parts of the brain, electroencephalography (EEG) and Steady state topography (SST) to measure activity in specific regional spectra of the brain response, and/or sensors to measure changes in one's physiological state, also known as biometrics, including (heart rate and respiratory rate, galvanic skin response) to learn why consumers make the decisions they do, and what part of the brain is telling them to do it. Neuromarketing research raised interest for both academic and business side. In fact, certain companies, particularly those with large-scale goals, have invested in their own laboratories, science personnel and / or partnerships with academia.  The word "neuromarketing" was coined by Ale Smidts in 2002. Coke vs.
neurociencias Redes 136: «Cómo construimos los recuerdos». Fecha de emisión: 09/12/2012. ¿Podemos fiarnos de nuestros recuerdos? Un aroma, una frase, una imagen es lo que suele quedarse grabado en nuestra memoria, pero el contexto, el resto de circunstancias que visten ese recuerdo es, en gran parte, producto de nuestra imaginación. En este programa de Redes, el neurocientífico Martin Conway explica a Eduard Punset cómo lo real y lo ficticio se mezclan en nuestra mente para construir nuestros recuerdos y, a su vez, nuestra identidad. Y en su sección, Elsa Punset nos muestra cómo la identidad no es un rasgo inmutable, sino algo que podemos modelar. Descarga la transcripción de la entrevista.Descárgate el programa en formato MP3, MP4 o M4V.Consulta otros horarios de emisión de Redes.
Scientists extract images directly from brain ::: Pink Tentacle Researchers from Japan's ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories have developed new brain analysis technology that can reconstruct the images inside a person's mind and display them on a computer monitor, it was announced on December 11. According to the researchers, further development of the technology may soon make it possible to view other people's dreams while they sleep. The scientists were able to reconstruct various images viewed by a person by analyzing changes in their cerebral blood flow. Then, when the test subjects were shown a completely new set of images, such as the letters N-E-U-R-O-N, the system was able to reconstruct and display what the test subjects were viewing based solely on their brain activity. For now, the system is only able to reproduce simple black-and-white images. "These results are a breakthrough in terms of understanding brain activity," says Dr. The research results appear in the December 11 issue of US science journal Neuron. [Source: Chunichi]
BCNeurociencia : "Haikus, origami y neurociencia"...