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CPS (Creative Problem Solving) model

CPS (Creative Problem Solving) model
Notes from Gary Davis's Creativity is Forever - 1998 Kendall Hunt The strategy originally was formulated by Alex Osborn (1963), creator of brainstorming, founder of the Creative Education Foundation (CEF) and co-founder of a highly successful New York advertising agency. Sidney Parnes, a bright and creative person who followed Osborn as President of CEF, invested nearly 40 years teaching creativity workshops and course and thinking about the creative process. The model is usually presented as five steps, but sometimes a preliminary step is added called mess-finding which involves locating a challenge or problem to which to apply the model. The total six stages are: Mess-finding (Objective Finding) Fact-finding Problem-Finding Idea-finding Solution finding (Idea evaluation) Acceptance-finding (Idea implementation) The steps guide the creative process. The Osborne-Parnes Creative Problem Solving Process Notes from the CPSI 1998 brochure. Some suggestions for activities at the various stages:

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What is critical thinking I’m typing away the pain tonight so I aim to be a bit crappy and annoyed. I often read on various websites, blogs, mailing lists and other propaganda (yes, this blog is propaganda: look it up) that this or that person or organisation is devoted to “critical thinking” and “rational thinking”. Obviously these are noble goals and imply that their views are the result of critical thinking and rationality. It’s often a trick, though. What they seem to mean by that is that they have a set of views that are baptised as critical and rational. Economies Of Scale Definition Diseconomies of scale is an economic concept referring to a situation in which economies of scale no longer functions for a firm. With this principle, rather than experiencing continued decreasing costs and increasing output, a firm sees an increase in marginal costs when output is increased. Diseconomies of scale can occur for various of reasons, but the root cause usually comes from the difficulty of managing an increasingly large workforce. BREAKING DOWN 'Diseconomies Of Scale'

7 Apps to Help You Achieve Your Goals and Build New Habits Hopefully, by now you have written goals for this next year. If not, my new course, 5 Days to Your Best Year Ever, can guide you through the process. Photo courtesy of Shutterstock/Lonely But as much as I believe in having a set of written goals, it is not enough. You have to take action and then systematically measure your progress. Fortunately, there are numerous apps designed for just this purpose. 3 Things That Successful Entrepreneurs Know About Data “Data is valuable!” “Capture the data!” “Monetize the data!” “Don’t share the data!” We've all been told to collect as much data as we can, and we've complied. But what what do we do, now that we are up to our eyeballs in data?

One-Third of Employers Say Their Talent Pipeline Is Weak, According to Lee Hecht Harrison Study SOURCE: Lee Hecht Harrison WOODCLIFF LAKE, NJ--(Marketwired - March 17, 2015) - A new US study of nearly 400 employers by Lee Hecht Harrison, a global talent mobility consulting firm, has identified that 33% of employers perceive their talent pipeline to be poor or non-existent. Only 4% reported their talent pipeline to be excellent. In the study, employers were asked, "Looking ahead our talent pipeline is:" Clarification - Communication Skills In communication, clarification involves offering back to the speaker the essential meaning, as understood by the listener, of what they have just said. Thereby checking that the listener's understanding is correct and resolving any areas of confusion or misunderstanding. Clarification is important in many situations especially when what is being communicated is difficult in some way. Communication can be 'difficult' for many reasons, perhaps sensitive emotions are being discussed - or you are listening to some complex information or following instructions. This page provides dialogue and examples of clarification and how you can use this simple technique to improve your communication skills. The purpose of clarification is to:

Why Walmart Is Like a Forest The story of Wal-Mart Stores Inc.’s growth from a chain of small, rural discount stores to its current position as the world’s largest retailer and private employer is the stuff of business legend. Analysts cite numerous reasons for the company’s growth, ranging from its logistical prowess and the entrepreneurial genius of founder Sam Walton to predatory pricing and the abuse of labor laws. But a cause of Walmart’s success that one rarely sees advanced is that of the firm’s roots in rural Arkansas, and the disciplines imposed on the fledgling business by that challenging context. To understand this, it’s helpful to think of Walmart as an ecosystem, like a forest, and track the company’s growth from its small beginnings to large-scale maturity. In addition, the forest analogy gives us insight into the process of organizational renewal — a challenge that faces many corporations and institutions in the West. You can see the same dynamics at work in Walmart’s early years.

Implementing a Leadership Development Program for Your Business - Leadership development is a systematic approach to expanding the performance capability of individuals in leadership roles within your organization. And like any approach, it's not achieved through a single stage or step but rather through a journey. This journey is the process of leadership development.There is no single best way to lead. Synectics Creativity articles > Synectics So what is Synectics? | Headlining and in-out listening | The problem owner | Springboarding | Excursions | See also Around the same time in the 1940s that Alex Osborn was developing brainstorming, W. J. J.