Abraham Maslow Abraham Harold Maslow (/ˈmæzloʊ/; April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization. Maslow was a psychology professor at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research and Columbia University. He stressed the importance of focusing on the positive qualities in people, as opposed to treating them as a "bag of symptoms." A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Maslow as the tenth most cited psychologist of the 20th century. Biography Youth Born and raised in Brooklyn, New York, Maslow was the oldest of seven children and was classed as "mentally unstable" by a psychologist. College and university Academic career He continued his research at Columbia University, on similar themes. Death Legacy
Peter Throckmorton - Institute of Nautical Archaeology by George Bass Adapted from the Summer 1990 INA Newsletter, Volume 17, No. 2 Peter Throckmorton made more than an enormous impact on our field of nautical archaeology. In many ways he invented it. Every inventor comes along at just that moment in time when the pioneers who preceded him or her have brought the state of the art up to a level where it is ready for the next jump. Although I, as representative of the University Museum, was appointed director of the ensuing excavation, and soon learned to dive, it was Peter who organized the excavation and put together the team, thereby introducing me to INA directors Nixon Griffis and Claude Duthuit, and the late Joan du Plat Taylor, founding editor of the International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. Peter and I never worked together after that summer, but we stayed in touch. I hope that Peter's family realizes what enormous contributions he made to the fields of nautical archaeology and sea history.
Inland Seas Worth Seeing: The 10 Most Amazing Lakes There’s a lot to like about lakes. Big lakes, tiny lakes, freshwater lakes, briny lakes… and more than a few that are one-of-a-kind natural wonders. These 10 amazing lakes “shore” are special; inland seas that are truly sights to see! Jellyfish Lake, Palau (images via: Ah Boon) Most people first learned about Jellyfish Lake while watching Survivor: Palau or Survivor: Micronesia, in which a trip to swim in a secluded lake full of stingless jellyfish was the prize for winning a reward challenge. Diving Jelly Fish Lake in Palau, via Talk.pa (image via: ECheng) Millions of jellyfish live in the lake, subsisting via a symbiotic relationship with algae they host within their bodies. Mono Lake, California, USA (images via: Art.com, Earth From Space and E.J.Peiker) Mono Lake, located near the California-Nevada border east of Yosemite Nat’l Park, is superlative in a great many ways. (image via: The Living Moon) Diego de la Haya, Costa Rica (image via: Sanchiri) Lake Nyos, Cameroon Lake Baikal, Russia
Henry David Thoreau Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and Yankee attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs. Pronunciation of his name Physical appearance Thoreau had a distinctive appearance, with a nose that he called "my most prominent feature His face, once seen, could not be forgotten. Life
George F. Bass - Institute of Nautical Archaeology Although he began reading everything he could find on diving at an early age, and had more books about the underwater world than about archaeology even when he was a graduate student, George Bass never dreamed that he would ever dive. Certainly not that one day he would receive the Historical Diving Society's Pioneer Award. His diving began in 1960, shortly after he began doctoral studies in classical archaeology at the University of Pennsylvania. He already had an M.A. in Near Eastern archaeology from The Johns Hopkins University, and between 1955 and 1957 had attended the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, where he gained field experience by assisting on preclassical terrestrial excavations in Greece and Turkey. George concluded that the ship, which sank around 1200 B.C. with a cargo of copper and tin ingots, and scrap bronze, was Near Eastern in origin. In 1984, George began excavating a ship lost around 1300 B.C. at Uluburun, Turkey.
Restricted-Range Fishes and the Conservation of Brazilian Freshwaters Background Freshwaters are the most threatened ecosystems on earth. Although recent assessments provide data on global priority regions for freshwater conservation, local scale priorities remain unknown. Refining the scale of global biodiversity assessments (both at terrestrial and freshwater realms) and translating these into conservation priorities on the ground remains a major challenge to biodiversity science, and depends directly on species occurrence data of high taxonomic and geographic resolution. Brazil harbors the richest freshwater ichthyofauna in the world, but knowledge on endemic areas and conservation in Brazilian rivers is still scarce. Methodology/Principal Findings Using data on environmental threats and revised species distribution data we detect and delineate 540 small watershed areas harboring 819 restricted-range fishes in Brazil. Conclusions/Significance Figures Editor: Brian Gratwicke, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, United States of America Introduction
Carl Sagan Carl Edward Sagan (/ˈseɪɡən/; November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences. He is best known for his work as a science popularizer and communicator. His best known scientific contribution is research on extraterrestrial life, including experimental demonstration of the production of amino acids from basic chemicals by radiation. Sagan assembled the first physical messages sent into space: the Pioneer plaque and the Voyager Golden Record, universal messages that could potentially be understood by any extraterrestrial intelligence that might find them. Sagan argued the now accepted hypothesis that the high surface temperatures of Venus can be attributed to and calculated using the greenhouse effect. Early life My parents were not scientists. 1939 World's Fair World War II Inquisitiveness about nature
Honor Frost | The Honor Frost Foundation 28 October, 1917- 12 September 2010 ©INA – Image by Peter Throckmorton in Bodrum and provided by George Bass Honor Frost was an early pioneer in the field of underwater archaeology. Born in Cyprus in 1917 she became the ward of the London solicitor Wilfred Evill after the death of her parents. Her love of diving started off in a Wimbledon garden when she submerged herself into a ‘well’ as a young woman, as described in her first book ‘Under the Mediterranean’ (1959). Early Years She studied at the Central School of Art in London and the Ruskin School of Art in Oxford and later worked as a designer for the Ballet Rambert and was director of publications at the Tate Gallery. early underwater photography Maritime Archaeology Anchor at the Temple of the Obelisks, Byblos Honor Frost Bequest In keeping with her love of the Mediterranean, she acquired a house in Malta as her second home, but when in London she lived in her Marylebone house, inherited from Wilfred Evill.
+ Pool: Kickstarter Antoine de Saint-Exupéry Prior to the war, Saint-Exupéry had achieved fame in France as an aviator. His literary works – among them The Little Prince, translated into 300 languages and dialects – posthumously boosted his stature to national hero status in France. He earned further widespread recognition with international translations of his other works. His 1939 philosophical memoir Wind, Sand and Stars (Terre des hommes in French) became the name of an international humanitarian group, and was also used to create the central theme of the most successful world's fair of the 20th century, Expo 67 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Youth and aviation Birthplace of Saint-Exupéry in the Presqu'île section of Lyon, on the street now named after him, in blue at lower left. Saint-Exupéry was born in Lyon to an aristocratic Catholic family that could trace its lineage back several centuries. Writing career Desert crash American and Canadian sojourn and The Little Prince Return to war
Keith Muckelroy Keith Muckelroy (1951-1980) was a pioneer of maritime archaeology. The impact of his thinking and seminal publications on the field of maritime archaeology, both past and present, is remarkable, especially when considering that his tragic death at age 29 due to a diving accident in 1980 came only six years after his graduation from the Department of Archaeology at Cambridge, and only nine years after he learned to dive. Instead of the traditional particularist or historiographic approach used by maritime archaeologists, Muckelroy's ideas were new to the field, influenced by the prehistoric and analytical archaeology he learned under Grahame Clark and David Clarke at Cambridge, the tenets of processual archaeology gaining traction in the U.S., and his own experiences on shipwreck sites in British waters, notably the 1664 Dutch East Indiaman Kennemerland, several Spanish Armada wrecks, and the Mary Rose. Research, theories, and publications The Keith Muckelroy Award
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