Jacques-Yves Cousteau AC (French: [ʒak iv kusto]; commonly known in English as Jacques Cousteau; 11 June 1910 – 25 June 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. He co-developed the Aqua-Lung, pioneered marine conservation and was a member of the Académie française. Biography "The sea, the great unifier, is man's only hope. Jacques Cousteau Early years Cousteau was born on 11 June 1910, in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Gironde, France to Daniel and Élisabeth Cousteau. In Toulon, where he was serving on the Condorcet, Cousteau carried out his first underwater experiments, thanks to his friend Philippe Tailliez who in 1936 lent him some Fernez underwater goggles, predecessors of modern swimming goggles. Cousteau also belonged to the information service of the French Navy, and was sent on missions to Shanghai and Japan (1935–1938) and in the USSR (1939).
Related: 80/20 Collective
• famous archaeologists
Abraham MaslowAbraham Harold Maslow (/ˈmæzloʊ/; April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization. Maslow was a psychology professor at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research and Columbia University. He stressed the importance of focusing on the positive qualities in people, as opposed to treating them as a "bag of symptoms." A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Maslow as the tenth most cited psychologist of the 20th century. Biography Youth Born and raised in Brooklyn, New York, Maslow was the oldest of seven children and was classed as "mentally unstable" by a psychologist. College and university Academic career He continued his research at Columbia University, on similar themes. Death Legacy
Peter Throckmorton - Institute of Nautical Archaeologyby George Bass Adapted from the Summer 1990 INA Newsletter, Volume 17, No. 2 Peter Throckmorton made more than an enormous impact on our field of nautical archaeology. In many ways he invented it. Every inventor comes along at just that moment in time when the pioneers who preceded him or her have brought the state of the art up to a level where it is ready for the next jump. Although I, as representative of the University Museum, was appointed director of the ensuing excavation, and soon learned to dive, it was Peter who organized the excavation and put together the team, thereby introducing me to INA directors Nixon Griffis and Claude Duthuit, and the late Joan du Plat Taylor, founding editor of the International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. Peter and I never worked together after that summer, but we stayed in touch. I hope that Peter's family realizes what enormous contributions he made to the fields of nautical archaeology and sea history.
Inland Seas Worth Seeing: The 10 Most Amazing LakesThere’s a lot to like about lakes. Big lakes, tiny lakes, freshwater lakes, briny lakes… and more than a few that are one-of-a-kind natural wonders. These 10 amazing lakes “shore” are special; inland seas that are truly sights to see! Jellyfish Lake, Palau (images via: Ah Boon) Most people first learned about Jellyfish Lake while watching Survivor: Palau or Survivor: Micronesia, in which a trip to swim in a secluded lake full of stingless jellyfish was the prize for winning a reward challenge. Diving Jelly Fish Lake in Palau, via Talk.pa (image via: ECheng) Millions of jellyfish live in the lake, subsisting via a symbiotic relationship with algae they host within their bodies. Mono Lake, California, USA (images via: Art.com, Earth From Space and E.J.Peiker) Mono Lake, located near the California-Nevada border east of Yosemite Nat’l Park, is superlative in a great many ways. (image via: The Living Moon) Diego de la Haya, Costa Rica (image via: Sanchiri) Lake Nyos, Cameroon Lake Baikal, Russia
Dive Gear | Scuba Diving Equipment | Deep Blue DiveHenry David ThoreauThoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and Yankee attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs. Pronunciation of his name Physical appearance Thoreau had a distinctive appearance, with a nose that he called "my most prominent feature His face, once seen, could not be forgotten. Life
George F. Bass - Institute of Nautical ArchaeologyAlthough he began reading everything he could find on diving at an early age, and had more books about the underwater world than about archaeology even when he was a graduate student, George Bass never dreamed that he would ever dive. Certainly not that one day he would receive the Historical Diving Society's Pioneer Award. His diving began in 1960, shortly after he began doctoral studies in classical archaeology at the University of Pennsylvania. He already had an M.A. in Near Eastern archaeology from The Johns Hopkins University, and between 1955 and 1957 had attended the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, where he gained field experience by assisting on preclassical terrestrial excavations in Greece and Turkey. George concluded that the ship, which sank around 1200 B.C. with a cargo of copper and tin ingots, and scrap bronze, was Near Eastern in origin. In 1984, George began excavating a ship lost around 1300 B.C. at Uluburun, Turkey.
Restricted-Range Fishes and the Conservation of Brazilian FreshwatersBackground Freshwaters are the most threatened ecosystems on earth. Although recent assessments provide data on global priority regions for freshwater conservation, local scale priorities remain unknown. Refining the scale of global biodiversity assessments (both at terrestrial and freshwater realms) and translating these into conservation priorities on the ground remains a major challenge to biodiversity science, and depends directly on species occurrence data of high taxonomic and geographic resolution. Brazil harbors the richest freshwater ichthyofauna in the world, but knowledge on endemic areas and conservation in Brazilian rivers is still scarce. Methodology/Principal Findings Using data on environmental threats and revised species distribution data we detect and delineate 540 small watershed areas harboring 819 restricted-range fishes in Brazil. Conclusions/Significance Figures Editor: Brian Gratwicke, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, United States of America Introduction
Kirby MorganCarl SaganCarl Edward Sagan (/ˈseɪɡən/; November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences. He is best known for his work as a science popularizer and communicator. His best known scientific contribution is research on extraterrestrial life, including experimental demonstration of the production of amino acids from basic chemicals by radiation. Sagan assembled the first physical messages sent into space: the Pioneer plaque and the Voyager Golden Record, universal messages that could potentially be understood by any extraterrestrial intelligence that might find them. Sagan argued the now accepted hypothesis that the high surface temperatures of Venus can be attributed to and calculated using the greenhouse effect. Early life My parents were not scientists. 1939 World's Fair World War II Inquisitiveness about nature