Plagiarism - Famous examples of plagiarism Plagiarism, as defined in the 1995 Random House Compact Unabridged Dictionary, is the "use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work." Within academia, plagiarism by students, professors, or researchers is considered academic dishonesty or academic fraud and offenders are subject to academic censure, up to and including expulsion. In journalism, plagiarism is considered a breach of journalistic ethics, and reporters caught plagiarizing typically face disciplinary measures ranging from suspension to termination of employment. Some individuals caught plagiarizing in academic or journalistic contexts claim that they plagiarized unintentionally, by failing to include quotations or give the appropriate citation. Plagiarism is not the same as copyright infringement. Academic dishonesty: Academic dishonesty or academic misconduct is any type of cheating that occurs in relation to a formal academic exercise.
A dozen ways to teach ethical and safe technology use From the draft of my Survival Skills book: A dozen ways to teach and promote ethical and safe technology use Responsible teachers recognize that schools must give students the understandings and skills they need to stay safe not just in school, but outside of school where most Internet use by young people occurs. Teachers who address safe and ethical Internet use proactively: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Will doing those things guarantee that a student will never get in trouble or danger online? Ethical instruction needs to be on going. * Johnson’s 3 P’s of Technology Ethics: Privacy - I will protect my privacy and respect the privacy of others.Property - I will protect my property and respect the property of others.a(P)propriate Use - I will use technology in constructive ways and in ways which do not break the rules of my family, church, school, or government. Image source:
Teaching Guide: Dealing with Plagiarism As access to documents on the World Wide Web has grown, the issue of plagiarism and the enforcement of the consequences for academic dishonesty have become important concerns for writing teachers and teachers who use writing in their courses. This guide can help you deal with the concept of plagiarism before it becomes an issue in your classroom as well as deal with enforcing its consequences if the situation should occur. Tutorial Home Page: How to Recognize Plagiarism, School of Education, Indiana University at Bloomington Choose between New and Old Tutorials We have recently improved instruction in the Plagiarism Tutorial and Tests. Make Your Choice Click or touch a link below. Note: You can return to the old tutorial at any time, by clicking on the link in the footer on any page in the new tutorial. Tutorial Home: Welcome! The academic community highly values the acknowledgment of contributions to knowledge. When you properly acknowledge the contributions to knowledge made by other people, you are showing respect for their work. Thus, avoiding plagiarism is important -- both in writing and speaking. This tutorial is divided into sections: The Indiana University Definition Overview: when and how to give credit; recommendations; decision flowchart Plagiarism Cases: links to Web sites describing real plagiarism cases Examples: word-for-word and paraphrasing plagiarism -- 5 examples each, followed by 15 patterns of plagiarism and 3 patterns of non-plagiarism. Credits Notes Next Page
Teaching Ethical Behavior in the Global World of Information and the New AASL Standards, School Library Media Activities Monthly, 2008-Dec The American Association of School Librarians "Standards for the 21st Century Learner" (2007) expresses nine fundamental common beliefs. One of these beliefs is that "ethical behavior in the use of information must be taught" (AASL 2007, 1). It is important for library media specialists to understand that teaching ethical behavior is much more than teaching students about plagiarism. In this article, the author focuses on the explanation of ethical principles as well as steps, learning activities, and tools to assist upper elementary through high school library media specialists and content teachers in teaching ethical behavior in the global world of information and the new AASL standards. The learning tasks are focused on problem solving in realistic situations rather than just learning bodies of content. This approach is inspired by the writing of Richard J. Libraries Unlimited.
Plagiarism You have something in common with the smartest people in the world. You see, everyone has ideas. We use our minds to create something original, whether it’s a poem, a drawing, a song, or a scientific paper. Some of the most important ideas are published and make it into books, journals, newspapers and trustworthy websites that become the building blocks for things we all learn. But ideas are also very personal, and we need dependable ways to keep track of the people behind the ideas we use because they deserve credit for their contribution, just as you do if someone uses your idea. Passing off another person’s ideas or words as your own, without credit, is called plagiarism. Meet Cassie, a university student. She’s not the kind of person who would plagiarize by turning in someone else’s work, but she is aware that plagiarism can happen accidentally, so she follows some basic rules: Second, she’s careful to use only her own words when she’s not quoting directly.
Plagiarism Theme Page Plagiarism Theme Page This "Theme Page" has links to information about Plagiarism. Students and teachers will find curricular resources (information, content...) and reference materials to help them learn about this topic. [An] Antidote to Plagiarism A lesson and activity that will show grade 5-10 students how to write a research paper without copying. Anti-Plagiarism Strategies for Research Papers The author offers strategies that teachers can adopt to combat plagiarism including specific suggestions for becoming more aware, prevention, and detection. Avoiding Plagiarism Brought to you by Purdue University Online Writing Lab, this handout provides a succinct description of how students can avoid plagiarism. Articles and News Plagiarism.com, a commerical deterrent/detection service, offer links to 20 articles that have appeared in the news media/on the Internet. Cut-and-Paste Plagiarism: Preventing, Detecting and Tracking Online Plagiarism LM_Net FAQ On Plagiarism Plagiarism and the Web
Proper Internet Use | Tools for Teaching Cyber Ethics Everyone knows someone who has commited a cyber crime. Perhaps you downloaded a song you shouldn't have or maybe somebody else's research was a little more helpful than it should have been. Students are no different and the temptation to commit cyber crimes exists in every school. Are our schools filled with budding cyber criminals unaware of the consequences of their online activities? Should educators scramble to institute a formal cyber ethics curriculum? Or should schools ban the use of the Internet? High School Student Arrested for Online Investment Fraud A 14-year-old recently purchased inexpensive stocks, lied about their potential value in an investment chat room, and reaped hundreds of thousands of dollars when other investors bought his lies -- and the stocks! Poll Reveals Kids Think Hacking Is OK! Cyber Ethics Conference Convened in Maryland! FBI Calls for Cyber Ethics Curriculum! Is cyber crime an epidemic? Crystal should know.
Simple thoughts about fair use Copyright is not an absolute. Potato chips are absolute. If this is my potato chip, then it's not yours. There is a yin to the yang of copyright protection, and it's called Fair Use. Without fair use, it would be impossible to write a negative book review, or compare Shakespeare to the Simpsons. Most web users should know a few simple guidelines, principles so simple that you can generally assume them to be rules. You don't need to ask someone's permission to include a link to their site.You don't need to ask permission to include a screen shot of a website in a directory, comment on that site or parody it.You can quote hundreds of words from a book (for an article or book or on your website) without worrying about it and you certainly don't need a signed release from the original author or publisher. There's a difference between being polite and observing the law. PS as soon as you make something and fix it in a tangible form, you own the copyright in it.
Plagiarism In The Classroom For avoiding plagiarism lesson plans … ReadWriteThink provides teachers with a lesson plan for instructing students on the definition of plagiarism, the importance of citing sources, acceptable methods for paraphrasing and more. Literacy Matters has an article for teachers on developing the online research skills of students. In the paraphrasing section toward the bottom, readers will find links to six sites with teacher-specific information on teaching plagiarism avoidance. The Alpine School District offers a sample lesson plan on taking notes that includes a section on avoiding plagiarism. The New York Times presents a lesson plan about avoiding unintentional plagiarism for 6th through 8th graders. Northern Valley Regional High School provides lesson plans for 8th through 12th graders about plagiarism, with links and materials included. Acadia University has a slide show about plagiarism made for college students but applicable to middle and high school students.
referenceandinformationresources / Plagiarism Resources Tutorials: Two brief videos from ABC News (one focuses on the videos available on YouTube that "teach" cheating): From Connect with Kids: High Tech Cheating A brief video and article (August 18th, 2010) Free Online Plagiarism Detection Tools: Bowman, V. (2004). NY: Neal-Schuman. Callahan, D. (2004). Orlando: Harcourt. Harris, R. (2004). Lathrop, A., & Foss, K. (2000). Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited. from cheating and plagiarism to honesty and integrity: Strategies for change. Libraries Unlimited. McKenzie, J. (1998). age. McKenzie, J. (2002). Minkel, W. (2002). Johnson, D. (2004) Plagiarism proofing assignments. Johnson is also the author of Learning Right from Wrong in the Digital Age: An Ethics Guide for Parents, Teachers, Librarians and Others who Care About Computer-Using Young People. Noodle Tools. (2006). template for a plagiarism policy and ways to teach notetaking. Pope, D.C. (2001). miseducated students. Big Nerds
The Plagiarism Resource Site « Welcome About Plagiarism: Plagiarism is the misrepresentation of authorship. Typically, words and ideas conceived by one person are attributed to another person. Plagiarism is a form of intellectual theft or fraud and it undermines the intellectual economy that values ideas, words, and understanding. In the most common form of plagiarism, one author’s words are inserted verbatim in the work of a second author, without quotation, acknowledgement, or attribution. Plagiarism is not a black-and-white issue because many of our ideas and words derive from those of others, and what constitutes true intellectual theft or fraud often involves some degree of subjectivity. What this Site Provides: Software for Detecting Plagiarism WCopyfind is an open source windows-based program that explores a collection of documents, looking for matching language. Thoughts and Ideas about Plagiarism, Education, and Society Links to Other Web Sites Dealing with Plagiarism
resources :: CyberPlagiarism The following is an example of how search engines can be utilized to detect plagiarism. Note, however, that detecting plagiarism using only a search engine is not an effective method in all cases. Much of the internet (estimates range from 60% - 80%) is not indexed by traditional search engines such as Google. These sites are often termed the invisible or deep web. Sites that are included in this category are database driven sites, which generate site content according to the users request. Nonetheless, checking a number of search engines is a free and easy method of determining plagiarism in many cases. Example of plagiarism from BigNerds.com paper One of the many free paper mills that can be found online is BigNerds.com. First, let's choose a distinctive phrase from the paper. Searching Google for this excerpt as a phrase (ie. in quotation marks): generated only 13 results, with the appropriate BigNerd essay leading the list. For more information...