Rhizome (philosophy) "As a model for culture, the rhizome resists the organizational structure of the root-tree system which charts causality along chronological lines and looks for the original source of 'things' and looks towards the pinnacle or conclusion of those 'things.' A rhizome, on the other hand, is characterized by 'ceaselessly established connections between semiotic chains, organizations of power, and circumstances relative to the arts, sciences, and social struggles.' Rather than narrativize history and culture, the rhizome presents history and culture as a map or wide array of attractions and influences with no specific origin or genesis, for a 'rhizome has no beginning or end; it is always in the middle, between things, interbeing, intermezzo.' "In this model, culture spreads like the surface of a body of water, spreading towards available spaces or trickling downwards towards new spaces through fissures and gaps, eroding what is in its way. Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. 1980.
Graham Harman Graham Harman (born May 9, 1968) is a professor at the American University in Cairo, Egypt. He is a contemporary philosopher of metaphysics, who attempts to reverse the linguistic turn of Western philosophy. Harman is associated with Speculative Realism in philosophy, which was the name of a workshop that also included the philosophers Ray Brassier, Iain Hamilton Grant, and Quentin Meillassoux. Biography Thought Central to Harman's philosophy is the idea that real objects are inexhaustible: "A police officer eating a banana reduces this fruit to a present-at-hand profile of its elusive depth, as do a monkey eating the same banana, a parasite infecting it, or a gust of wind blowing it from a tree. Harman defines real objects as inaccessible and infinitely withdrawn from all relations and then puzzles over how such objects can be accessed or enter into relations: "by definition, there is no direct access to real objects. Bibliography See also References
Kigali Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Kigali (ki-, préfixe bantou; -gali, étendue) est la capitale du Rwanda et le centre économique et administratif du pays. Sa population est d'environ un million d'habitants. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Kigali fut fondée en 1907 pendant la colonisation allemande par Richard Kandt, à l'époque où la capitale traditionnelle du Rwanda était le siège du Mwami (roi) à Nyanza, alors que le centre colonial était à Butare, alors appelé Astrida. Le 6 avril 1994, Kigali fut le théâtre de l'attentat contre l'avion du président Juvénal Habyarimana, qui fut l'événement déclencheur du génocide rwandais, lequel a tué 800 000 personnes dont 300.000 dans la capitale. Le centre de convention de Kigali. Après 1994, de très nombreux Rwandais revenus d'exil, en particulier des tutsis ou des anciens opposants hutus au régime du Mouvement révolutionnaire national pour le développement (MRND) s'y sont installés. Géographie[modifier | modifier le code]
Karl Popper Popper bust in the Arkadenhof of the University of Vienna Sir Karl Raimund Popper CH FBA FRS (28 July 1902 – 17 September 1994) was an Austrian-British philosopher and professor. Generally regarded as one of the 20th century's greatest philosophers of science, Popper is known for his rejection of the classical inductivist views on the scientific method in favour of empirical falsification. A theory in the empirical sciences can never be proven, but it can be falsified, meaning that it can and should be scrutinised by decisive experiments. Popper is also known for his opposition to the classical justificationist account of knowledge, which he replaced with critical rationalism, namely "the first non-justificational philosophy of criticism in the history of philosophy". In political discourse, he is known for his vigorous defence of liberal democracy and the principles of social criticism that he came to believe made a flourishing open society possible. ). ).
V for Vendetta Publication history When the publishers cancelled Warrior in 1985 (with two completed issues unpublished due to the cancellation), several companies attempted to convince Moore and Lloyd to let them publish and complete the story. In 1988, DC Comics published a ten-issue series that reprinted the Warrior stories in colour, then continued the series to completion. The first new material appeared in issue No. 7, which included the unpublished episodes that would have appeared in Warrior No. 27 and No. 28. Tony Weare drew one chapter ("Vincent") and contributed additional art to two others ("Valerie" and "The Vacation"); Steve Whitaker and Siobhan Dodds worked as colourists on the entire series. Background David Lloyd's paintings for V for Vendetta in Warrior originally appeared in black-and-white. Cover of Warrior#19, highlighting the comic's conflict between anarchist and fascist philosophies. Plot Book 1: Europe After the Reign Book 2: This Vicious Cabaret
Postmodern Theory - Chapter 3: Deleuze and Guatari Chapter 3: Deleuze and Guattari: Schizos, Nomads, Rhizomes We live today in the age of partial objects, bricks that have been shattered to bits, and leftovers... We no longer believe in a primordial totality that once existed, or in a final totality that awaits us at some future date (Deleuze and Guattari 1983: p.42) A theory does not totalize; it is an instrument for multiplication and it also multiplies itself... Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari have embarked on postmodern adventures that attempt to create new forms of thought, writing, subjectivity, and politics. Their most influential book to date, Anti-Oedipus (1983; orig. 1972) is a provocative critique of modernity's discourses and institutions which repress desire and proliferate fascists subjectivities that haunt even revolutionary movements. Deleuze is a professor of philosophy who in the 1950s and 1960s gained attention for his studies of Spinoza, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, Bergson, Proust and others.
Kivu Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Situation des deux Kivu par rapport au reste du pays Le Kivu (prononcer Kivou) est une région et une ancienne province de l'Est de la République démocratique du Congo. La province exista de 1933 à 1962 (sous le nom de province de Costermansville jusque 1947, du nom de sa capitale) et de 1966 à 1988. La province fut divisée en 1988 entre trois provinces, le Nord-Kivu, le Sud-Kivu et le Maniema. Le Kivu est également un lac situé à la frontière entre la RDC et le Rwanda. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Depuis la fin de la guerre du Rwanda en 1994 qui se concrétise par la victoire de l’Armée patriotique rwandaise (APR), de Paul Kagame, sur les Forces armées rwandaises (FAR) du pouvoir hutu installé à Kigali depuis l’indépendance, les conflits régionaux se sont déportés vers le Kivu. Le Kivu est connu du fait des innombrables ressources minérales, environnementales et fossiles dont elle regorge. Voir aussi[modifier | modifier le code] M.
Michel Foucault Born in Poitiers, France to an upper-middle-class family, Foucault was educated at the Lycée Henri-IV and then the École Normale Supérieure, where he developed an interest in philosophy and came under the influence of his tutors Jean Hyppolite and Louis Althusser. After several years as a cultural diplomat abroad, he returned to France and published his first major book, The History of Madness. After obtaining work between 1960 and 1966 at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, he produced two more significant publications, The Birth of the Clinic and The Order of Things, which displayed his increasing involvement with structuralism, a theoretical movement in social anthropology from which he later distanced himself. These first three histories were examples of a historiographical technique Foucault was developing which he called "archaeology". Early life Youth: 1926–1946 "I wasn't always smart, I was actually very stupid in school... École Normale Supérieure: 1946–1951
Anonymous About Anonymous is an ad-hoc group of Internet users who are often associated with various hacktivist operations, including protests against Internet censorship, Scientology and government corruption. History Users of the anonymous image board 4chan, launched in late 2003, began using the term “Anonymous” when referring to themselves as a collective. User registration is not required on the site and users who do not identify themselves are given the label “Anonymous.” Hacktivist Comic Boook On January 22nd, 2014, the four part comic Hacktivist, based on Anonymous, was released. "The world knows Ed Hiccox and Nate Graft as the young, brilliant co-founders of YourLife, a social networking company that has changed the way the world connects with each other. Archaia plans to compile all four parts of the comic into one book by summer 2014. Operations The Great Habbo Raid Project Chanology Operation Lioncash ”) over portraits on banknotes and releasing them back into circulation. Operation YouTube
Actor–network theory Broadly speaking, ANT is a constructivist approach in that it avoids essentialist explanations of events or innovations (e.g. explaining a successful theory by understanding the combinations and interactions of elements that make it successful, rather than saying it is “true” and the others are “false”). However, it is distinguished from many other STS and sociological network theories for its distinct material-semiotic approach. Background and context ANT appears to reflect many of the preoccupations of French post-structuralism, and in particular a concern with non-foundational and multiple material-semiotic relations. Many of the characteristic ANT tools (including the notions of translation, generalized symmetry and the “heterogeneous network”), together with a scientometric tool for mapping innovations in science and technology (“co-word analysis”) were initially developed during the 1980s, predominantly in and around the CSI. A material-semiotic method Translation
Génocide des Tutsis au Rwanda L'ONU estime qu'environ 800 000 Rwandais, en majorité tutsis, ont perdu la vie durant ces trois mois. Ceux qui parmi les Hutus se sont montrés solidaires des Tutsis ont été tués comme traîtres à la cause hutu. D'une durée de cent jours, ce fut le génocide le plus rapide de l'histoire et celui de plus grande ampleur quant au nombre de morts par jour. Il convient de souligner qu'un génocide n'est pas qualifié comme tel en raison du nombre de morts, mais sur une analyse juridique de critères définis à l'époque par la Convention pour la prévention et la répression du crime de génocide du 9 décembre 1948 de l'ONU. Cette convention définit qu'un génocide est « commis dans l'intention de détruire, en tout ou en partie, un groupe national, ethnique, racial ou religieux, comme tel ». Les racines du génocide[modifier | modifier le code] L'attentat du 6 avril 1994 est souvent qualifié de « déclencheur du génocide ». La période pré-génocidaire[modifier | modifier le code] Par ordre chronologique
Jean-François Lyotard - Wikipedia Biography Early life, educational background, and family Jean François Lyotard was born on August 10, 1924 in Vincennes, France to Jean-Pierre Lyotard, a sales representative, and Madeleine Cavalli. He went to primary school at the Paris Lycée Buffon and Louis-le-Grand. He studied philosophy at the Sorbonne in the late 1940s. Political life In 1954, Lyotard became a member of Socialisme ou Barbarie, a French political organisation formed in 1948 around the inadequacy of the Trotskyist analysis to explain the new forms of domination in the Soviet Union. Academic career Work Lyotard's work is characterised by a persistent opposition to universals, meta-narratives, and generality. In his writings of the early 1970s, he rejects what he regards as theological underpinnings of both Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud: "In Freud, it is judaical, critical sombre (forgetful of the political); in Marx it is catholic. The Postmodern Condition The Differend Charles J.
Guy Fawkes Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606), also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish in the Low Countries, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Fawkes was born and educated in York. His father died when Fawkes was eight years old, after which his mother married a recusant Catholic. Fawkes later converted to Catholicism and left for the continent, where he fought in the Eighty Years' War on the side of Catholic Spain against Protestant Dutch reformers. Wintour introduced Fawkes to Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the throne. Fawkes became synonymous with the Gunpowder Plot, the failure of which has been commemorated in Britain since 5 November 1605. Early life Childhood Fawkes was baptised at the church of St. Guy Fawkes was born in 1570 in Stonegate, York. Military career Gunpowder Plot Overseas Discovery Torture Trial and execution
Bruno Latour Bruno Latour (/ləˈtʊər/; French: [latuʁ]; born 22 June 1947) is a French philosopher, anthropologist and sociologist. He is especially known for his work in the field of science and technology studies (STS). After teaching at the École des Mines de Paris (Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation) from 1982 to 2006, he became Professor at Sciences Po Paris (2006–2017), where he was the scientific director of the Sciences Po Medialab. He retired from several university activities in 2017. He was also a Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics. Latour's monographs earned him a 10th place among most-cited book authors in the humanities and social sciences for the year 2007. Biography As a student, Latour originally focused on philosophy and was deeply influenced by Michel Serres. Awards and honors Holberg Prize A 2013 article in Aftenposten by Jon Elster criticised the conferment to Latour, by saying "The question is, does he deserve the prize