Acta Parasitologica Globalis 6 (1): 20-28, 2015 Review Work on Bovine Cysticercosis and its Public Health Importance’s in Ethiopia FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 29/02/16 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from goat and sheep milk seem to be closely related and differ from isolates detected among bovine milk 1Institute for Food Safety, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Switzerland Dairy goat and sheep farms suffer severe economic losses due to intramammary infections, with S. aureus representing the main cause of clinical mastitis in small ruminants. In addition, S. aureus contamination of goat and sheep milk may cause staphylococcal food poisoning, as many traditional caprine and ovine milk products are not subjected to pasteurization. Data on virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes, as well as on the clonality of S. aureus detected in goat and sheep milk is scarce. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to determine i) spa types and clonal complexes and ii) virulence and resistance gene profiles of S. aureus isolated from goat and sheep milk. A total of 162 milk samples from sheep and goats presenting signs of an intramammary infection and 104 bulk milk samples were collected. Received: 04 Jan 2016; Accepted: 29 Feb 2016. Copyright: © 2016 Merz, Stephan and Johler.
EFSA Features: Transboundary animal diseases: what are the risks in the EU and what does EFSA do? Dossier13 janvier 2015 Transboundary animal diseases are highly contagious diseases that can spread rapidly across national borders. They can cause high rates of death and disease in animals, thereby having serious socio-economic and sometimes public health consequences in affected countries. The Chair of EFSA’s Animal Health and Welfare Panel, Simon More, explains what the risks for the European Union are and what EFSA does in this field. Simon More Chair of EFSA’s Animal Health and Welfare Panel What are the diseases most likely to enter the European Union? S.M.: Well, African Swine Fever, for example, is a disease that affects pigs and is present in countries on the eastern borders of the European Union. Are there any other examples? S.M.: On the EU’s southeast borders, there are several transboundary diseases affecting cattle and sheep. What has EFSA done? S.M.: EFSA provides scientific information to support policy decision-making within the European Union.
BMJ. 2014 Oct 28;349:g6015. Milk intake and risk of mortality and fractures in women and men: cohort studies. Abstract Objective To examine whether high milk consumption is associated with mortality and fractures in women and men. Design Cohort studies. Setting Three counties in central Sweden. Participants Two large Swedish cohorts, one with 61 433 women (39-74 years at baseline 1987-90) and one with 45 339 men (45-79 years at baseline 1997), were administered food frequency questionnaires. Main outcome measure Multivariable survival models were applied to determine the association between milk consumption and time to mortality or fracture. Results During a mean follow-up of 20.1 years, 15 541 women died and 17 252 had a fracture, of whom 4259 had a hip fracture. Conclusions High milk intake was associated with higher mortality in one cohort of women and in another cohort of men, and with higher fracture incidence in women. Introduction A diet rich in milk products is promoted to reduce the likelihood of osteoporotic fractures. Methods The Cohort of Swedish Men was created in the autumn of 1997.
Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. vol.23 no.1 Jaboticabal Jan./Mar. 2014 Longevity and viability of Taenia solium eggs in the digestive system of the beetle Ammophorus rubripes Research Note Longevity and viability of Taenia solium eggs in the digestive system of the beetle Ammophorus rubripes Duração e viabilidade de ovos de Taenia solium no sistema digestivo do besouro Ammophorus rubripes Luis Antonio Gomez-Puerta1*, Maria Teresa Lopez-Urbina1, Hector Hugo Garcia2, Armando Emiliano Gonzalez1 1School of Veterinary Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru 2Department of Microbiology, School of Sciences, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru The present study evaluated the capacity of Ammophorus rubripes beetles to carry Taenia solium eggs, in terms of duration and viability of eggs in their digestive system. Key words: Taenia solium ; dung beetle; Ammophorus rubripes Este estudo avaliou a duração e viabilidade de ovos de Taenia solium no sistema digestivo do besouro Ammophorus rubripes como portador dos ovos de T. solium. Palavras-Chave: Taenia solium ; besouros coprófagos; Ammophorus rubripes Introduction Materials and Methods
TOXINS 02/03/16 Occurrence of Staphylococcus aureus on Farms with Small Scale Production of Raw Milk Cheeses in Poland 1. Introduction Staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) is one of the most common foodborne diseases worldwide resulting from the consumption of foods containing staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) produced mainly by Staphylococcus aureus [1,2]. Symptoms of SFP have a rapid onset (2–8 h) and include hypersalivation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping and diarrhea . In the majority of cases recovery occurs within 24–48 h without specific treatment. Some S. aureus produce toxins which are potent emetic agents causing SFP. According to the recent European Food Safety Authority report, a total of 386 food-borne outbreaks caused by staphylococcal toxins were identified in the European Union in 2013 . The aim of the study was to determine the occurrence of S. aureus in dairy farms with small scale production of raw cow milk cheese. 2. CPS were isolated from 122 (50.0%) out of 244 tested samples (Table 1). Table 1. Contamination with CPS depended on the type of material (Table 1). 3.
COUR DES COMPTES EUROPEENNE 26/04/16 Les programmes concernant les maladies animales: globalement adaptés mais présentant un rapport coût-efficacité difficile à déterminer Les programmes de l'UE parviennent à endiguer la progression des maladies animales, mais il est difficile d'apprécier leur bon rapport coût-efficacité, révèle un nouveau rapport de la Cour des comptes européenne. Même si des succès notables ont été enregistrés, par exemple la diminution des cas d'encéphalopathie spongiforme bovine chez les bovins, les auditeurs lancent une mise en garde concernant des contrôles insuffisants et certains coûts exagérément élevés. Les programmes zoosanitaires de surveillance, de lutte et d'éradication concernant des maladies animales spécifiques, mis en place par les États membres, ont mobilisé un financement de l'UE de 1,3 milliard d'euros pour la période 2009-2014 et comportent des mesures telles que la vaccination des animaux, les tests et l'indemnisation pour les animaux abattus. Néanmoins, le rapport coût-efficacité des programmes est difficile à déterminer en raison du manque de modèles disponibles pour réaliser une telle analyse.
INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON ENGINEERING AND FOOD (Athens - Greece) - MAI 2011 - Au sommaire: MFS718 Incorporation of microbiological and molecular methods in HACCP monitoring scheme of molds and yeasts in a Greek dairy plant: A case study Volume 1, 2011, Pages 1051–1059 11th International Congress on Engineering and Food (ICEF11) Edited By George Saravacos, Petros Taoukis, Magda Krokida, Vaios Karathanos, Harris Lazarides, Nikolaos Stoforos, Constantina Tzia and Stavros Yanniotis Abstract Yogurt and yogurt based products are widely consumed globally within European countries. Keywords airborne fungi; yogurt; dairy; Penicillium; Cladosporium References Y.J. PLOS 16/10/14 New Insights in Cysticercosis Transmission Abstract Taenia solium infection causes severe neurological disease in humans. Even though infection and exposure to swine cysticercosis is scattered throughout endemic villages, location of the tapeworm only explains some of the nearby infections and is not related to location of seropositive pigs. Author Summary In endemic areas, pigs acquire cysticercosis when ingesting Taenia solium eggs that have been released into the environment in the feces of a person infected with T. solium. Citation:Arriola CS, Gonzalez AE, Gomez-Puerta LA, Lopez-Urbina MT, Garcia HH, et al. (2014) New Insights in Cysticercosis Transmission. Editor: Ana Flisser, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico Received: December 2, 2013; Accepted: September 5, 2014; Published: October 16, 2014 Copyright: © 2014 Arriola et al. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Introduction Methods Ethics statement Study design Statistical analysis Results Descriptive statistics Discussion
UNIVERSITE DE LAVAL (Québec) - 2013 - Mémoire en ligne : Croissance de Listeria monocytogenes et Staphylococcus aureus dans un f Croissance de « Listeria monocytogenes » et « Staphylococcus aureus » dans un fromage modèle Camembert réduit en NaCl ou partiellement substitué en KCl Lien permanent: Résumé: Réduire le sodium dans les aliments transformés est une recommandation de Santé Canada. Langue: Mots clés: Numéro unique: