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Jarry in Alfortville 'Pataphysics (French: 'pataphysique) is a philosophy or media theory dedicated to studying what lies beyond the realm of metaphysics. The concept was coined by French writer Alfred Jarry (1873–1907), who defined 'pataphysics as "the science of imaginary solutions, which symbolically attributes the properties of objects, described by their virtuality, to their lineaments".[1] A practitioner of 'pataphysics is a pataphysician or a pataphysicist. Definitions[edit] There are over one hundred differing definitions of pataphysics.[2] Some examples are shown below. "Pataphysics is the science of that which is superinduced upon metaphysics, whether within or beyond the latter’s limitations, extending as far beyond metaphysics as the latter extends beyond physics. … Pataphysics will be, above all, the science of the particular, despite the common opinion that the only science is that of the general. "Pataphysics passes easily from one state of apparent definition to another.

QUICKBORNER TEAM Gesellschaft für Planung und Organisation mbH Banco Palmas Banco Palmas is a Brazilian community bank founded in 1998 in Conjunto Palmeiras, a neighborhood of 32,000 inhabitants located in the suburbs of Fortaleza - Ceará, Brazil operating under the principle of the "Solidarity Socio-Economy." It is the first of currently 52 similarly structured community banks - also known as "community development banks" (CDBs) - throughout Brazil. It is managed locally by the Association of Residents of Conjunto Palmeira (Associação dos Moradores do Conjunto Palmeira), known by its acronym ASMOCONP, the staff of which is mostly volunteer. Its mission is to implement programs and projects for work and income generation using solidarity economy systems primarily focused on overcoming urban and rural poverty. History[edit] Images of Conjunto Palmeira in the 1970s The origin of the Palmeira neighborhood dates back to the 1970s. In 2000, Banco Palmas created the social currency palmas, which circulates in local commerce. Theory[edit] Social Currency[edit] 1. 2. 3. 4.

Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation Modelling Research Policy: Ex-Ante Evaluation of Complex Policy Instruments Petra Ahrweiler, Michel Schilperoord, Andreas Pyka and Nigel Gilbert The Complexities of Agent-Based Modeling Output Analysis Ju-Sung Lee, Tatiana Filatova, Arika Ligmann-Zielinska, Behrooz Hassani-Mahmooei, Forrest Stonedahl, Iris Lorscheid, Alexey Voinov, Gary Polhill, Zhanli Sun and Dawn C. Parker Transitions Between Homophilic and Heterophilic Modes of Cooperation Genki Ichinose, Masaya Saito, Hiroki Sayama and Hugues Bersini "Anarchy" Reigns: A Quantitative Analysis of Agent-Based Modelling Publication Practices in JASSS, 2001-2012 Simon D Angus and Behrooz Hassani-Mahmooei High Standards Enhance Inequality in Idealized Labor Markets Károly Takács and Flaminio Squazzoni Combining Segregation and Integration: Schelling Model Dynamics for Heterogeneous Population Erez Hatna and Itzhak Benenson Emergence and Collapse of the Norm of Resource Sharing Around Locally Abundant Resources Shiro Horiuchi

2011–present Spanish protests Protests in Spain that started in 2011 Spanish media related the movement to the 2008–14 Spanish financial crisis, the Arab Spring, as well as demonstrations in North Africa,[6] Iran,[7] Greece,[8] Portugal,[9] and Iceland.[10] The movement was also compared to Stéphane Hessel's political manifesto Time for Outrage!,[11] which was seen to empower Spanish youth who were not in school, training, or employment. According to RTVE, the Spanish public broadcasting company, between 6.5 and 8 million Spaniards participated in these events.[16] Background[edit] Demonstration in Barcelona on 22 January 2011, against the raise in the retirement age Organization[edit] Documental 15M: "Excelente. Before the demonstrations, ¡Democracia Real YA! 2011 events[edit] May 2011[edit] 15 May[edit] The first event was called under the motto "we are not goods in the hands of politicians and bankers" and was focused on opposition to what the demonstrators called "antisocial means in the hands of bankers 16 May[edit]