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Jarry in Alfortville 'Pataphysics (French: 'pataphysique) is a philosophy or media theory dedicated to studying what lies beyond the realm of metaphysics. The concept was coined by French writer Alfred Jarry (1873–1907), who defined 'pataphysics as "the science of imaginary solutions, which symbolically attributes the properties of objects, described by their virtuality, to their lineaments".[1] A practitioner of 'pataphysics is a pataphysician or a pataphysicist. Definitions[edit] There are over one hundred differing definitions of pataphysics.[2] Some examples are shown below. "Pataphysics is the science of that which is superinduced upon metaphysics, whether within or beyond the latter’s limitations, extending as far beyond metaphysics as the latter extends beyond physics. … Pataphysics will be, above all, the science of the particular, despite the common opinion that the only science is that of the general. "Pataphysics passes easily from one state of apparent definition to another. Related:  philosophy treeSome paid heed 2 the law of 3; others swore by the law of 4

The Jester's Mask - Jester and Clown symbolism This article was written by me! Link to it, copy it, post it, quote it, do whatever you like with it, but please be kind enough to credit me (Jongleur) and include a link to my site. I'm British, so naturally this should be read in the appropriate accent. As a jester aficionado and a firm believer that all clowns are evil monstrous demons sent from other planets to eat my soul, there are few things that annoy me more than when people mix them up. Firstly, a disclaimer; back when there were actual professional jesters, in the pointy-hat-with-bells, hangs-around-in-castles-wearing-tights style that most people are thinking of when they say jester, there were no such thing as clowns - at least, not as distinct from jesters. (And, obviously, it's only my moderately-informed opinion. Back when being mentally subnormal or physically deformed was thought to be funny in its own right, jesters spent a lot of time rolling around doing physical comedy. [back to where you were reading]

Existentialism Existentialism is a term applied to the work of certain late 19th- and 20th-century philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,[1][2][3] shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual.[4] In existentialism, the individual's starting point is characterized by what has been called "the existential attitude", or a sense of disorientation and confusion in the face of an apparently meaningless or absurd world.[5] Many existentialists have also regarded traditional systematic or academic philosophies, in both style and content, as too abstract and remote from concrete human experience.[6][7] Definitional issues and background[edit] There has never been general agreement on the definition of existentialism. The term is often seen as an historical convenience as it was first applied to many philosophers in hindsight, long after they had died. Concepts[edit] The Absurd[edit]

Des scientifiques inventent la bière anti-gueule de bois ! - Sciences Mal à la tête, gorge sèche, bouche pâteuse... La gueule de bois, ce pourrait bien êter du passé ! A condition d'aimer la bière. Des scientifiques australiens du Griffith Health Institute (GHI) auraient inventé une bière qui rendrait les lendemains moins difficiles, rapporte le journal The Australian. En effet, pour ceux qui ne le savent pas, c'est la déshydratation qui est à l'origine de ces désagréments liés à l'alcool. Pour les chercheurs, le remède miracle est donc une bière à laquelle ils ont ajouté des électrolytes, agents hydratants. Et le résultat est clair, "la bière blonde modifiée s'est révélée être un tiers plus hydratante que les autres", indique Ben Desbrow.

In Spring it is the Dawn: 'A Wild Sheep Chase' Discussion (JLit Book Group) Welcome to the Japanese Literature Book Group discussion of A Wild Sheep Chase by Haruki Murakami. About the author Haruki Murakami was born in Kyoto, Japan, in 1949. , and Kafka on the Shore , some non-fiction, numerous short stories and essays. For a more detailed biography, check out the following links:Murakami: Titan of postwar literature (The Japan Times)Marathon Man (The Guardian)Jazz Messenger (The New York Times) About the book 羊をめぐる冒険 (Hitsuji o meguru bōken) was first published in Japan in 1982, and won the Noma Bungei Shinjin Sho (Noma Literary Award for New Writers). Blurb from the Random House Murakami site: It begins simply enough: A twenty-something advertising executive receives a postcard from a friend, and casually appropriates the image for an insurance company's advertisement. Other Murakami sources on A Wild Sheep Chase:Exorcising GhostsThe New Yorker Book Club Discussion questions First a few general questions: What did you think of A Wild Sheep Chase? Happy discussing!

Fun theory on “the jester” « Iron John A jester playing the flute (Peter Wtewael, 1623) A jester, joker, jokester, fool, wit-cracker, prankster, or buffoon is a member of a profession that came into popularity in the Middle Ages. Jesters are always thought to have worn brightly colored clothes and eccentric hats in a motley pattern. Their hats, sometimes called the cap ’n’ bells, cockscomb (obsolete coxcomb), were especially distinctive; made of cloth, they were floppy with three points (liliripes) each of which had a jingle bell at the end. Political significance In societies where freedom of speech was not recognized as a right, the court jester – precisely because anything he said was by definition “a jest” and “the uttering of a fool” – could speak frankly on controversial issues in a way in which anyone else would have been severely punished for, and monarchs understood the usefulness of having such a person at their side. Jesters could also give bad news to the King that no-one else would dare deliver. Like this:

Secular humanism The philosophy or life stance of secular humanism (alternatively known by some adherents as Humanism, specifically with a capital H to distinguish it from other forms of humanism) embraces human reason, ethics, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the basis of morality and decision making.[1][2][3][4] The International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) is the world union of more than one hundred Humanist, rationalist, irreligious, atheistic, Bright, secular, Ethical Culture, and freethought organizations in more than 40 countries. The "Happy Human" is the official symbol of the IHEU as well as being regarded as a universally recognised symbol for those who call themselves Humanists. Terminology[edit] However, many adherents of the approach reject the use of the word secular as obfuscating and confusing, and consider that the term secular humanism has been "demonized by the religious right...

AIREAL: Interactive Tactile Experiences in Free Air Golden Ratio Discovered in the Quantum World | Science By Rakefet TavorEpoch Times Staff Created: January 19, 2010 Last Updated: June 17, 2012 PICTURING THE GOLDEN RATIO: Scientists fired neutrons at cobalt niobate particles, finding resonant notes with the golden ratio. (Tennant/HZB) The “golden ratio,” which is equal to approximately 1.618, can be found in various aspects of our life, including biology, architecture, and the arts. But only recently was it discovered that this special ratio is also reflected in nanoscale, thanks to researchers from the U.K.’s Oxford University, University of Bristol, and Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, and Germany’s Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy (HZB). Their research, published in the journal Science on Jan. 8, examined chains of linked magnetic cobalt niobate (CoNb2O6) particles only one particle wide to investigate the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. Neutrons were fired at the cobalt niobate particles to detect the resonant notes. Dr.

Discordianism "Sacred Chao" redirects here. For the German thrash metal band by that name, see Living Death. There is some division as to whether it should be regarded as a parody religion, and if so to what degree.[2] It is difficult to estimate the number of Discordians because they are not required to hold Discordianism as their only belief system,[3] and because there is an encouragement to form schisms and cabals.[4][5] Founding[edit] The foundational document of Discordianism is the Principia Discordia, fourth edition, written by Malaclypse the Younger, an alias of Greg Hill. Organization[edit] The very idea of a Discordian organization is something of a paradox. POEE[edit] The sect of Discordianism founded by Malaclypse the Younger and Omar Khayyam Ravenhurst is known as the Paratheo-Anametamystikhood Of Eris Esoteric (POEE). the Principia contains some details about the structure of POEE. History[edit] Eris[edit] The Original Snub[edit] Curse of Greyface[edit] Philosophy[edit] The Pentabarf[edit]

State religion A state religion (also called an established religion, state church, established church, or official religion) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state. A state with an official religion, while not secular, is not necessarily a theocracy. State religions are official or government-sanctioned establishments of a religion, but neither does the state need be under the control of the church (as in a theocracy), nor is the state-sanctioned church necessarily under the control of the state. The institution of state-sponsored religious cults is ancient, reaching into the Ancient Near East and prehistory. The relation of religious cult and the state was discussed by Varro, under the term of theologia civilis ("civic theology"). The first state-sponsored Christian church was the Armenian Apostolic Church, established in 301 AD.[1] Types of state religion[edit] The degree and nature of state backing for denomination or creed designated as a state religion can vary. Other Oman

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