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Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill
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Vehicle armour Armour may also be used in vehicles to protect from threats other than a deliberate attack. Some spacecraft are equipped with specialised armour to protect them against impacts from micrometeoroids or fragments of space junk. Modern aircraft powered by turbine engines usually have them fitted with a sort of armour in the form of an aramid composite kevlar bandage around the fan casing or of debris containment walls built into the casing of their gas turbine engines to prevent injuries or airframe damage should the fan, compressor, or turbine blades break free.[1] The design and purpose of the vehicle determines the amount of armour plating carried, as the plating is often very heavy and excessive amounts of armour restrict mobility. Materials[edit] [edit] Steel[edit] Rolled homogeneous armour is strong, hard, and tough (does not shatter when struck with a fast, hard blow). Aluminium[edit] Iron[edit] Wrought iron was used on ironclad warships. Titanium[edit] Uranium[edit] Plastic[edit]

Fakir A fakir, or faqir (/fəˈkɪər/; Arabic: فقیر‎ (noun of faqr)), derived from faqr (Arabic: فقر‎, "poverty"), is a Muslim Sufi ascetic in the Middle East and South Asia. The Faqirs were wandering Dervishes teaching Islam and living on alms.[1] The term has become a common Urdu, Bengali, and Hindi byword for beggar. Faqirs were characterised by their attachment to dhikr, (a practice of repeating the names of God, often performed after prayers)[2] and asceticism. The term has also been used to refer to Hindu and Buddhist ascetics (e.g., sadhus, gurus, swamis and yogis). History[edit] Emperor Jahangir receiving a petition from a fakir. Historically, the terms tasawwuf, Sufism, faqr, and faqer (noun of faqr) were first used (with full definition) by Husayn ibn Ali, who was the grandson of Muhammad. In the 10th century, highly reputed Muslim Abdul-Qadir Gilani, who is the founder of Qadiriyya silsila, which has the most followers in Muslim Sufism, elaborated Sufism, tasawwuf and faqr. See also[edit]

E. F. L. Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax Early career[edit] Halifax was born into a Yorkshire family as the fourth son of Charles Wood, 2nd Viscount Halifax. He and his siblings were sickly; his three older brothers died in infancy, leaving him heir to his father's viscountcy. He was born with no left hand and a withered left arm, but still enjoyed riding, hunting and shooting. This and his religiosity as a devout Anglo-Catholic like his father prompted Winston Churchill to nickname him the "Holy Fox". Turned down by South Africa for the post of Governor General (it was holding out for a cabinet minister or member of the royal family) and snubbed by Winston Churchill on his assumption of the post of Under-Secretary for the Colonies – on one occasion he stormed into Churchill's office and told him that he "expected to be treated like a gentleman" – a thwarted Wood voted for the downfall of Lloyd George's government and became President of the Board of Education under Andrew Bonar Law in 1922. Viceroy of India[edit]

Virginia Woolf Adeline Virginia Woolf (/ˈwʊlf/; nee Stephen; 25 January 1882 – 28 March 1941) was an English writer, and one of the foremost modernists of the twentieth century. During the interwar period, Woolf was a significant figure in London literary society and a central figure in the influential Bloomsbury Group of intellectuals. Her most famous works include the novels Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928), and the book-length essay A Room of One's Own (1929), with its famous dictum, "A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction." Woolf suffered from severe bouts of mental illness throughout her life, thought to have been the result of what is now termed bipolar disorder,[1] and committed suicide by drowning in 1941 at the age of 59. Early life[edit] Woolf was educated by her parents in their literate and well-connected household at 22 Hyde Park Gate, Kensington. Bloomsbury[edit] Work[edit]

Non-U.S. recipients of U.S. gallantry awards Individual Awards for Valor[edit] World War I[edit] Ernesto Burzagli of the Royal Italian Navy, awarded Navy Cross in 1919.[1]Ronald Niel Stuart of the Royal Navy, awarded Navy Cross in 1917.[2] World War II[edit] Korean War[edit] Vietnam War[edit] Awards to Unknown Soldiers[edit] United Kingdom[edit] On November 11, 1920, an unidentified British soldier from a battlefield of the First World War was buried at the western end of the Nave of Westminster Abbey. Belgium[edit] The Belgian Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (French: Tombeau du Soldat Inconnu, Dutch: Graf van de Onbekende Soldaat) is located in Brussels. France[edit] The French Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (French: Tombeau du Soldat Inconnu) is located in the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. Italy[edit] A joint resolution of Congress on October 12, 1921 awarded the Medal of Honor "upon the unknown, unidentified Italian soldier to be buried in the National Monument to Victor Emanuel II, in Rome Romania[edit] Unit Citations[edit] World War II[edit]

Isambard Kingdom Brunel Isambard Kingdom Brunel, FRS (/ˈɪzəmbɑrd bruːˈnɛl/; 9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859), was an English mechanical and civil engineer who built dockyards, the Great Western Railway, a series of steamships including the first propeller-driven transatlantic steamship and numerous important bridges and tunnels. His designs revolutionised public transport and modern engineering. Though Brunel's projects were not always successful, they often contained innovative solutions to long-standing engineering problems. Brunel set the standard for a well-built railway, using careful surveys to minimise grades and curves. Brunel astonished Britain by proposing to extend the Great Western Railway westward to North America by building steam-powered iron-hulled ships. In 2002, Brunel was placed second in a BBC public poll to determine the "100 Greatest Britons". Name[edit] Brunel's unique name is an amalgamation of his parents' names. Early life[edit] Thames Tunnel[edit] Main article: Thames Tunnel

Max Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook William Maxwell "Max" Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, PC, ONB, (25 May 1879 – 9 June 1964) was an Anglo-Canadian business tycoon, politician, and writer.[1] Lord Beaverbrook held a tight grip on the British media as an influential press baron, owning The Daily Express newspaper,[2] as well as the London Evening Standard and the Sunday Express. His political career included serving as a Minister in the British government during both World Wars.[3] Beaverbrook was an influential and often mentioned figure in British society of the first half of the 20th century. Early career in Canada[edit] Although Aitken wrote the entrance examinations for Dalhousie University and registered at the King's College Law School, he did not attend either institution. In 1909 under the umbrella of his Royal Securities Company, Aitken founded Calgary Power Company, Limited (now formally TransAlta Corporation). Family[edit] Canada Cement Scandal[edit] Lord Beaverbrook plaque in Maple, Ontario In 1912, A.J.

James Joyce Joyce was born into a middle class family in Dublin, where he excelled as a student at the Jesuit schools Clongowes and Belvedere, then at University College Dublin. In his early twenties he emigrated permanently to continental Europe, living in Trieste, Paris and Zurich. Though most of his adult life was spent abroad, Joyce's fictional universe does not extend far beyond Dublin, and is populated largely by characters who closely resemble family members, enemies and friends from his time there; Ulysses in particular is set with precision in the streets and alleyways of the city. Shortly after the publication of Ulysses he elucidated this preoccupation somewhat, saying, "For myself, I always write about Dublin, because if I can get to the heart of Dublin I can get to the heart of all the cities of the world. Biography[edit] 1882–1904: Dublin[edit] Joyce's birth and baptismal certificate In 1891 Joyce wrote a poem on the death of Charles Stewart Parnell. Joyce at age six, 1888 Joyce in 1915

Control Risks Group Control Risks is a global risk and strategic consulting firm specialising in political, security and integrity risk. Operating from 34 offices,[1] the company’s primary services include anti-corruption audits, consultancy and training, eDiscovery, political risk analysis and a broad range of security and crisis management support. History[edit] Control Risks was formed in 1975, as a professional adviser to the insurance industry. As a subsidiary of insurance broker, Hogg Robinson, Control Risks aimed to help minimize their exposure to kidnap and ransom payouts. As multinational organizations demanded a more holistic suite of risk management services, Control Risks grew organically delivering a wider range of services from more international locations. Control Risks formed a Joint Venture with International SOS in 2008, and through this partnership provides travel security services and advice to clients’ business travelers and expatriate employees. Services[edit] Similar companies[edit]

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe After returning from a tour of Italy in 1788, his first major scientific work, the Metamorphosis of Plants, was published. In 1791 he was made managing director of the theatre at Weimar, and in 1794 he began a friendship with the dramatist, historian, and philosopher Friedrich Schiller, whose plays he premiered until Schiller's death in 1805. During this period Goethe published his second novel, Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, the verse epic Hermann and Dorothea, and, in 1808, the first part of his most celebrated drama, Faust. His conversations and various common undertakings throughout the 1790s with Schiller, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Johann Gottfried Herder, Alexander von Humboldt, Wilhelm von Humboldt, and August and Friedrich Schlegel have, in later years, been collectively termed Weimar Classicism. Biography[edit] Early life[edit] Goethe's father, Johann Caspar Goethe, lived with his family in a large house in Frankfurt, then an Imperial Free City of the Holy Roman Empire. Goethe.

United Grand Lodge of England The United Grand Lodge of England (UGLE) is the governing body for the majority of freemasons within England and Wales with lodges in other, predominantly ex-British Empire and Commonwealth countries outside the United Kingdom. It claims to be the oldest Grand Lodge in the world, by descent from the first Grand Lodge formed in London in 1717. Together with the Grand Lodge of Ireland and the Grand Lodge of Scotland they are often referred to, by their members, as "the home Grand Lodges" or "the Home Constitutions". History[edit] Prior to 1717 there is evidence of Freemasons' lodges in both England and Scotland, with the earliest being in Scotland. On 24 June 1717, three existing London lodges and a Westminster lodge held a joint dinner at the Goose and Gridiron alehouse in St. The creation of Lodges followed the development of the Empire, with all three home Grand Lodges warranting Lodges around the world, including the Americas, India and Africa, from the 1730s. Current position[edit]

Oliver Cromwell Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658)[N 1] was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. Cromwell was one of the signatories of King Charles I's death warrant in 1649, and, as a member of the Rump Parliament (1649–53), he dominated the short-lived Commonwealth of England. He was selected to take command of the English campaign in Ireland in 1649–50. On 20 April 1653 he dismissed the Rump Parliament by force, setting up a short-lived nominated assembly known as the Barebones Parliament, before being invited by his fellow leaders to rule as Lord Protector of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland from 16 December 1653.[2] As a ruler he executed an aggressive and effective foreign policy. Early years[edit] At the time of his birth, Cromwell's grandfather, Sir Henry Williams, was one of the two wealthiest landowners in Huntingdonshire. Marriage and family[edit] Crisis and recovery[edit]