World Environment Day 2015: 10 most polluted cities in the world From acid rain to global warming and heart disease to acute respiratory problems, toxic pollution has a devastating impact on human health and the environment. In the past 150 years, carbon dioxide emissions have reached levels higher than they have been for hundreds of thousands of years, with more than 200 million people worldwide affected by air pollution. The problem is deadly – outdoor air pollution was estimated to cause 3.7 million premature deaths worldwide in 2012.
Global hunger declines for first time in 15 years: UN The number of global hungry has declined by nearly 10 percent, the first drop in the number of undernourished since 1995, the UN food agency said in its annual report on Tuesday. A total of 925 million people are undernourished in 2010 compared with 1.023 billion last year, revealing a drop of 9.6 percent, according to the FAO report to be published in full in October. "But with a child dying every six seconds because of undernourishment related problems, hunger remains the world's largest tragedy and scandal," said the Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO) Director-General Jacques Diouf. Some 98 percent of the world's hungry live in developing countries, and over 40 percent of those in China and India alone. Advertisement
A Map Of Where Your Food Originated May Surprise You Some people may be dimly aware that Thailand's chilies and Italy's tomatoes — despite being central to their respective local cuisines — originated in South America. Now, for the first time, a new study reveals the full extent of globalization in our food supply. More than two-thirds of the crops that underpin national diets originally came from somewhere else — often far away. And that trend has accelerated over the past 50 years. Colin Khoury, a plant scientist at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (known by its Spanish acronym CIAT) and the U.S.
$2.4M fund to develop products from bio-based feedstocks Thanks to a $1.09 million grant from the Michigan Strategic Fund, plus matching funds from Michigan State University (MSU), several bio-based MSU research projects will be fast-tracked for commercial development over the next three years. MSU recently received the funding from the Michigan Translational Research and Commercialization (“M-TRAC”) program as part of a state-wide initiative to invest in research areas that have shown promise in the laboratory, but need further development in order to become successful in a competitive market. With MSU’s matching funds, a total of $2.44 million will be focused on MSU biotechnology and bioprocessing innovations that have the potential to create superior value-added products and materials from agricultural-based feedstocks, such as: “The bio-based chemical industry is expected to grow to more than $450 billion by 2025,” says Richard Chylla, executive director of MSU Technologies.
theconversation Colonialism brought large-scale farming to Africa, promising modernisation and jobs – but often dispossessing people and exploiting workers. Now, after several decades of independence, and with investor interest growing, African governments are once again promoting large plantations and estates. But the new corporate interest in African agriculture has been criticised as a “land grab”. Small-scale farmers, on family land, are still the mainstay of African farming, producing 90% of its food. Only 3% of UK adults feel ashamed at wasting food, poll finds Only 3% of UK householders think there is a stigma attached to wasting food, while many try to save money by switching off lights or turning down the heating, instead of reducing food waste, according to a report. The Sainsbury’s survey of food waste habits shows that the vast majority of people fail to see the value of watching out for food waste, compared with other money-saving habits that have become second nature. According to the poll of more than 5,000 UK adults, 74% of householders actively turn lights off when they leave a room and 55% turn down the heating. Nearly one-third (32%) have changed energy suppliers to keep household bills down, saving an average of £200 a year. Collectively, these changes would save £305 a year, less than half of the £700 a typical family wastes on food that goes uneaten and is thrown away. In January, Sainsbury’s launched a partnership with the town of Swadlincote in Derbyshire, where it is spending £1m to cut food waste by trialling new technology.
40 years on, the 40 Hour Famine helped millions By 1978 the event was national, and now 400,000 people across 20 countries take part – or pretend to; Aussies and our Kiwi counterparts prove it’s tougher Down Under, with other countries holding 30, 24, 20, 12 and even eight hour famines! But when the cast of Neighbours joined the Famine in 1994, they committed to the full 40 hours, and in 1997 ABC hit Heartbreak High even staged a school sleepover for its characters as they swapped three square meals for barley sugars and water. Over the years millions of participants have either signed up to do their bit, or donated to someone doing the Famine. Actors Hugh Jackman, Rowena Wallace, Rebecca Gibney, Craig McLachlan, Jason Donovan, Andrew Daddo and Garry McDonald have all put their empty stomachs where their mouths are, as have sportsmen Dennis Lilley, David Boon and Andrew Gaze, and musicians Angry Anderson, Marina Prior and James Morrison. In the early 80s, drought gripped Ethiopia, and famine followed in 1984-85.
Irrigation and agriculture Agriculture: Agriculture the artificial cultivation (growing or rearing) of plants or animals. Agriculture that grows crops is known as arable agriculture, agriculture that involves rearing animals is known as pastoral agriculture.Agricultural land: This simply refers to land that is suitable for farming. The amount of agricultural land can be increased through irrigation and use of fertilisers. However, the amount of agricultural land may also decrease because of land degradation and desertification.Aquaculture: Aquaculture is the artificial farming of aquatic plants and animals. Aquaculture may take place in freshwater or seawater.Primary sector: Agriculture and and aquaculture are both in the primary sector of the economy. The primary sector extracts or harvests resources from the surface of the earth.Irrigation: This means artificially watering the land.
HB2 Bromine Precursor – A New Antimicrobial Intervention - Birko Food Processing Plant Cleaning Chemicals, Sanitation Chemicals and Delivery Equipment Controlled lab tests have shown that hypobromous acid (generated from Enviro Tech’s liquid HB2 precursor) is effective in reducing E. coli O157:H7 and other problem pathogens by as much as 99.959% in a one-minute period and up to 99.999% over five minutes.This compares favorably with other popular antimicrobial interventions in current use. HB2 offers specific advantages over other sources of hypobromous acid in cost, ease of application and safety. This all-liquid source of hypobromous acid offers significant advantages over the other source of hypobromous acid, DBDMH. Enviro Tech received FDA FCN (Food Contact Notification) 000944 for use of hybobromous acid from HB2 and has received GRAS (Generally Regarded As Safe) notification for use in meat plants. It is listed in 7120.1 R2 and may be used as intervention on red meat and poultry in USDA-inspected plants.
ited Nations Millennium Development Goals Disclaimer The United Nations is not responsible for the content of any messages posted on this site or sites linked from this page. The inclusion of a message does not imply the endorsement of the message by the United Nations. Target 7.A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources Forests are a safety net, especially for the poor, but they continue to disappear at an alarming rate. 40 things you didn't know about 40 Hour Famine World Vision Australia started the 40 Hour Famine in 1975, making it the big 4-0 this year. Australians have raised about $200 million over the past 40 years. (Pat yourself on the back.)
Water and change Physical Water Scarcity: Where the demand for water is greater than the supply of water. Physical water scarcity does not have to be an arid environment, because there demand for water in arid environments (deserts) is not normally low meaning that there is no shortage.Economic Water Scarcity: Where there is water available, but for some economic reason it is not possible to fully utilise the source of water. This might because extraction or transportation costs are too high, or because the water is polluted and it is not possible to treat it.Water Stress: When the demand for water exceeds supply during a set period of time leading to shortages.Safe Drinking Water: Water that is safe for human consumption. The water must be free from harmful pollutants and bacteria that could make people ill.UK water use worsening global crisis - BBC articleWater Policy Fails World Poor - BBC article Causes of Water Shortages Water shortages can be divided into a number of categories.
World of Food Science: Volume 14 - Education Volume 14: Education in Food Science and Technology This issue of The World of Food Science provides a brief synopsis of some aspects of food science and technology education discussed at the 16th World Congress of Food Science and Technology held at Iguazzu Falls, Brazil in August 2012: EC’s Trackfast Project: Training Requirements and Careers…European Food Science and Technology EducationIUFoST Guidelines for Curricula in Food ScienceFood S&T Undergraduate and Graduate Curricula in Canada and the USAFood S&T Curricula in Africa: Meeting Africa’s New Challenges…IUFoST Activities in Distance Education. Commencing in this volume on Education are three short introductions to aspects of food drying prepared by Don Mercer, University of Guelph, Canada as part of a series of community education activities for his local area. More will follow in future volumes: