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Handout: Negation with Nicht and Kein

Handout: Negation with Nicht and Kein
Use kein (and its inflected forms keine/keinen): Use nicht: Where does nicht go? Once you’ve decided to use nicht, you need to ask yourself: what am I negating? If you’re negating the entire idea of the sentence, or the verb itself, then nicht should go as far toward the end as possible. Because there is quite a bit of flexibility regarding the placement of nicht, we will not be testing it explicity at this point. For a true test of understanding the placement of nicht, compare the following sentences, all of which are correct in certain situations but carry different connotations: See if you can paraphrase these sentences in English in a similar way: Now negate the following sentences, using either nicht or a form of kein. Related:  GRAMMAR

Free German lessons: Learning German online for beginners Learn German - online, simple, independently and for free! 10 tables build up an overview of basic German grammar. Basic verb forms and an introduction to German syntax are presented in a simple and understandable way. This German course was compiled with total beginners in mind. Learn German online – it’s simple, self-regulating and free! Keep in mind that you do not need to have any background with German to start this course and learn German online for free! Find out about the state your German is in! Our beginner German lessons online are completely free! Are you interested in continuing your German language education by taking part in a course in Germany or Austria? Toms Deutschseite - Negation Aim of this section is to learn how to negate a statement. There are 2 words in German to negate a statement: keinnicht Negation with "kein" Negation with "nicht" The position of "nicht" in a sentence The position of "nicht" in a sentence depends on what you negate. Special negation with "nicht" A last hint

Übungen Grammatik Hier finden Sie Übungen zur Verbesserung Ihrer Grammatikkenntnisse. Hier finden Sie meine Übungsdatenbank zu deutschen Grammatik. Auch sie ist frei zugänglich, weil ich der Meinung bin, dass das Internet mit seinen Ressourcen allen zur Verfügung stehen muss. Das Copyright für alle Übungen - falls nicht anderweitig markiert - liegt jedoch bei mir, Michael Möbius. Hier noch einige Tipps zum Üben: Zu jedem Thema gibt es eine Reihe von Übungen. Themenübersicht Grammatik (anklicken): Zur Hauptseite Nach oben Kein or Nicht? What’s the difference? « JabbaLab Language Blog Kein and Nicht? One of the first confusions you will encounter when learning the German language is: What’s the difference between kein and nicht and when should you use them? The problem arises because in English we just have one word that covers both: not. When to use “nicht”? Okay, the quick answer is that nicht is used in any situation except in direct relation to a noun, then you use a form of kein. Example sentences: Ich kann hier nicht parken. ⇨ I can’t park here. When to use “kein”? When you want to use not or no in relation to a noun you should use a form of kein. Example sentences: Ich habe kein Sofa. ⇨ I don’t have a sofa. The different forms of kein follow the same rules as ein and are explained in our blog “The indefinite Article in a negative Statement.” When you first use these it will be confusing, but do not worry, you will pick it up quite quickly and it will soon become instinctive. Learn and enjoy the German language with Jabbalab!

Lesson 1: Introductions & Greetings | Yes German The very first thing you should learn in German is how to introduce yourself. For this, you will need to learn a verb, a pronoun, and basic sentence structure. You will also need to learn some basic greetings. It is helpful to learn the conjugations of new verbs as soon as you learn the verb. Look at the list of simple greetings and phrases below: Hallo Hello Guten Tag Good Day Guten Morgen Good morning Guten Abend Good evening Gute Nacht Good night Ja Yes Nein No Heißen verb meaning “to be called” or “am” Wie geht’s? Wie geht es dir? Gut good Nicht not Sehr very Und and Dir/dich you (not at the beginning of a sentence) Mir/mich Me Danke Thanks Bitte please Wie how Bis bald see you soon Bis morgen See you tomorrow Auf wiedersehen Goodbye Notice the verb on the chart is “heißen.” Look at the conjugation chart below to learn how to conjugate heißen. Ich heiße Du heißt Er/sie/es heißt Wir heißen Ihr heißt Sie/sie heißen Now, look at the sample conversation below. Andrea: Guten Tag! Markus: Guten Tag!

Teaching Materials • Lehrmaterialien For easier navigation and load times, I've divided these pages into eight categories. Grammar: covers all levels of basic German (first through fourth semester) as well as a few more advanced topics. Here you'll find worksheets -- most with answer keys available -- as well as web-based quizzes and self-tests on particular grammar topics. Vocabulary: has vocabulary worksheets on various thematic topics (e.g. clothing, food, environment, politics) for all levels of basic German. Also includes some web-based vocabulary quizzes and self-tests, as well as suggested vocabulary lists from various textbook chapters. Writing: a selection of writing assignments and project ideas for all levels of basic German, from very beginning to advanced composition. Culture: covers various cultural topics such as German history, German popular music, and geographical and political topics. Videos: supplementary in-class materials for German instructional video series.

Possessive Pronouns Introduction Dependent and independent possessive pronouns Dependent and independent possessive pronouns indicate possession/belonging. They must be declined, and their endings agree with the noun in question (see Declension). Dependent Possessive Pronouns Dependent possessive pronouns, like articles, come before the noun. Example: Das ist mein Koffer. Independent Possessive Pronouns Independent possessive pronouns replace a previously-mentioned noun. Wem gehört der Koffer? Negation Introduction We form negative sentences in German with the words nicht and kein. Using «nicht» We use nicht for the negation: of verbs(nicht comes at the end of the sentence with simple tenses, but with compound tenses it comes before the full verb at the end of the sentence)Example:Er schläft nicht.He’s not sleeping.Er hat gestern Nacht nicht geschlafen.He didn’t sleep last night.of nouns with definite articles or possessive pronouns(nicht comes before the definite article)Example:Er hat nicht das Essen bezahlt, sondern die Getränke.He paid for the drinks, not the food.Ich habe nicht seine Adresse, sondern ihre.I have her address, not his.of proper names(nicht comes before the proper name)Example:Das ist nicht Udos Auto, sondern Susis.This is not Udo’s car, it’s Susi’s.of pronouns(nicht comes before the pronoun)Example:Ich habe nicht dich gerufen, sondern Petra.I called Petra, not you.of adjectives(nicht comes before the adjective)Example:Das ist nicht fair! To Note Using «kein» Example:

Related:  negation