SFI takes first steps toward a science of slums | Santa Fe Institute - Iceweasel Feb. 6, 2013 8 p.m. Slums in the world’s fast-growing cities are often seen as problems and, in most cases, outside the law. But, from Paris and Tokyo 150 years ago to Mumbai and Johannesburg today, slums consistently emerge as a byproduct of the socioeconomic pressures of rapid urbanization, and they often don’t get the credit they deserve as entry points to the city for poor migrants, or for the economic activity they generate. With as many as a billion people now living in slums, understanding what might place these communities and their cities on paths of increasing socioeconomic opportunity is a priority. A new research project now under way at SFI, in collaboration with the nonprofit Slum Dwellers International (SDI) and backed by a generous grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, seeks to expand the scientific study of urban slums worldwide. Read the article in Txchnologist (January 22, 2013) More about SFI's research of the science of cities here. Read the MediaBistro article
About Slum Upgrading | Cities Alliance What are slums? The word “slum” is often used to describe informal settlements within cities that have inadequate housing and squalid, miserable living conditions. They are often overcrowded, with many people crammed into very small living spaces. These settlements lack basic municipal services such as water, sanitation, waste collection, storm drainage, street lighting, paved sidewalks and roads for emergency access. Like all informal settlements, housing in slums is built on land that the occupant does not have a legal claim to and without any urban planning or adherence to zoning regulations. All slums are not the same, and some provide better living conditions than others. Slums are also a significant economic force. Today, more than one billion people in the world live in slums. UN-HABITAT defines a slum household as a group of individuals living under the same roof in an urban area who lack one or more of the following: Back to top Why do slums develop? Population growth Governance
La Via Campesina airoots/eirut Tierra Construida / Terre Construite » Hassan Fathy, construire avec ou pour le peuple ? par Thierry Paquot Cet article de Thierry Paquot a paru initialement dans les Cahiers d’histoire (n°109, juillet/septembre 2009). La présente version, quelque peu remaniée, a été relue et approuvée par l’auteur. L’architecte égyptien Hassan Fathy (1900-1989) est avant tout mondialement connu pour son ouvrage, Gourna, a Tale of two villages, publié en anglais au Caire en 1969 et traduit en de nombreuses langues, dont le français dès 1970 sous le titre plus combatif et militant de Construire avec le peuple (éditions Jérôme Martineau, nombreuses rééditions chez Sindbad, puis Actes Sud). Il ne faudrait pas pour autant minorer son œuvre architecturale ou sous-estimer ses autres interventions théoriques et politiques sur l’extension du Caire ou plus généralement sur l’urbanisme. Ancien et nouveau village Une fois le site retenu, il convient d’exploiter au mieux les traditions locales. Quarante ans après
Cities, Scaling and Sustainability | Santa Fe Institute - Iceweasel Organizers: Luis Bettencourt, Geoffrey West Cities, Scaling, and Sustainability SFI's Cities, Scaling, and Sustainability research effort is creating an interdisciplinary approach and quantitative synthesis of organizational and dynamical aspects of human social organizations, with an emphasis on cities. Different disciplinary perspectives are being integrated in terms of the search for similar dependences of urban indicators on population size - scaling analysis - and other variables that characterize the system as a whole. A particularly important focus of this research area is to develop theoretical insights about cities that can inform quantitative analyses of their long-term sustainability in terms of the interplay between innovation, resource appropriation, and consumption and the make up of their social and economic activity.
Slum Dwellers International Slum Dwellers International (SDI) is a global non-governmental organization (NGO) started in 1996 that manages networks of the urban poor and slum dwellers that are organized into federations and which are usually based in the Global South. SDI affiliates range from groups of a few hundred (at present) in Zambia to more than a million-and-a-half in India. Some are decades old, others have been in existence for less than a year. SDI has a presence in the following countries; Cambodia, India, Kenya (see "Camp of Fire" project), Namibia, Nepal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Thailand, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Uganda, Colombia, Indonesia, Malawi, Lesotho, Tanzania, Zambia, Argentina, Brazil and Ghana. The headquarters and secretariat are located in Cape Town, South Africa, and from here the organization spreads its mandate. Support Solidarity References External links
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