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Meme selection

Meme selection
Francis HEYLIGHEN CLEA, Free University of Brussels, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium E-mail:, To be published in: Proc. 15th Int. Congress on Cybernetics (Association Internat. de Cybernétique, Namur). ABSTRACT. Introduction Cultural evolution, including the evolution of knowledge, can be modelled through the same basic principles of variation and selection that underlie biological evolution (Boyd & Richerson, 1985; Cavalli-Sforza & Feldman, 1981). To be replicated, a meme must pass successfully through four subsequent stages: 1) assimilation by an individual, who thereby becomes a host of the meme; 2) retention in that individual's memory; 3) expression by the individual in language, behavior or another form that can be perceived by others; 4) transmission of the thus created message or meme vehicle to one or more other individuals. The four stages of meme replication Assimilation Retention Expression Transmission Meme fitness F(m) = A(m) . Objective Criteria Conclusion Related:  99 BottlesResources and Other Collections

#5 Universe Ring To22 created something nearly perfect. A continuous ring, delicately proportioned, beautifully polished and seemingly flawless. There is only one tiny imperfection. The curse of the herd I confess I'm biased . I get very irritated by mindless conformity , even about silly, inconsequential things. I find it exasperating, for instance, when people can’t decide for themselves if a song is beautiful or a person attractive. But perhaps I’m affected more than I know. There’s reason to think that we are designed to conform, that our ancestors evolved a sensitivity to social cues and a tendency to adopt group norms. Sometimes the majority’s got practical information to share – information that is objectively helpful, like how to catch a fish or prevent infection. In other cases, group norms are arbitrary, but useful when everyone agrees on them. There is also the sort of conformity that exists for purely social reasons. I understand why such social conformity is important. Sample stimulus from Asch experiment In a famous experimental paradigm created by Solomon Asch, people are asked to judge which among a series of lines are the same length. What does it mean? More reading

Talking With God I met god the other day. I know what you're thinking. How the hell did you know it was god? Well, I'll explain as we go along, but basically he convinced me by having all, and I do mean ALL, the answers. Which is odd, because I'm still an atheist and we even agree on that! It all started on the 8.20 back from Paddington. What did he look like? Well not what you might have expected that's for sure. 'Anyone sitting here?' 'Help yourself' I replied. Sits down, relaxes, I ignore and back to the correspondence on genetically modified crops entering the food chain... Train pulls out and a few minutes later he speaks. 'Can I ask you a question?' Fighting to restrain my left eyebrow I replied 'Yes' in a tone which was intended to convey that I might not mind one question, and possibly a supplementary, but I really wasn't in the mood for a conversation. 'Why don't you believe in god?' The Bastard! I love this kind of conversation and can rabbit on for hours about the nonsense of theist beliefs. 'Stottle.

Steve Dutch Home Page Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay e-mail: This Home Page: Active links are indicated. Other items are projected or under development: Outside Searchers - Please Read This First A note of caution about using this site. Contents Note: The main headings are internal links to places further down the page where more specific information is provided. General Information I'm retired so unless I teach a course ad-hoc, no schedule will be posted. Course Information (Most Recent Syllabi) University Survival Guide Personal biographical information (Sorry, nothing incriminating!) Research and Personal Scholarly Interest Geology Mapping Other Science Topics Publications and Presentations History and Travel My Web Philosophy We've all heard that a million monkeys banging on a million typewriters will eventually reproduce the entire works of Shakespeare. It's not so much surfing as Dumpster-Diving. Citations

Machine Elves 101, or Why Terence McKenna Matters If anyone ever wanted to get to know me (i.e., what makes Daniel tick) the first thing I would have to tell them is, "Read Terence McKenna." In online forums and real life scenarios alike, I quote McKenna like Jules Winnfield quotes Ezekiel in Pulp Fiction. Passionate. A few weeks ago my friend Michelle suggested I write a "Terence for Dummies" piece. The Background Terence Kemp McKenna (November 16, 1946 -- April 3, 2000) was born under the auspices of a conventional upbringing. Settling on the outskirts of the Mission at La Chorrera, it was the events that transpired during this crusade that became the catalyst of McKenna's ideas. The Experiment It was here that Terence and his party became acquainted with Stropharia cubensis fungi (now known as Psilocybe cubensis). In essence, you can change reality while tripping on ‘shrooms. The bread crumbs leading the McKenna brothers to this perspective was in fact the shamanic method. The Result Time stopped, became tangible. The Revival The Elves

#5 Universe Ring To22 created something nearly perfect. A continuous ring, delicately proportioned, beautifully polished and seemingly flawless. There is only one tiny imperfection. Only magnification reveals the actual object set within the miniature interior. It is a model of the known universe. Now you may be asking yourself; how does that little vortex-looking spiral thingie represent the Universe? The Collaboration Kings To22 is a joint design collaborative with the aim of provoking new ways of thinking. Designer Todd Bracher lives and works in London; designer/filmmaker Efe Buluc resides in Istanbul; and designer Mark Goetz is based in New York City. Contact: (212) 989-7607 check out their site for more projects and design concepts. To make a martini you will need a glass, gin, some dry vermouth, and, of course, an olive. We have all broken something by accident. If you enjoyed this post, the Sifter highly recommends:

Thruston Tablet Notes Thruston Tablet Notes Front Matter 1 General Gates P. Thruston, The Antiquities of Tennessee and the Adjacent States, and the State of Aboriginal Society in the Scale of Civilization Represented by Them; a Series of Historical and Ethnological Studies (Cincinnati: The R. Clarke Company, 1897) 90, Plate 2. Vincas P. §1. 1 Steponaitis, Knight, Lankford, Sharp, and Dye, "Iconography of the Thruston Tablet," 137-176. 9.1 Mallery says that the Anishinaabeg pictograph above (67) denotes the sun, but cites Schoolcraft as his source, who actually says that it means "time." §2. 1 Seneca — "98. 3 In this gorget from Tennessee, we see the woodpeckers arranged at the four quarters with a sun symbol in the center. ... the second half of the raccoon's scientific name, lotor, means "washer." Samuel I.

The EGG Story by Roger Nelson, early 2002 Someday after mastering winds, waves, tides and gravity, we shall harness the energies of love, and then, for the second time in the history of the world, man will discover fire. — Teilhard de Chardin1 Part 1: History and Connections There are times when we share with others a special, fully interconnected consciousness. The research described here points to subtle indications that we do live in an interconnected, potentially conscious world, in which we surely play an important role. The Global Consciousness Project An international collaboration of researchers interested in the extraordinary potentials of consciousness is responsible for an experimental project that is asking whether some faint glimmering of a coherent global consciousness can be observed. The project emerges out of scientific efforts to study direct effects of consciousness on physical systems.3 The possibility that mind can be instrumental in the world is an idea with a turbulent history.

Trump’s Fake War on the Fake News Seven days before Donald Trump took office, the inauguration festivities got off to a low-key start inside a modest conference room at the Capitol Hill offices of the American Trucking Associations. There, a hundred-odd familiar faces from the Washington set gathered to fête one of their own, incoming White House press secretary Sean Spicer. The party spilled out into the hallway as entrepreneur Susanna Quinn, ubiquitous Republican consultant Ron Bonjean and Spicer’s wife, Rebecca, a staffer at the National Beer Wholesalers Association, rubbed shoulders with CBS’ White House correspondent Major Garrett and its political editor Steve Chaggaris, Time’s Zeke Miller and several journalists from CNN, including Washington bureau chief Sam Feist. Spicer arrived late, but in good spirits, and after 20 minutes of schmoozing he strode to the front of the room to deliver brief remarks. Story Continued Below In public, Trump’s team and the press had been engaged in bitter clashes for months.

Lucian Galtier's Recollections of his mission to Minnesota Lucian Galtier's Letter to Bishop Grace of St. Paul An account of his mission in Minnesota January 14 1864 Your favor of the 4th inst., I received this week. The boat landed at the foot of Fort Snelling, then garrisoned by a few companies of regular soldiers under command of Major Plympton. I introduced myself to Mr. On the Fort Snelling side I had under my care besides some soldiers, six families: Resche, Papin, Quinn, Campbell, Bruce, and Resicko; and on the St Peter side, besides some unmarried men in the employ of the company, five families: Faribault, Martin, Lord and two Turpins. A circumstance rather sad in itself commenced to better my situation by procuring for me a new station and a variety in my scenes of labor. Three points were offered. In the month of October 1841, I had, on the above stated, place logs cut and prepared and soon a poor log church that would remind one of the stable of Bethlehem was built. The name St. Lucian Galtier

Metagifted Education Resource Organization: Home Building biology There are 25 Principles of Building Biology [1], which govern the decision making of Building Biologists. Effects of poor building[edit] After World War II, new houses were rapidly built in Germany to accommodate the growing population. Studies[2] of these new houses found an unusual patterns of illnesses. From these discoveries a study[2][3] began in earnest among a few individuals to catalog and characterize these VOCs. Helmut Ziehe, Graduate of the original Baubiologie training and Architect, introduced building biology to the United States. Another Graduate of the original Baubiologie training and also Architect, Reinhard Kanuka Fuchs, introduced building biology to New Zealand. Criticism[edit] Some practices of building biology conflict with the International Building Code, which is enforced by various government agencies. See also[edit] External links[edit] References[edit] [Australian Society of Building Biologists]

What Are Indigo and Crystal Children and Adults Spanish/Espanol How do you know if you, or someone you know, is an Indigo or Crystal Child or Adult? We will describe the main features and characteristics of these people. The Indigo Children have been incarnating on the Earth for the last 100 years. The Crystal Children began to appear on the planet from about 2000, although some date them slightly earlier. The Indigo and Crystal Adults are composed of two groups. The following extract describes the difference between Indigo and Crystal Children. The first thing most people notice about Crystal Children is their eyes, large, penetrating, and wise beyond their years. The older children (approximately age 7 through 25), called "indigo Children", share some characteristics with the Crystal Children. Those adults who resist change and who value conformity may misunderstand the Indigos. The terms "Indigo" and "Crystal" were given to these two generations because they most accurately describe their aura colours and energy patterns.