Nineteen Eighty-Four History and title A 1947 draft manuscript of the first page of Nineteen Eighty-Four, showing the editorial development. The Last Man in Europe was an early title for the novel but in a letter dated 22 October 1948 to his publisher Fredric Warburg, eight months before publication, Orwell wrote about hesitating between The Last Man in Europe and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Warburg suggested changing the main title to a more commercial one. Copyright status The novel will be in the public domain in the European Union and Russia in 2021 and in the United States in 2044. It is already in the public domain in Canada; South Africa, Argentina Australia, and Oman. Background The banner of the Party in the 1984 film adaptation of the book (I) the upper-class Inner Party, the elite ruling minority, who make up 2% of the population. As the government, the Party controls the population with four ministries: Plot Characters Principal characters
Brave New World Classic 1932 science fiction novel by Aldous Huxley In 1999, the Modern Library ranked Brave New World as #5 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. In 2003, Robert McCrum, writing for The Observer, included Brave New World chronologically at #53 in "the top 100 greatest novels of all time", and the novel was listed at #87 on The Big Read survey by the BBC. Title O wonder! Translations of the title often allude to similar expressions used in domestic works of literature: the French edition of the work is entitled Le Meilleur des mondes (The Best of All Worlds), an allusion to an expression used by the philosopher Gottfried Leibniz and satirised in Candide, Ou l'Optimisme by Voltaire (1759). History Huxley said that Brave New World was inspired by the utopian novels of H. Plot Characters Bernard Marx, a sleep-learning specialist at the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. Benito Hoover, Another of Lenina's lovers.
The 6 Most WTF Protesters Ever Photographed We've covered badass protesters like these before, but their way of protesting injustice -- repeatedly swinging their giant testicles into hypocrisy like a pair of fleshy wrecking balls until the whole damn system comes tumbling down -- is not the only way. Peaceful movements can be quite effective too. Reason, logic and empathy are all equally excellent tools of opposition, if employed correctly. And hey, if all that shit fails, you can always try complete and utter madness. #6. "Welp. Nobody sings the blues like a black man. This particular image is of a South Korean soccer fan after his team lost to Switzerland in the 2006 World Cup. And he's right. #5. Jesus. Nope: It's the dog. Are they fleeing together from an unseen enemy, or is Riot Dog just about to fuck up a brother with poor color coordination skills? Keen observers will note that, holy shit, that's the same Gas Mask Guy from the last article! A riot dog has been seen in every single riot in Greece for over a decade now. #4.
Alan Moore Alan Moore (born 18 November 1953) is an English writer primarily known for his work in comic books including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, and From Hell. Frequently described as the best graphic novel writer in history, he has been called "one of the most important British writers of the last fifty years". He has occasionally used such pseudonyms as Curt Vile, Jill de Ray, Translucia Baboon and The Original Writer. Moore is an occultist, ceremonial magician, and anarchist, and has featured such themes in works including Promethea, From Hell, and V for Vendetta, as well as performing avant-garde spoken word occult "workings" with The Moon and Serpent Grand Egyptian Theatre of Marvels, some of which have been released on CD. Early life "LSD was an incredible experience. Not that I'm recommending it for anybody else; but for me it kind of – it hammered home to me that reality was not a fixed thing. Alan Moore (2003)(pp19–20) Career Early career: 1978–1980
Waiting for Godot Plot Act I Estragon soon dozes off, but, after rousing him, Vladimir is not interested in hearing about Estragon's dreams—another recurring motif. Estragon wants to hear an old joke, which Vladimir starts but cannot finish, as he is urgently compelled to rush off and urinate due to a kidney ailment that pains him whenever he laughs. Estragon next suggests that they hang themselves, but they abandon the idea when their strategy seems infeasible. Estragon asks what Godot is going to do for them once he arrives, but "Oh ... nothing very definite" is the best that Vladimir can manage. When Estragon declares that he is hungry, Vladimir provides a carrot (among a collection of turnips), at which Estragon idly gnaws, loudly reiterating their boredom. Vladimir and Estragon begin to reflect on the encounter, with Vladimir suspecting that they have met Pozzo and Lucky before. Act II Characters Vladimir and Estragon Pozzo and Lucky The Boy
Tease: Special Edition Anonymous Suicide in The Louise Boat INTO: Intelligent, non-violent civil disobedience for the betterment of society. Sailing the high seas, topiary and all manner of similarly artistic shrubbery.NOT INTO: Corrupt governments, corporate greed, injustice, the suppression of rights, violence.MAKES ME HAPPY: The lulz. MAKES ME SAD: Uniformed opinions, unintelligent actions based on uniformed opinions, human and animal cruelty.HOBBIES: Studying topiary, driving luxury cars, and cruising on the Louise Boat.5 THINGS I CAN’T LIVE WITHOUT: A laptop, a high speed internet connection, life, liberty, and the pursuit of lulz.VICES: Having too much fun.I SPEND MOST OF MY FREE TIME: Poking around your hard drive.
George Orwell English author and journalist (1903–1950) Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist, and critic. His work is characterised by lucid prose, social criticism, opposition to totalitarianism, and support of democratic socialism. Blair was born in India, and raised and educated in England. After school he became an Imperial policeman in Burma, before returning to Suffolk, England, where he began his writing career as George Orwell—a name inspired by a favourite location, the River Orwell. Life Early years Blair family home at Shiplake, Oxfordshire Before the First World War, the family moved 2 miles (3 km) south to Shiplake, Oxfordshire, where Eric became friendly with the Buddicom family, especially their daughter Jacintha. In January, Blair took up the place at Wellington, where he spent the Spring term. Policing in Burma Blair pictured in a passport photo in Burma. Works:
The Great Gatsby Fitzgerald—inspired by the parties he had attended while visiting Long Island's north shore—began planning the novel in 1923, desiring to produce, in his words, "something new—something extraordinary and beautiful and simple and intricately patterned." Progress was slow, with Fitzgerald completing his first draft following a move to the French Riviera in 1924. His editor, Maxwell Perkins, felt the book was too vague and convinced the author to revise over the next winter. Fitzgerald was ambivalent about the book's title, at various times wishing to re-title the novel Trimalchio in West Egg. First published by Scribner's in April 1925, The Great Gatsby received mixed reviews and sold poorly; in its first year, the book sold only 20,000 copies. Historical context Set on the prosperous Long Island of 1922, The Great Gatsby provides a critical social history of America during the Roaring Twenties within its narrative. Plot summary Major characters Cover art
DÉFINITION les Précieuses ridicules Comédie en 1 acte et en prose de Molière (1659) ; sa première création parisienne et son premier succès. Rire des travers de ses contemporains Magdelon et Cathos, deux jeunes bourgeoises fraîchement débarquées de province et désireuses de compter dans la société parisienne, ont refusé les demandes en mariage des jeunes seigneurs La Grange et Du Croisy. En effet, les deux prétendants, loin d'être de « beaux esprits », manquent cruellement de galanterie et ignorent tout des raffinements de la carte du Tendre. Magdelon et Cathos sont ridicules, car elles ne sont que des caricatures de précieuses. Molière chef de troupe s'était donné pour la création de la pièce le rôle masculin principal, celui du marquis-valet Mascarille, et prenait le grand comédien Jodelet aux concurrents. La farce satirique fait mouche. Morceaux choisis Vite, voiturez-nous ici les commodités de la conversation. (Scène 9, Magdelon). (Scène 9, Cathos). Les gens de qualité savent tout sans avoir jamais rien appris.
Les précieuses ridicules, quelques éléments