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Strange loop

Strange loop
A strange loop arises when, by moving only upwards or downwards through a hierarchical system, one finds oneself back to where one started. Strange loops may involve self-reference and paradox. The concept of a strange loop was proposed and extensively discussed by Douglas Hofstadter in Gödel, Escher, Bach, and is further elaborated in Hofstadter's book I Am a Strange Loop, published in 2007. A tangled hierarchy is a hierarchical consciousness system in which a strange loop appears. Definitions[edit] A strange loop is a hierarchy of levels, each of which is linked to at least one other by some type of relationship. In I Am a Strange Loop, Hofstadter defines strange loops as follows: In cognitive science[edit] Hofstadter argues that the psychological self arises out of a similar kind of paradox. Strangeness[edit] Downward causality[edit] Hofstadter claims a similar "flipping around of causality" appears to happen in minds possessing self-consciousness. Examples[edit] See also[edit] Tanenbaum, P. Related:  neuropharmacology/(religious/spiritual)

I Am a Strange Loop I Am a Strange Loop is a 2007 book by Douglas Hofstadter, examining in depth the concept of a strange loop to explain the sense of "I". The concept of a strange loop was originally developed in his 1979 book Gödel, Escher, Bach. Hofstadter had previously expressed disappointment with how Gödel, Escher, Bach, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1980 for general nonfiction, was received. In the preface to its 20th-anniversary edition, Hofstadter laments that the book was perceived as a hodgepodge of neat things with no central theme. He states: "GEB is a very personal attempt to say how it is that animate beings can come out of inanimate matter. What is a self, and how can a self come out of stuff that is as selfless as a stone or a puddle?" Hofstadter seeks to remedy this problem in I Am a Strange Loop by focusing and expounding on the central message of Gödel, Escher, Bach. See also[edit] References[edit] Jump up ^ Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1999).

Tom Ellard Have you ever wondered what it would be like to immerse yourself in a purely abstract environment where vision and sound act together as music? Australian musician Tom Ellard did – and went to extraordinary lengths to bring his vision to reality in the form of “Hauntology House,” an incredible pioneering online toy developed for Australia’s Adelaide Festival in association with ABC Arts. Created by Tom Ellard, a pioneering sound artist who is best known for his role as front man and creative leader of seminal Australian electronic group Severed Heads, “Hauntology House” or just [HH] is a musical toy for your computer – and so much more. “The indie game scene is starting to compare their work to music albums. As a musician I'm coming back the other way - I always wanted to make a music album which you could play like a game,” says Ellard on the ABC Arts website. At its essence, HH is an album where you walk around inside and operate some of the music yourself.

An Interview with Douglas R. Hofstadter, following ''I am a Strange Loop'' Douglas R. Hofstadter is best-known for his book Gödel, Escher, Bach (GEB for short). In his latest book, I am a Strange Loop, he visits once again many of the themes originally presented in that book. The interview below was conducted in September 2007 and was originally published, in Hebrew, in the online culture magazine Haayal Hakore. The interview was conducted by Tal Cohen and Yarden Nir-Buchbinder. The first part of I am a Strange Loop reads like a condensed version of GEB, by explaining the idea of consciousness as a strange loop. I certainly did not believe intelligent machines were just around the corner when I wrote GEB. Am I disappointed by the amount of progress in cognitive science and AI in the past 30 years or so? I am a deep admirer of humanity at its finest and deepest and most powerful — of great people such as Helen Keller, Albert Einstein, Ella Fitzgerald, Albert Schweitzer, Frederic Chopin, Raoul Wallenberg, Fats Waller, and on and on. We'll return to Kurzweil soon.

kennardphillipps War on War Room Workshop War on War Room workshop at the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum War on War Room workshop at the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum SEE MORE > thursday 7th April kennardphillipps talk 8.30pm, ‘It’s your write’ at museum of childhood we’ll be projecting a short view of our work on thursday 7th April at 8.30pm at the museum of childhood in bethnal green hosting an open debate on freedom of speech freedom of expression and art and activism Streetlevel, Glasgow 2004 photomontage workshop at Streetlevel in Glasgow Vrije Akademie, Den Haag, Netherlands, 2007 we ran a workshop at the free academy alongside the show, GreenZone/Red Zone, art students and regular citizens turned up to cut up and experiment with a print of the soldier kicking the door of an Iraqui's home - we had used the sme image in making Soldier #1 cutting up the soldier Soldier#1, kennardphillipps, pigment,charcoal,paper on newspaper, 270cm x 700cm 2006

Syncretism Syncretism /ˈsɪŋkrətɪzəm/ is the combining of different, often seemingly contradictory beliefs, while melding practices of various schools of thought. Syncretism involves the merger and analogizing of several originally discrete traditions, especially in the theology and mythology of religion, thus asserting an underlying unity and allowing for an inclusive approach to other faiths. Syncretism also occurs commonly in expressions of arts and culture (known as eclecticism) as well as politics (syncretic politics). Nomenclature, orthography, and etymology[edit] The Oxford English Dictionary first attests the word syncretism in English in 1618. The Greek word occurs in Plutarch's (1st century AD) essay on "Fraternal Love" in his Moralia (2.490b). Erasmus probably coined the modern usage of the Latin word in his Adagia ("Adages"), published in the winter of 1517–1518, to designate the coherence of dissenters in spite of their differences in theological opinions. Religious syncretism[edit]

Yves Marchand & Romain Meffre Sam Harris on Spirituality without Religion, Happiness, and How to Cultivate the Art of Presence by Maria Popova “Our world is dangerously riven by religious doctrines that all educated people should condemn, and yet there is more to understanding the human condition than science and secular culture generally admit.” Nietzsche’s famous proclamation that “God is dead” is among modern history’s most oft-cited aphorisms, and yet as is often the case with its ilk, such quotations often miss the broader context in a way that bespeaks the lazy reductionism with which we tend to approach questions of spirituality today. Nietzsche himself clarified the full dimension of his statement six years later, in a passage from The Twilight of Idols, where he explained that “God” simply signified the supersensory realm, or “true world,” and wrote: “We have abolished the true world. Sam Harris by Bara Vetenskap Harris writes: Our minds are all we have. Most of us spend our time seeking happiness and security without acknowledging the underlying purpose of our search. Donating = Loving Share on Tumblr

The Art of Building 2012 photography competition finalists A decaying mosque synagogue, a staircase of scaffolding and the steel structure of London's Olympic stadium feature in the twelve shortlisted images from a photography competition to capture architecture from around the world. Top: A Place for Aitor Ortiz Above: Faith Keeper One image depicts a factory warehouse that looks more like a temple, while others show a brick kiln in Vietnam, a spiral staircase in Singapore and a shack made from scrap materials in South Africa. Above: Sea of Stairs UK organisation the Chartered Institute of Building will award a prize of £2,000 to the winning photographer of the Art of Building contest, who will be chosen by a public vote. Above: Construction You can register your vote for free by visiting the competition website before 6 September. Above: Eagle Eye We've featured stories about two of the projects featured in the photographs; the London 2012 Olympic Stadium and the NHow Hotel Berlin. Above: Shacks built out of necessity Above: In the Brick Kiln

Erowid Building Photography Varieties of Nondual Realization (c) Copyright 2006 by Timothy Conway [Note: This paper was originally written as a rather free-wheeling overview essay for professionals in the mental health field and/or satsang leaders of nondually-oriented gatherings. For this web-version of the essay, I have removed all diacritical marks. Boldfaced numbers refer to endnotes at the end of the essay.] Right HERE is the Heart of existence—Pure Solid Awareness—the profound Truth or Reality1 of whatever experience/experiencer arises. This is Nondual Realization, the quintessential mystical experiencing. In the grand dream of life, it is historically significant that western psychology, through the work of cutting-edge theorists and clinicians, has increasingly integrated the traditionally mystical-spiritual nondual perspective. In this genuine nondual awakening, the chronic felt-sense of identifying with the particular yields unto realization of operating from and flourishing as the Whole. 4) Nonduality in emotional experience.

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Psilocybin Advanced Cancer Anxiety Study The primary objective of this double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study is to assess the efficacy of psilocybin administration (4-phosphoryloxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine), a serotonergic psychoactive agent, on psychosocial distress, with the specific primary outcome variable being anxiety associated with cancer. Secondary outcome measures will look at the effect of psilocybin on symptoms of pain perception, depression, existential/psychospiritual distress, attitudes towards disease progression and death, quality of life, and spiritual/mystical states of consciousness. In addition, a secondary objective of the study is to determine the feasibility of administering psilocybin to this patient population, with regards to the following issues: safety, patient recruitment, consent for treatment, and retention. The duration of the proposed investigation will be long enough to administer the drug one time to each of thirty-two patients and to conduct follow-up assessments.