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Strange loop

Strange loop
A strange loop arises when, by moving only upwards or downwards through a hierarchical system, one finds oneself back to where one started. Strange loops may involve self-reference and paradox. The concept of a strange loop was proposed and extensively discussed by Douglas Hofstadter in Gödel, Escher, Bach, and is further elaborated in Hofstadter's book I Am a Strange Loop, published in 2007. A tangled hierarchy is a hierarchical consciousness system in which a strange loop appears. Definitions[edit] A strange loop is a hierarchy of levels, each of which is linked to at least one other by some type of relationship. In I Am a Strange Loop, Hofstadter defines strange loops as follows: In cognitive science[edit] Hofstadter argues that the psychological self arises out of a similar kind of paradox. Strangeness[edit] Downward causality[edit] Hofstadter claims a similar "flipping around of causality" appears to happen in minds possessing self-consciousness. Examples[edit] See also[edit] Tanenbaum, P. Related:  neuropharmacology/(religious/spiritual)

STB tek and pictorial - UPDATED - The Psychedelic Experience AFOAF sent me these pics and instructions. Please follow precisely for success: Take 1 qt. Ball jar, add 600cc's cool, DISTILLED water. SLOWLY add 100 grams 100% NaOH while gently stirring in WELL VENTILATED area. When basified solution is made and clears, measure out 100 G highly pulverized MHRB and add to jar of basified water. Place lid on jar and swirl to wet and "sink" all the powdered bark. Notice how we still have plenty of room to add VM & P naphtha...LATER., it has been 24 hrs since MHRB has been soaking in the basified water. After 24 hours, your naphtha will have a yellow cast. Use your turkey baster, and remove ~HALF the naphtha, or 75cc's and place it in your 1/2 pint jar. Note how CLEAN the naphtha is. Cap the 1/2 pint jar and put it in the friggin coldest freezer you have. Slowly, carefully pour the naphtha back into the basified water, leaving the crystals, which will stick to the glass, behind. Put the 1/2 pint jar aside to allow the crystals to COMPLETELY dry.

I Am a Strange Loop I Am a Strange Loop is a 2007 book by Douglas Hofstadter, examining in depth the concept of a strange loop to explain the sense of "I". The concept of a strange loop was originally developed in his 1979 book Gödel, Escher, Bach. Hofstadter had previously expressed disappointment with how Gödel, Escher, Bach, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1980 for general nonfiction, was received. In the preface to its 20th-anniversary edition, Hofstadter laments that the book was perceived as a hodgepodge of neat things with no central theme. He states: "GEB is a very personal attempt to say how it is that animate beings can come out of inanimate matter. What is a self, and how can a self come out of stuff that is as selfless as a stone or a puddle?" Hofstadter seeks to remedy this problem in I Am a Strange Loop by focusing and expounding on the central message of Gödel, Escher, Bach. See also[edit] References[edit] Jump up ^ Hofstadter, Douglas R. (1999).

Planetary Harmonics & Neuro-biological Resonances in Light, Sound, & Brain Wave Frequencies; Including the translation of sound to color Copyright © 2003-2014 Nick Anthony Fiorenza, All Rights Reserved New sections added: How to convert musical notes to color. Musical notes and Keyboard colors. Play Pythagorean vs. The Measurement of Light Converting Audio Tones to the Visible Spectrum of Light - Color Before getting into Planetary Harmonics and Bio-harmonic resonances, let us first explore the octave of visible light, that which the human eye sees, and its relation to sound. Frequency is a measure of how many waves occur in a given moment of time. If we were to raise middle C, which has a frequency of ~523 Hertz, by forty octaves (523 times 2 forty times), we would have a very high frequency of 5.75044581 x 1014 Hertz. Waves of light are quite short. Converting Frequency to Wavelength To convert a frequency to wavelength, we divide the "speed of light" by the frequency. First we must raise 440 Hz forty octaves (440 times 2, forty times).

An Interview with Douglas R. Hofstadter, following ''I am a Strange Loop'' Douglas R. Hofstadter is best-known for his book Gödel, Escher, Bach (GEB for short). In his latest book, I am a Strange Loop, he visits once again many of the themes originally presented in that book. The interview below was conducted in September 2007 and was originally published, in Hebrew, in the online culture magazine Haayal Hakore. The interview was conducted by Tal Cohen and Yarden Nir-Buchbinder. The first part of I am a Strange Loop reads like a condensed version of GEB, by explaining the idea of consciousness as a strange loop. I certainly did not believe intelligent machines were just around the corner when I wrote GEB. Am I disappointed by the amount of progress in cognitive science and AI in the past 30 years or so? I am a deep admirer of humanity at its finest and deepest and most powerful — of great people such as Helen Keller, Albert Einstein, Ella Fitzgerald, Albert Schweitzer, Frederic Chopin, Raoul Wallenberg, Fats Waller, and on and on. We'll return to Kurzweil soon.

The Nexian DMT Handbook The production and use of DMT (N,N-Dimethyltryptamine), otherwise known as "Spice", is a practice that resonates strongly with the complementary qualities of ancient shamanic and alchemical spiritual practice as well as contemporary DIY (Do It Yourself) ethic. The production of spice is a discipline unlike that of most other commonly manufactured drugs, as it is not as well suited for bulk-production nor production for the purpose of sale as most well-known and intensively manufactured substances. As such, its use is generally inseparable from its production in practice and in spirit. The production of DMT most commonly entails its extraction from botanical sources and only very rarely entails its synthesis. In this way, its production still strongly resembles its more ancient preparations by manner of brewing, a simple form of aqueous extraction still commonly performed to this day. Please take the time to seek further elaboration at the following resources: The DMT-Nexus

Syncretism Syncretism /ˈsɪŋkrətɪzəm/ is the combining of different, often seemingly contradictory beliefs, while melding practices of various schools of thought. Syncretism involves the merger and analogizing of several originally discrete traditions, especially in the theology and mythology of religion, thus asserting an underlying unity and allowing for an inclusive approach to other faiths. Syncretism also occurs commonly in expressions of arts and culture (known as eclecticism) as well as politics (syncretic politics). Nomenclature, orthography, and etymology[edit] The Oxford English Dictionary first attests the word syncretism in English in 1618. The Greek word occurs in Plutarch's (1st century AD) essay on "Fraternal Love" in his Moralia (2.490b). Erasmus probably coined the modern usage of the Latin word in his Adagia ("Adages"), published in the winter of 1517–1518, to designate the coherence of dissenters in spite of their differences in theological opinions. Religious syncretism[edit]

Heliospheric current circuit From (The Plasma Universe Wikipedia-like Encyclopedia) Hannes Alfvén considered the heliospheric current sheet to be part of a heliospheric current system, as he believed all cosmic plasmas to be part of a "plasma circuit". [2] [3] The Sun behaves as a unipolar inductor producing a current that flows outwards along both axes B2, and inwards in the equatorial plane, C, and along Solar magnetic field lines B1. The current closes at a large distance, B3. Properties Alfvén wrote: "The central body acts as a unipolar inductor and the e.m.f. is produced in region A. "In region B1 , the currents are field-aligned. "The model predicts that there should be currents near the axis strong enough to match the current in the equatorial plane. Galactic current circuit Notes ^ Hannes Alfvén, "Keynote Address (1987) Double Layers in Astrophysics, Proceedings of a Workshop held in Huntsville, Ala., 17-19 Mar. 1986. References Israelevich, P.

Sam Harris on Spirituality without Religion, Happiness, and How to Cultivate the Art of Presence by Maria Popova “Our world is dangerously riven by religious doctrines that all educated people should condemn, and yet there is more to understanding the human condition than science and secular culture generally admit.” Nietzsche’s famous proclamation that “God is dead” is among modern history’s most oft-cited aphorisms, and yet as is often the case with its ilk, such quotations often miss the broader context in a way that bespeaks the lazy reductionism with which we tend to approach questions of spirituality today. Nietzsche himself clarified the full dimension of his statement six years later, in a passage from The Twilight of Idols, where he explained that “God” simply signified the supersensory realm, or “true world,” and wrote: “We have abolished the true world. Sam Harris by Bara Vetenskap Harris writes: Our minds are all we have. Most of us spend our time seeking happiness and security without acknowledging the underlying purpose of our search. Donating = Loving Share on Tumblr

The Inspirator mkII For further reference and discussion, see references:[2] The Inspirator mkII is considered by its designer to be the criterion of efficiency for vaporizing spice, and to be a cheap and effective method of achieving sufficiently cool, full, measured doses. The device is inspired in part by The Machine but operates by convection heating--diffusing the heat through a ceramic heat-sink, in turn heating the airflow--rather than heating by conduction. This particular model of the Inspirator utilizes a removable heating element to enable spice to be loaded into the top-side of the bowl, preventing the occurrence of run-off or drip. Condensing the element in a broken dropper stem. The finished heating element Condensing the element in an eraser cap w/ the end bored out. Final Touches: To form the Element into a single unit that will fit snugly into the the bowl, use a tube of the same diameter as the dropper stem to be used and two chopsticks to press it into shape. Constructing the Bowl Appendices

Erowid Mindfulness (psychology) Mindfulness as a psychological concept is the focusing of attention and awareness, based on the concept of mindfulness in Buddhist meditation.[1] It has been popularised in the West by Jon Kabat-Zinn.[2] Despite its roots in Buddhism, mindfulness is often taught independently of religion.[3][4] Clinical psychology and psychiatry since the 1970s have developed a number of therapeutic applications based on mindfulness for helping people suffering from a variety of psychological conditions.[5] Several definitions of mindfulness have been used in modern psychology. According to various prominent psychological definitions, Mindfulness refers to a psychological quality that involves bringing one’s complete attention to the present experience on a moment-to-moment basis,[6] or involves paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally,[6] Bishop, Lau, and colleagues (2004)[8] offered a two-component model of mindfulness:

Varieties of Nondual Realization (c) Copyright 2006 by Timothy Conway [Note: This paper was originally written as a rather free-wheeling overview essay for professionals in the mental health field and/or satsang leaders of nondually-oriented gatherings. For this web-version of the essay, I have removed all diacritical marks. Boldfaced numbers refer to endnotes at the end of the essay.] Right HERE is the Heart of existence—Pure Solid Awareness—the profound Truth or Reality1 of whatever experience/experiencer arises. This is Nondual Realization, the quintessential mystical experiencing. In the grand dream of life, it is historically significant that western psychology, through the work of cutting-edge theorists and clinicians, has increasingly integrated the traditionally mystical-spiritual nondual perspective. In this genuine nondual awakening, the chronic felt-sense of identifying with the particular yields unto realization of operating from and flourishing as the Whole. 4) Nonduality in emotional experience.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy Beyond its use in reducing depressive acuity, research additionally supports the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation upon reducing cravings for substances that people are addicted to. Addiction is known to involve the weakening of the prefrontal cortex that ordinarily allows for delaying of immediate gratification for longer term benefits by the limbic and paralimbic brain regions. Mindfulness meditation of smokers over a two-week period totaling 5 hours of meditation decreased smoking by about 60% and reduced their cravings, even for those smokers in the experiment who had no prior intentions to quit. Neuroimaging of those who practice mindfulness meditation has been shown to increase activity in the prefrontal cortex, a sign of greater self-control.[6] Background[edit] In 1991 Barnard and Teasdale created a multilevel theory of the mind called “Interacting Cognitive Subsystems,” (ICS). Applications[edit] The MBCT program is a group intervention that lasts eight weeks. See also[edit]