What We Learn When We Learn by Doing Schank, Roger C. (1995) What We Learn When We Learn by Doing. (Technical Report No. 60). Northwestern University, Institute for Learning Sciences. Roger C. Schank Institute for the Learning SciencesNorthwestern University Technical Report No. 60 (1995) There has always been a great deal of lip service given to the idea of learning by doing, but not much has been done about it. "Why is it that, in spite of the fact that teaching by pouring in, learning by passive absorption, are universally condemned, that they are still so entrenched in practice? There are two important reasons why learning by doing isn't our normal form of education. To consider learning by doing from a psychological point of view, we must think more about learning in real life, which is, of course, the natural venue of learning by doing. One of the places where real life learning takes place is in the workplace, "on the job." Most employees are interested in learning to their jobs better. How do we enhance learning?
blooms, learning styles and thinking organisers How do thinking/graphical organisers or mind mapping tools fit with Learning styles and Bloom's Revised taxonomy. The key element to a thinking or graphical organiser is, in my opinion, the key or focusing question. No matter how complex or developing the model or organiser you are using, if the focusing question or topic is weak the end result will be poor. Bloom's arranges various activities in terms of increasing complexity going from Low Order Thinking skills to Higher Order Thinking skills. They represent the learning process, to understand one must remember, to apply a concept you must understand it etc Simple mind maps and concept diagrams are a brilliant tool for enabling students to remember and understand. Key Words Interpreting Exemplifying Summarising Inferring Paraphrasing Classifying Comparing ExplainingRecognising Listing Describing Identifying Retrieving Naming Locating/Finding Model Simple Flowchart This is a simple concept linking to next concept. Simple Concept map Models
University: Academic Success Center - Home Page for the Academic Success Center (ASC) Excellence, responsibility, and integrity in a challenging academic environment. The ASC is currently operating under summer hours, Monday through Thursday, 8am-5:30pm, and Friday, 8-11:30am. Summer tutoring is available for MATH 150. If you are interested in receiving tutoring for this course, stop by the ASC. If you would like to drop your tutor, please complete the application to drop tutoring. Develop Perfect Memory With the Memory Palace Technique The Memory Palace is one of the most powerful memory techniques I know. It’s not only effective, but also fun to use — and not hard to learn at all. The Memory Palace has been used since ancient Rome, and is responsible for some quite incredible memory feats. Eight-time world memory champion Dominic O’Brien, for instance, was able to memorize 54 decks of cards in sequence (that’s 2808 cards), viewing each card only once. Of course, most of us are not in Dominic’s memory championship line of business (or in Hannibal’s line of business for that matter). The Memory Palace The Memory Palace technique is based on the fact that we’re extremely good at remembering places we know. 5 Steps to Use the Memory Palace Technique 1. First and foremost, you’ll need to pick a place that you’re very familiar with. A good first choice could be your own home, for example. Also, try to define a specific route in your palace instead of just visualize a static scene. Familiar streets in your city. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Solving Linear Equations Math series Linear Equation: a mathematical expression that has an equal sign and linear expressions Variable:a number that you don't know, often represented by "x" or "y" but any letter will do! Variable(s) in linear expressions Cannot have exponents (or powers) For example, x squared or x2 Cannot multiply or divide each other For example: "x" times "y" or xy; "x" divided by "y" or x/y Cannot be found under a root sign or square root sign (sqrt) For example: √x or the "square root x"; sqrt (x) Linear Expression: a mathematical statement that performs functions of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division These are examples of linear expressions: These are not linear expressions: Solve these linear equations by clicking and dragging a number to the "other" side of the equal sign. More examples: Linear equation, solving example #1: Find x if: 2x + 4 = 10 Linear equation, solving example #2: Find x if: 3x - 4 = -10(using negatives) Linear equation, solving example #3: Math series
Jerome Bruner Biography Jerome Bruner was born on October 1, 1915 in New York, to Heman and Rose Bruner, who emigrated from Poland. He received a bachelor's degree in psychology, in 1937 from Duke University. Bruner went on to earn a master's degree in psychology in 1939 and then a doctorate in psychology in 1941 from Harvard University. In 1939, Bruner published his first psychological article studying the effect of thymus extract on the sexual behavior of the female rat. During World War II, Bruner served on the Psychological Warfare Division of the Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditory Force Europe committee under Eisenhower, researching social psychological phenomena. In 1945, Bruner returned to Harvard as a psychology professor and was heavily involved in research relating to cognitive psychology and educational psychology. Cognitive psychology In 1956, Bruner published a book A Study of Thinking which formally initiated the study of cognitive psychology. Books
Virtual Fieldtrips The concept of Virtual Field trips has been around for a long time. In the past they have been very structured. Developers and educators have created the websites and content focused on the specific needs of the target audience and subject area. This is a great strength, but it is also a limitation. It is limited by what the developer/educator thought was important and what they wanted to achieve. Concept map The database driven applications of Web 2.0 are what is allowing us to develop these trips. From Google: Google has given us a variety of tools we can use. Google earth and Google Sketch up - these are different tools but I have them together because of what you can do with them. Google maps and Street view - If you have seen the video of the iphones integration of Google maps you will know about the power of this product. Google Sky Google earth 4.2 has a new feature for a virtual trips to the more unreachable locations. Google Sky video From Microsoft: From Wikimapia Other options Neresheim
Ink on Paper: Some Notes on Note-taking | Wray Herbert I went to college long before the era of laptops, so I learned to take notes the old-fashioned way: ink on paper. But that does not mean my note-taking system was simple. Indeed it was an intricate hieroglyphic language, in which asterisks and underscoring and check marks and exclamation points all had precise meaning, if only to me. It's a lost art. Many college students have some kind of electronic note-taking device nowadays, and most will swear by them. But has anyone actually compared the two? Of course, students could develop an elaborate hieroglyphic system using a laptop. They ran a few experiments, all basically the same. This experiment provided preliminary evidence that laptops might be harmful to academic performance. At least right away. The scientists tried to simulate this in another experiment. The findings, which Mueller and Oppenheimer describe in a forthcoming issue of the journal Psychological Science, were a bit surprising.