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The Colonization of Africa

The Colonization of Africa
Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. At the same time, African societies put up various forms of resistance against the attempt to colonize their countries and impose foreign domination. By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers. The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution. The Scramble for Africa But other factors played an important role in the process. This scramble was so intense that there were fears that it could lead to inter-imperialist conflicts and even wars. Back to top The African Resistance A Period of Change Related:  Imperialism/ColonialismCLIL HISTORY

Precolonial African Politics and Government — Living While Black: Themes in African American Thought and Experience West African empires and kingdomsClick image for larger viewSource University of Sankore Between 1905 and 1906Click image for larger viewSource Precolonial Africa had many different forms of politics and government and such a variety of politics and government was closely related to the level of economic organization and production. Village-style government with a council of elders and/or village chiefs predominated in hunting and gathering and small agricultural societies. Slaves were present in numerous precolonial African societies. The point herein is that most enslave Africans came from organized, agriculturally advanced societies; they were not from low-technology hunter-gather societies. Map of Africa 1914Click image for larger viewSource Map of Africa 1920Click image for larger view

Migrant crisis: Migration to Europe explained in seven charts Image copyright Getty Images More than a million migrants and refugees crossed into Europe in 2015, sparking a crisis as countries struggled to cope with the influx, and creating division in the EU over how best to deal with resettling people. The vast majority arrived by sea but some migrants have made their way over land, principally via Turkey and Albania. Winter has not stemmed the flow of people - with 135,711 people reaching Europe by sea since the start of 2016, according to the UNHCR. 1. Which countries are migrants from? The conflict in Syria continues to be by far the biggest driver of migration. 2. Although not all of those arriving in Europe choose to claim asylum, many do. But far more people have arrived in the country - German officials said more than a million had been counted in Germany's "EASY" system for counting and distributing people before they make asylum claims. 3. This compares with 280,000 arrivals by land and sea for the whole of 2014. 4. 5. 6. 7.

The Ancient World As Seen By Afrocentrists - Butterflies and Wheels Introduction At some schools and universities in the USA today students are learning a version of ancient history that is strikingly different from what is being taught to their counterparts in Europe.[1] This new narrative cannot be reconciled with the traditional account, which is still being taught in the vast majority of schools and universities. Advocates of the revisionist version ("the Afrocentric narrative") claim that because of their inherent prejudice against Africans and peoples of African descent, the traditionalists have ignored a significant body of evidence. Advocates of the traditional version of ancient history insist that their version ("the Eurocentric narrative") offers the best available account of the known facts. Thus in the debate between the two groups there is more is at stake than historical accuracy. Here then are summaries of the two narratives: The Afrocentric Narrative 1. 2. 3. The Eurocentric Narrative 1. 2. 3. Discussion 1. 2. 3. Conclusion Endnotes 1. 2. 3.

Ronald Reagan Speech 'Tear Down this Wall' Chancellor Kohl, Governing Mayor Diepgen, ladies and gentlemen: Twenty-four years ago, President John F. Kennedy visited Berlin, speaking to the people of this city and the world at the City Hall. Well, since then two other presidents have come, each in his turn, to Berlin.

Precolonial African Economies — Living While Black: Themes in African American Thought and Experience Precolonial means before the heyday of massive European colonization which occupied much of Africa after the 1870s. While some precolonial African societies were hunting-gathering economies, other societies had agricultural-based economies. Whether hunting-gathering or agricultural economies, in most cases precolonial Africans carried out their agricultural work and production collectively or communally in which ideally all able-bodied adults participated. Depending on location, precolonial Africans engaged in crafts-level (not industrial-level) hand-tool manufacturing. Most precolonial African economies were mainly subsistence-oriented with trade routes and markets for the exchange of surplus goods for commodities that cannot be produced locally. Pre-colonial African empires and kingdomsClick image for a larger view Ancient and medieval African empires and kingdomsClick image for a larger view

Weimar Republic documents This collection of Weimar Republic documents and extracts was compiled by Alpha History authors. The date given in parentheses is the date of the source, rather than the period or events the source describes. These sources are updated and expanded regularly. If you would like to suggest, request or contribute a Weimar Republic-related document, please contact Alpha History. Beginnings of the republic The Kaiser reflects on his abdication (1922)Socialists appeal to the people of Schleswig-Holstein (November 1918)Philipp Scheidemann proclaims the German republic (November 1918)Declaration to the German people by the new SPD government (November 1918)Hugo Preuss supports Weimar democracy (November 1918)‘The German republic shall thrive!’ The German Revolution Rosa Luxemburg condemns Ebert and the SPD government (1918)Karl Leibknecht proclaims the Free Socialist Republic of Germany (November 1918)Groener on the Ebert-Groener Pact of November 1918 (1957) The Treaty of Versailles The golden years

Graphic: Out of Africa – Did the Colonial Powers ever Really Leave? Africa may have achieved independence, but the old colonial ties are still important as France’s decision to send troops to Mali to fight Islamist extremists shows. The old colonial powers in Africa may no longer be the rulers, but they still exert influence and have strong economic and political links. David McDonald, professor of the Global Development Studies at Queen’s University, says, “The French and the English were much more strategic in terms of recognizing that they wanted to maintain neo-colonial linkages with their former colonies. So it was shedding the direct authoritarian power at the barrel of a gun and replacing that with independence, but an independence that was, and is still to some extent, extremely dependent on the political and economic will of the former colonial masters.” – The National Post’s Rubab Abid and Richard Johnson look at the former colonies and former colonial powers who still dabble inside the continent they once owned.

1933 | Hitler Archive - Adolf Hitler Biography in Pictures 22 january 1933Adolf Hitler in Berlin at the grave of Horst Wessel in the Nikolaifriedhof 22 january 1933Adolf Hitler in Berlin at the ceremony for Horst Wessel in the Nikolaifriedhof with Joseph Goebbels and Prinz Auwi (the Kaiser’s son) 30 january 1933Adolf Hitler leaves Berlin's Hotel Kaiserhof after his appointment as chancellor 30 january 1933Adolf Hitler's cabinet just after being named chancellor of Germany 30 january 1933Adolf Hitler's cabinet in Berlin just after Adolf Hitler has been named chancellor 30 january 1933Hitler with Franz von Papen and Alfred Hugenberg in Berlin's chancellery 30 january 1933Wilhelm Frick, Hermann Göring, and Hitler on the day he was named Chancellor of Germany 30 january 1933Adolf Hitler at the window of the chancellery after he was named chancellor of Germany 1 february 1933Hitler makes his first radio broadcast as German Chancellor in front of a radio microphone 11 february 1933Adolf Hitler speaks for the opening of the international motor show in Berlin

5 of the worst atrocities carried out by British Empire, after 'historical amnesia' claims | The Independent The British people suffer "historical amnesia" over the atrocities committed by their former empire, an Indian MP and author has claimed. Former UN under-secretary general Dr Shashi Tharoor said the British education system fails to tell the real story of empire. He said: "There's no real awareness of the atrocities, of the fact that Britain financed its Industrial Revolution and its prosperity from the depredations of empire, the fact that Britain came to one of the richest countries in the world in the 18th century and reduced it, after two centuries of plunder, to one of the poorest." A previous YouGov poll found the British public are generally proud of the British Empire and its colonial past. YouGov found 44 per cent were proud of Britain's history of colonialism, while 21 per cent regretted it happened. The same poll also found 43 per cent believed the British Empire was a good thing, while 19 per cent said it was bad and 25 per cent said it was neither good nor bad. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Lesson 2 - Government Lesson 2 Investigate events leading to the Constitution and analyze the compromises that led to the Constitution What is the Constitution? It's a document that our country uses that tells us how the government is to be run. To officially tell the King of England that they weren't going to be controlled anymore, the colonists wrote and signed theDeclaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. It was the Second Continental Congress that came up with the Declaration of Independence, and it was Thomas Jefferson (future president) who did the writing, but the other members of the Congress voted to send it to King George over in England. Denmark Crown Look at how kings work- A king has as much power as he wants, and he can do whatever he wants. The Second Continental Congress Now that the States had Constitutions, representatives met together to form a resolution for how the states would interact with each other. Independence Hall James Madison, 'Father of the Constitution' and future U.S. 1.

Partition of India: Australians share their memories 70 years on The Partition of India, on the stroke of midnight on 14th August 1947, saw the departing British colonial powers divide the country. West of the Partition became Muslim-majority Pakistan, while the rest of the country was Hindu-majority India. The result was one of the greatest forced mass migrations of humans in history. Carole Clancy-O'Hehir Sydney woman Carole Clancy-O'Hehir was six years old and living in New Delhi during Partition. Sydney woman Carole Clancy-O'Hehir's describes violence after partition. Her father, Allan Clancy, was a pilot for the Indian National Airways. His passengers included the last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten, Muslim politician and later Pakistani Governor General Muhammed Ali Jinnah, and India's first independent Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. His most famous passenger was independence leader Mahatma Gandhi. "We just thought he was a sweet old man." 70th anniversary of Partition of India. Displacement of Sikhs, Muslims, Hindus "They just killed them all.

Australia’s hidden history of slavery: the government divides to conquer | NITV My grandfather was Moses Topay Enares. He was only 12 years old when he was coerced onto a ship, put in the hold and fed stodge, a flour-like substance, until he arrived in Queensland. His wife, who recorded and retold his story, tells of him being taken from the beach off the island of Tanna, Vanuatu. Moses passed on the Northern Rivers in New South Wales in 1961. He never saw his family from Tanna again. Black Lives Matter is an inspired world movement of consciousness that gives voice to the resilience and self-determination of people of colour in their continued fight for freedom and social justice. Several words are used to depict the history of my people: indenture, slavery, kidnapping, blackbirding and Kanaka. We identify as Sugar Slaves, and we are confident and firm about correcting the “official” versions of history. “Blackbirding” comes from the African slave trade and truly expresses the violence of what happened. The full truth needs to be told Fighting for the right to live