Te Ara - New Zealand Origins The First World War was caused by the destabilisation of the balance of power in Europe due to the rise of Germany. The war began in 1914 when Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia because of the assassination of an archduke. New Zealand was part of the British Empire, and when Britain declared war on Germany, in August 1914, that meant New Zealand was at war too. The two sides were called the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary) and the Allies, which included the British Empire, Russia and France. New Zealand enters the war New Zealand decided to send soldiers to fight in the war for a number of reasons, including New Zealand’s strong ties to Britain and its concern with keeping trade routes open so it could continue to export to Britain. Within a month New Zealand troops had occupied Western Samoa, which was a German territory. In October 1914 the first group of 8,454 soldiers left New Zealand heading for the other side of the world. Gallipoli The Western Front The home front
Recreating Gallipoli in Minecraft As part of our centenary education programme, Auckland Museum is making use of the popular Minecraft® game to engage students with the events that occurred at Gallipoli in 1915. Minecraft® is an award-winning game that encourages creativity and adventure. It allows game players to break and place blocks working together to create virtual structures, landscapes, and worlds. 2014 saw Auckland Museum team up with Media Design School, Alfriston College and some select Minecraft builders to recreate Gallipoli as it was during the First World War. They have been creating a reusable learning resource so that Kiwis of all ages can learn more about this important part of our history. Referencing collection material student builders have recreated the landscape brick by brick. Join our WWI Minecraft world to get the chance to:
HMAS Sydney (II) | Western Australian Museum The loss of HMAS Sydney (II) is Australia’s greatest naval tragedy. Its disappearance in 1941 without a trace left a legacy of uncertainty for decades. In March 2008, renewed efforts to find the Sydney came to fruition, confirming her fate and bringing closure to the mystery. Celebrated for her successful battles in the Mediterranean, where she famously sank the Italian cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni, HMAS Sydney (II) and her crew of predominantly young men received a hero’s welcome on her return to Australia in February 1941. It was on the return of one of these voyages that she encountered the German Raider HSK Kormoran, on 19 November 1941. Show image caption While neither ship survived, the Sydney was lost with all hands - a complement of 645 young men. 318 of the Kormoran’s complement of 390 survived. For 66 years, controversy raged. Soon after the ships were found, an inquiry was launched into the Sydney’s disappearance.
UK Children During WWI 31 March 2014Last updated at 12:40 Continue reading the main story Old pennies Most children had a money box for pocket money. Usually it was 'coppers' - pennies and half-pennies. Babies slept in wooden cots, with rails. In big families, with few bedrooms, children often had to share bedrooms - and beds. More homes had electric light. Most children wore smaller versions of grownup clothes. A girl with a wooden toy Popular toys were dolls, teddies, zoo and farm animals, toy soldiers (metal not plastic), and wind-up toy trains and cars. Tiger Tim makes a phone call Related stories Toys and games find out what children played with during World War One Teachers' notes Teachers' notes and classroom ideas looking at a typical child's bedroom
WWI Battlefields Australia's Prime Ministers Australian War Memorial Anzac Diversity Collection Anzac Diversity is a collection of case studies exploring the ethnic diversity of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). Anzac Diversity Anzac Diversity is a collection of case studies exploring the ethnic diversity of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). WW100 New Zealand A selection of sites and sources for learning about the history of the First World War from a New Zealand perspective, and the role your family members might have played in it. Soldiers inside the YMCA library in Beauvois, France. Ref: 1/2-013635-G. Starting Places Use these websites to start your learning journey. New Zealand and the First World War history Get an overview of the history of New Zealand and the First World War. Researching First World War soldiers Read a guide to researching New Zealand soldiers and related service personnel. Cenotaph database & personnel files Discover whether someone in your family served. Use personnel files to get more detail about First World War soldiers, from Archives New Zealand. A guide to understanding personnel files is available. Digital New Zealand search Filter by ‘usage rights’ to see how you can use the material you find. Further sites and sources Visit your local library, archive or museum Guides to specific collections Overseas sources
Australian History Home Search Site Contact Us Site Map Our FREE ebooks Help to download and convert files on this site Project Gutenberg Australia gratefully acknowledges the significant contribution of Sue Asscher in preparing many of the eBooks relating to Australian History, which are available from this page. Australian History Resources relating to Australian History available from Project Gutenberg Australia and Project Gutenberg in the U.S. Links to other sites covering Australian History John White, surgeon on the First Fleet to sail to Australia, in 1787-88. The first authenticated discovery of Australia was by William Jansz in 1606. The convicts were put on board the ships of the First Fleet in March 1787 and arrived at Sydney Cove on 26 January, 1788--the day now commemorated as "Australia Day". Another account, "Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales", by John Wright, Surgeon-General to the Settlement, was first published in 1790. Quite a recommendation! Watkin Tench James Tucker, convict novelist
First War War Poetry The First World War Poetry Digital Archive is an online repository of over 7000 items of text, images, audio, and video for teaching, learning, and research. The heart of the archive consists of collections of highly valued primary material from major poets of the period, including Wilfred Owen, Isaac Rosenberg, Robert Graves, Vera Brittain, and Edward Thomas. This is supplemented by a comprehensive range of multimedia artefacts from the Imperial War Museum, a separate archive of over 6,500 items contributed by the general public, and a set of specially developed educational resources. These educational resources include an exciting new exhibition in the three-dimensional virtual world Second Life. Freely available to the public as well as the educational community, the First World War Poetry Digital Archive is a significant resource for studying the First World War and the literature it inspired.
Passchendaele Society The Last Stand of the Kelly Gang: Sites in Glenrowan In this series of images, we examine key sites in Glenrowan connected to the infamous Last Stand of the Kelly Gang, guided by respected lifetime local resident Linton Briggs. Ned Kelly, born in June 1855 at Beveridge, north-east of Melbourne, Northern Victoria, came to public attention as a bushranger in the late 1870s. He was hanged at the Melbourne Goal, November 11th, 1880. Kelly is perhaps Australia’s best known folk hero, not least of all because of the iconic armour donned by his gang in what became known as the Siege at Glenrowan (or The Last Stand), the event that led to Ned Kelly’s capture and subsequent execution. The siege at Glenrowan on Monday, June 28th, 1880, was the result of a plan by the Kelly Gang to derail a Police Special Train carrying Indigenous trackers (the Gang's primary targets), into a deep gully adjacent to the railway line. However, Ned miscalculated, thinking the train would come from Benalla not Melbourne.