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Johannes Gutenberg - Inventor

Johannes Gutenberg - Inventor
German inventor Johannes Gutenberg developed a method of movable type and used it to create one of the Western world's first major printed books, the “Forty-Two-Line” Bible. Synopsis Johannes Gutenberg was born circa 1395, in Mainz, Germany. He started experimenting with printing by 1438. Early Life Born into a modest merchant family in Mainz, Germany, circa 1395, Johannes Gutenberg’s work as an inventor and printer would have a major impact on communication and learning worldwide. Experiments in Printing When a craftsman revolt erupted in Mainz against the noble class in 1428, Johannes Gutenberg’s family was exiled and settled in what is now Strasbourg, France, where his experiments with printing began. Financial Trouble In 1448, Johannes Gutenberg moved back to Mainz and by 1450 was operating a print shop. Fust eventually won the suit and took over most of Johannes Gutenberg’s printing business, including the production of his Bibles. Later Life Related Videos

Johannes Gutenberg Biography for Kids: Inventor of the Printing Press Back to Biographies Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press. While this may not sound like a big deal at first, the printing press is often considered as the most important invention in modern times. Think about how important information is today. Without books and computers you wouldn't be able to learn, to pass on information, or to share scientific discoveries. Prior to Gutenberg inventing the printing press, making a book was a laborious process. Where did Johannes Gutenberg grow up? Johannes was born in Mainz, Germany around the year 1398. What did Gutenberg invent? Gutenberg took some existing technologies and some of his own inventions to come up with the printing press in the year 1450. What books were first printed by the Gutenberg press? It's thought that the first printed item from the press was a German poem. Fun Facts about Gutenberg In 1462 he was exiled from Mainz. Other Inventors and Scientists: Works Cited

Humanism - Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library & Renaissance Culture | Exhibitions - Library of Congress Seeking the Wisdom of the Ancients Both the republican elites of Florence and Venice and the ruling families of Milan, Ferrara, and Urbino hired humanists to teach their children classical morality and to write elegant, classical letters, histories, and propaganda. In the course of the fifteenth century, the humanists also convinced most of the popes that the papacy needed their skills. Sophisticated classical scholars were hired to write official correspondence and propaganda; to create an image of the popes as powerful, enlightened, modern rulers of the Church; and to apply their scholarly tools to the church's needs, including writing a more classical form of the Mass. The relation between popes and scholars was never simple, for the humanists evolved their own views on theology. Costanzo Felici, Historia de coniuratione Catilinae (History of the Catilinarian Conspiracy) Costanzo Felici, Historia de coniuratione Catilinae (History of the Catilinarian Conspiracy). Back to top

Humanism, Secularism and Individualism in the Renaissance - the Renaissance Humanism/Secularism In the Renaissance the main ideas of humanism came from the people opposing the ideas of the bible and of the Christian church. As the period of medieval rule came to an end, people became more aware and known to social and humanist ideas. What citizens wanted was the place between god and man to disappear and humanists were the ones that were up to the job. Many humanists decided to look back at what the ancient Greeks and romans had already worked on as that usually provided a better of the world. The church was starting to lose the trust of its followers and that is when people decided to split from it. Splitting from the church was a big thing back in the renaissance as it meant you defied god. IndividualismWhen the renaissance first started the fact that god was the one who created everything and was the only one that will create amazing things was popular.

Twelfth Night: Act I, scenes i–ii Summary: Act I, scene i If music be the food of love, play on, . . . O spirit of love, how quick and fresh are thou. . . .(See Important Quotations Explained) In the land of Illyria, Duke Orsino enters, attended by his lords. Summary: Act I, scene ii Meanwhile, on the Illyrian sea coast, a young noblewoman named Viola speaks with the captain whose crew has just rescued her from a shipwreck. The ship’s captain tells Viola all about Duke Orsino, who rules Illyria. Analysis: Act I, scenes i–ii Viola’s plan for disguising herself in Act I, scene ii introduces one of the central motifs of the play: disguise and the identity confusion related to it. The opening lines of Twelfth Night, in which a moping Orsino, attended by his servants and musicians, says, “If music be the food of love, play on,” establish how love has conquered Orsino (I.i.1).