background preloader

Johannes Gutenberg - Inventor

Johannes Gutenberg - Inventor
German inventor Johannes Gutenberg developed a method of movable type and used it to create one of the Western world's first major printed books, the “Forty-Two-Line” Bible. Synopsis Johannes Gutenberg was born circa 1395, in Mainz, Germany. He started experimenting with printing by 1438. Early Life Born into a modest merchant family in Mainz, Germany, circa 1395, Johannes Gutenberg’s work as an inventor and printer would have a major impact on communication and learning worldwide. Experiments in Printing When a craftsman revolt erupted in Mainz against the noble class in 1428, Johannes Gutenberg’s family was exiled and settled in what is now Strasbourg, France, where his experiments with printing began. Financial Trouble In 1448, Johannes Gutenberg moved back to Mainz and by 1450 was operating a print shop. Fust eventually won the suit and took over most of Johannes Gutenberg’s printing business, including the production of his Bibles. Later Life Related Videos Related:  Scientific Discovery in the RenaissanceRenaissance PeriodRenaissance Period

The Gutenberg Bible The Gutenberg Bible is the first substantial book printed in the West with moveable metal type. Before its printing in 1454 or 1455, books were either copied by hand or printed from engraved wooden blocks—processes that could take months or years to complete. Johann Gutenberg invented a printing press that revolutionized the distribution of knowledge by making it possible to produce many copies of a work in a relatively short amount of time. Learn more about the Gutenberg Bible through the links below. Who was Johann Gutenberg? How was the Gutenberg Bible printed? How did Gutenberg's invention change the world? Can I see the other pages? What makes the Ransom Center copy unique? Where are other Gutenberg Bibles? What are some facts about the Gutenberg Bible? Reformation | Christianity Reformation, Britannica Classic: The Reformation: Age of RevoltEncyclopædia Britannica, Inc.the religious revolution that took place in the Western church in the 16th century. Its greatest leaders undoubtedly were Martin Luther and John Calvin. Having far-reaching political, economic, and social effects, the Reformation became the basis for the founding of Protestantism, one of the three major branches of Christianity. The world of the late medieval Roman Catholic Church from which the 16th-century reformers emerged was a complex one. The Reformation of the 16th century was not unprecedented. Martin Luther claimed that what distinguished him from previous reformers was that while they attacked corruption in the life of the church, he went to the theological root of the problem—the perversion of the church’s doctrine of redemption and grace. The Reformation movement within Germany diversified almost immediately, and other reform impulses arose independently of Luther.

Johannes Gutenberg Biography for Kids: Inventor of the Printing Press Back to Biographies Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press. While this may not sound like a big deal at first, the printing press is often considered as the most important invention in modern times. Think about how important information is today. Without books and computers you wouldn't be able to learn, to pass on information, or to share scientific discoveries. Prior to Gutenberg inventing the printing press, making a book was a laborious process. Where did Johannes Gutenberg grow up? Johannes was born in Mainz, Germany around the year 1398. What did Gutenberg invent? Gutenberg took some existing technologies and some of his own inventions to come up with the printing press in the year 1450. What books were first printed by the Gutenberg press? It's thought that the first printed item from the press was a German poem. Fun Facts about Gutenberg In 1462 he was exiled from Mainz. Other Inventors and Scientists: Works Cited

FC74: The invention of the printing press and its effects Introduction At the height of the Hussite crisis in the early 1400's, when the authorities ordered 200 manuscripts of heretical writings burned, people on both sides realized quite well the significance of that act. Two hundred handwritten manuscripts would be hard to replace. Like any other invention, the printing press came along and had an impact when the right conditions existed at the right time and place. If one process started the chain reaction of events that led to the invention of the printing press, it was the rise of towns in Western Europe that sparked trade with the outside world all the way to China. For centuries the Chinese had been making rag paper, which was made from a pulp of water and discarded rags that was then pressed into sheets of paper. But the Black Death had also killed off many of the monks who copied the books, since the crowded conditions in the monasteries had contributed to an unusually high mortality rate. The impact of the printing press

Gutenberg Bible: the Basics Or want to refresh your knowledge? We have created this section to get you up to speed. Who was Gutenberg? In the mid-15th century Johann Gutenberg invented a mechanical way of making books. This was the first example of mass production in Europe. Mainz, from The Nuremberg Chronicle. What is the Gutenberg Bible? Before Gutenberg, every book produced in Europe had to be copied by hand. Why are they both important? Gutenberg's invention did not make him rich, but it laid the foundation for the commercial mass production of books. More details on Gutenberg and the Bible.

History: Renaissance for Kids Back to History for Kids The Renaissance was a period of time from the 14th to the 17th century in Europe. This era bridged the time between the Middle Ages and modern times. The word "Renaissance" means "rebirth". Coming out of the Dark The Middle Ages began with the fall of the Roman Empire. The Renaissance was a time of "coming out of the dark". A Cultural Movement A big part of the Renaissance was a cultural movement called humanism. The Mona Lisa - perhaps the world's most famous painting - was painted during the Renaissance It began in Italy The Renaissance started in Florence, Italy and spread to other city-states in Italy. City-states played a big role in the rule of Italy at the time. The Renaissance Man The term Renaissance Man refers to a person that is an expert and talented in many areas. Fun Facts about the Renaissance One of the most popular Greek philosophers was Plato. Learn more about the Renaissance: Works Cited Go here to test your knowledge with a word search.

Renaissance Art: History, Characteristics History of Renaissance Art The Renaissance, or Rinascimento, was largely fostered by the post-feudal growth of the independent city, like that found in Italy and the southern Netherlands. Grown wealthy through commerce and industry, these cities typically had a democratic organization of guilds, though political democracy was kept at bay usually by some rich and powerful individual or family. Good examples include 15th century Florence - the focus of Italian Renaissance art - and Bruges - one of the centres of Flemish painting. They were twin pillars of European trade and finance. In this congenial atmosphere, painters took an increasing interest in the representation of the visible world instead of being confined to that exclusive concern with the spirituality of religion that could only be given visual form in symbols and rigid conventions. See in particular: Expulsion from the Garden of Eden (1425-6, Brancacci Chapel), and Holy Trinity (1428, Santa Maria Novella).

Johann Gutenberg and the Printing Press - An Introduction A good cook can take leftovers and turn them into a delicious meal. Like a good cook, Johann Gutenberg took what had already been discovered and created a small invention that had a large impact on history. About 1450, Gutenberg crafted the printing press, a machine that allowed him to move small blocks of letters in such a way that written material could be printed and mass-produced. Few people outside the clergy could read in Guttenberg’s time, but with the invention of the printing press, books became less expensive and therefore more available for people to read. As a result, literacy spread through Europe. We don’t know much about Gutenberg because he was not famous during his lifetime. Printing using blocks existed long before Gutenberg’s time. Writing ink dates from about 2500BCE, developed separately in Egypt and China. Gutenberg published the first mass-produced book: a 1,282-page edition of the Christian Bible.

Renaissance Art - Facts & Summary By the end of the 15th century, Rome had displaced Florence as the principal center of Renaissance art, reaching a high point under the powerful and ambitious Pope Leo X (a son of Lorenzo de’ Medici). Three great masters–Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael–dominated the period known as the High Renaissance, which lasted roughly from the early 1490s until the sack of Rome by the troops of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V of Spain in 1527. Leonardo (1452-1519) was the ultimate “Renaissance man” for the breadth of his intellect, interest and talent and his expression of humanist and classical values. Leonardo’s best-known works, including the “Mona Lisa” (1503-05), “The Virgin of the Rocks” (1485) and the fresco “The Last Supper” (1495-98), showcase his unparalleled ability to portray light and shadow, as well as the physical relationship between figures–humans, animals and objects alike–and the landscape around them.

Humanism, Secularism and Individualism in the Renaissance - the Renaissance Humanism/Secularism In the Renaissance the main ideas of humanism came from the people opposing the ideas of the bible and of the Christian church. As the period of medieval rule came to an end, people became more aware and known to social and humanist ideas. What citizens wanted was the place between god and man to disappear and humanists were the ones that were up to the job. Many humanists decided to look back at what the ancient Greeks and romans had already worked on as that usually provided a better of the world. The church was starting to lose the trust of its followers and that is when people decided to split from it. Splitting from the church was a big thing back in the renaissance as it meant you defied god. IndividualismWhen the renaissance first started the fact that god was the one who created everything and was the only one that will create amazing things was popular.

Johannes Gutenberg's Information Revolution | Foundation for Economic Education Johann Gutenberg, the inventor of printing with moveable metal type, is a true benefactor of humankind. His innovative application of printing technologies was not only a showcase example of market anarchism, but a greater source of benefit to mankind than state-sponsored technologies can ever hope to be. His is a story not only of innovation, but of immigration, opposition to politically connected interests, and freedom of information. Remember the Millennium? Nearly ten years ago – in time for the millennium celebrations – Johann Gutenberg (ca. 1400-1468) was singled out as the greatest inventor of the past 1,000 years by the British Broadcasting Company (BBC). He did not invent either book printing or moveable type. Fact and Fiction: The Discovery of Printing Let's look at what Gutenberg did and didn't do. Furthermore, as early as the 11th century, printers in China (and Korea) were experimenting with pieces of moveable type made of baked clay. Copying Books by Hand Marketing the Bible

Volume D: The Romantic Period | The Norton Anthology of English Literature, Ninth Edition: W. W. Norton StudySpace Volume D The Romantic Period 1785–1832 (NAEL Vol. D) The Romantic period is short, relative to other literary periods, but is still quite complex. The beginning and ending dates of the Romantic period are identified differently by various scholars, though these dates always coincide with major literary, cultural, political, or social events. The beginning and ending dates of the Romantic period are identified differently by various scholars, though these dates always coincide with major literary, cultural, political, or social events. Revolution and Reaction England at this time was transforming from a primarily agricultural nation to one focused on manufacture, trade, and industry. The New Poetries: Theory and Practice “The Romantics” did not actually identify themselves as such. Writing in the Marketplace and the Law Courts The number of people who could read, and who wanted to read, grew dramatically during the Romantic period, particularly among those of the lower and middle classes.

Renaissance Renaissance Thomas J. Kehoe, Harold E. “Renaissance” means “rebirth” in the French language. The Renaissance was a rebirth in a second sense. The Renaissance was a rebirth of the human spirit, a rebirth of creativity. Italian Beginnings The Italian Renaissance marks an important turning point in human history. What, then, is the Renaissance and why did it begin in Italy? The Middle Ages were a relatively static period. This medieval synthesis broke down shortly after 1300. When one age ends and another begins, there are cross currents. The Renaissance started in Italy because these crises within Christendom benefitted Italy. Renaissance writers were wrong to slander the Middle Ages as a Dark Age. The Renaissance began in the Italian city-states because they had the wealth from the commerce and trade of the Middle Ages. In addition, Italy had many reminders of the Roman past: the road network, the aqueducts, the public buildings, the monuments. The Political Situation in Italy Humanism Art