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Unique Nutritional Needs of Cats Appendix Home Unique Nutritional Needs of Cats Dogs are no longer treated as strict carnivores; they are now omnivores that eat a variety of foods. Cats are different with metabolic processes of a strict carnivore. Digestibility of Foods Because of the cat's anatomy and physiology it may seem that the digestibility of many natural food ingredients, particularly those of vegetable origin, should be lower in cats than it is in most other animals. Unique Vitamin Requirements Cats do not have the ability to convert carotene to vitamin A. Protein and Amino Acid Requirements A cat's diet must provide proteins and amino acids containing a source of essential amino acids for which cats have an absolute requirement. Many animals can survive on a low protein intake of 4% to 8% of the total dietary calories. Cats cannot synthesize the essential amino acid citrulline that is low in any food. Taurine is the most abundant free amino acid in the body. Fatty Acid Requirements Carbohydrate Metabolism

What's Really in Pet Food Plump whole chickens, choice cuts of beef, fresh grains, and all the wholesome nutrition your dog or cat will ever need. These are the images pet food manufacturers promulgate through the media and advertising. This is what the $15 billion per year U.S. pet food industry wants consumers to believe they are buying when they purchase their products. This report explores the differences between what consumers think they are buying and what they are actually getting. What most consumers don’t know is that the pet food industry is an extension of the human food and agriculture industries. The Players The pet food market has been dominated in the last few years by the acquisition of big companies by even bigger companies. Nestlé’s bought Purina to form Nestlé Purina Petcare Company (Fancy Feast, Alpo, Friskies, Mighty Dog, Dog Chow, Cat Chow, Puppy Chow, Kitten Chow, Beneful, One, ProPlan, DeliCat, HiPro, Kit’n’Kaboodle, Tender Vittles, Purina Veterinary Diets). Label Basics Dry Food Wet Food

Acrylamide in foods, like kibble, pose bigger cancer risk: EFSA warns - Poisoned Pets | A look inside the pet food industry Worries about acrylamide posing a bigger cancer risk than previously thought led the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to issue an infographic cautioning consumers about common foods that may contain alarmingly high levels of acrylamide. The infographic warns of the potential health effects of acrylamide and offers tips for consumers on how to limit their exposure to acrylamide. Acrylamide is a genotoxic carcinogen that forms mainly when starchy foods – like potatoes and grain-based foods such as kibble – are baked, fried or extruded at high temperatures. Scientists are concerned because not only are the analyzed foods consumed in large quantities, but eating a single potato chip could take a person’s acrylamide intake up to the World Health Organization (WHO) maximum for drinking water. Imagine now, if you ate nothing but potato chips every day of your life? Spoiled for choice Carcinogenic kibbles Just how worried should we be about acrylamide? Short answer: Very. My thoughts… References

Diets and nutrition for dogs and cats with cancer. Feeding for Cancer There is an enormous body of research dating back to the middle of last century which clearly demonstrates that cancer victims - human, feline, or canine, should be fed a low carbohydrate diet. This may and often is, taken to the extremes of a no carbohydrate or strict "Atkins type" ketogenic diet. The reason that ketogenic diets have the ability to combat cancer is because cancer cells, particularly those in the more advanced stages of malignancy, feed preferentially on glucose as a source of energy. There is some evidence to show that some types of fats promote cancer (the omega 6's) and there is no question that obesity can promote cancer. If you consider the above information in relation to cancer, it becomes clear that the standard evolutionary diet for dogs and cats, forms the basic recipe for the ideal canine cancer prevention and treatment diet.

Health Knowledge Health Knowledge Statement “Let your food be your medicine, and your medicine be your food” Hippocrates “Circling the world in the 1920s and 30s, Doctor Price and his wife found the same sinister pattern among “primitive” populations, whether isolated Irish fishermen, tribal Africans, Pacific Islanders, Eskimos, North and South American Indians or Australian Aborigines. Those groups that followed their traditional nature-based diets enjoyed good health and vigor and those that turned to the ‘civilized’ diet of processed, sugar-laden foods soon developed a variety of ills, including misshapen bones and teeth-and the situation worsened with each generation.” Doctor Robert M. Cathcart MD "The first key to wisdom is assiduous and frequent questioning…For by doubting we come to inquiry, and by inquiry we arrive at truth.” “Scientific knowledge is a body of statements of varying degrees of certainty – some most unsure, some nearly sure, none absolutely certain.” It's up to YOU Trust YOURSELF More

Food Sensitivity and Intolerance Test for Cats and Dogs Do you often hear or say "allergies"? More than likely, you are referring to a food intolerance or sensitivity, which is actually quite common. An actual food allergy is rare. In fact, food intolerance is the third most common sensitivity condition in dogs and cats, and often was remedied with a change in diet. For years, though, the difficulty lay in figuring out what foods were problematic – until now. Developed by world renowned veterinarian, Dr. NutriScan tests for: Please remember, NutriScan is novel and patented and is not testing for food allergies, but rather tests for food sensitivities and intolerance. Dr. Functional foods and nutraceuticals for cats and dogs The functional foods revolution, which has swept through human nutrition over the past decade, is now also happening in companion animal nutrition. This is not surprising, since it is estimated that between 50-60% of households in the US own at least one cat or dog (Olson and Moulton, 1993; Hoff et al., 1999) and a large portion of these pet owners will be health conscious individuals who not only are particular about their own diets but also those of their pets. Powerful market forces are fuelling the interest in functional foods; with rapid advances in scientific knowledge supporting the vital role of diet in health and disease prevention. As a consequence, the need for high quality diets and dietary supplements, nutraceuticals and functional foods specifically formulated for companion animals has grown, along with the need for information detailing the evidence supporting claimed health benefits, recommended dosages and safety. What are nutraceuticals and functional foods? Probiotics

Myths FALSE! Millions of dogs eat kibble. And millions of dogs--85% of all dogs--suffer from periodontal disease by age 3 as a result of eating these processed foods (Lonsdale, T. 2001. Dogs: The Accidental Omnivore Choosing a dog food is difficult, because there are so many options available. Pet stores teem with commercial dog diets, each claiming to be “the best dog food.” If that is not enough, the internet and bookstores are full of information on various home prepared diets, each of which also claims to be “the best.” Carnivores or Omnivores? ...dogs are carnivores by preference and omnivores by necessity Are dogs carnivores or omnivores? It is important to keep in mind that just because dogs can survive on an omnivorous diet does not mean that they will thrive on it.

Carnivore vs. Herbivore vs. Omnivore « Pet Food Nutrition There is a fair amount of debate over whether a dog is an omnivore or a carnivore. And this debate will continue as long as marketing campaigns continue to use it in an attempt to sway you into a belief about how a dog should be fed. When I get sucked into a discussion about this, the first thing that comes to mind is… WHO CARES???? First of all, what is a carnivore? SO let’s take a step back….. from a nutritional standpoint, what is a carnivore? So what about dogs? If you consider phylogeny, dogs are from the mammalian order “carnivora”. What about their nutritional needs? Alright, so we have 5 votes for dog=carnivore and 4 votes for dog=omnivore. All of that aside, even if they ARE carnivores, it doesn’t mean that they can’t get beneficial nutrients from plant material. The reason I so adamantly DON’T CARE if dogs are omnivores or carnivores, is because it’s an inaccurate classification system, intended to help identify species. 1.

Carnivore or omnivore? Articles for dog owners | Hill's Pet Dogs are classified as members of the family Canidae and the order Carnivora, but this does not necessarily translate to behavior, anatomy or feeding preferences. Judge for yourself Some animals may look like carnivores or act like carnivores. But, are they really true carnivores? You be the judge. Wolves attack plant-eating animals, but one of the first parts they consume is the stomach contents and the viscera of those animals.1 Coyotes eat a variety of foodstuffs including small mammals, amphibians, birds, fruits and herbivore feces. The acid test Key points The term "opportunivore" may best describe the dog's natural desire to eat whatever is available — plants as well as animals. Strict or true carnivores, such as cats, have a higher nutritional requirement for taurine (an amino acid), arachidonic acid (a fatty acid), and certain vitamins (niacin, pyridoxine, vitamin A), which are readily available in animal protein and fat sources. Omnivore qualities Confusion in their conclusion

Are dogs omnivores or carnivores? - Purina® A Balanced Diet For Dogs Includes Grains Many people believe dogs are carnivores. In fact, dogs are omnivores, and even wolves in the wild derive nutrition from both plant and animal sources. Grains are Nutritious When you look at the research, the evidence stacks up that grains are nutritious and effective for your dog. When We Formulate Our Foods, We Start with Nutrients, Not Ingredients We look for positive results to make sure our formulas benefit real dogs' health, digestion, energy-levels and ability to live a happy, healthy life. We Don't Look at Ingredients in a Vacuum We know that even the best ingredients aren't as effective if they're not blended in concert with other ingredients that make the meal as nutritious and digestible as possible. We care about dogs and helping them live healthy, happy lives.