background preloader

Narratives

Facebook Twitter

Baggage - Superpowers pt. 2. The Six Main Stories, As Identified by a Computer - The Atlantic. Yuval Harari, author of Sapiens, on how meditation made him a better historian. The 10,000-Year Geneaology of Myths. The “Shaft Scene” from the Paleolithic cave paintings in Lascaux, France.

The 10,000-Year Geneaology of Myths

ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS SCENES in the Paleolithic cave paintings in Lascaux, France depicts a confrontation between a man and a bison. The bison appears fixed in place, stabbed by a spear. The man has a bird’s head and is lying prone on the ground. Scholars have long puzzled over the pictograph’s meaning, as the narrative scene it depicts is one of the most complex yet discovered in Paleolithic art. To understand what is going on in these scenes, some scholars have started to re-examine myths passed down through oral traditions, which some evidence suggest may be far older than previously thought. Languaging. A few years ago I read Budapest: A Novel, by the renowned Brazilian musician Chico Buarque.

Languaging

The story of a man who falls in love with Magyar—and its proxy in the form of a seductive tutor, Kriska—the novel contains scant information about Budapest. But it is original in its depiction of a Brazilian who wants a new identity and to fashion it in a language unrelated to his origins. Let’s ditch the dangerous idea that life is a story. ‘Each of us constructs and lives a “narrative”,’ wrote the British neurologist Oliver Sacks, ‘this narrative is us’.

Let’s ditch the dangerous idea that life is a story

Likewise the American cognitive psychologist Jerome Bruner: ‘Self is a perpetually rewritten story.’ And: ‘In the end, we become the autobiographical narratives by which we “tell about” our lives.’ Or a fellow American psychologist, Dan P McAdams: ‘We are all storytellers, and we are the stories we tell.’ And here’s the American moral philosopher J David Velleman: ‘We invent ourselves… but we really are the characters we invent.’ How Our Perceptions Shape Our Reality. If you asked someone, “Do things exist?”

How Our Perceptions Shape Our Reality

The response would probably be, “Of course things exist! The world is full of things. Everyone knows that there is physical stuff out there, that reality is tangible and real!” But what allows any thing — a hand, a chair or any other object — to exist? One way to discover the answer is to imagine a specific thing — say, your hand — expanding and expanding until there is nothing in the universe except the hand. Consider this for a moment. Why Brand Storytelling Is the New Marketing: An Interview with Robert McKee. Who is Robert McKee?

Why Brand Storytelling Is the New Marketing: An Interview with Robert McKee

According to many, he’s the world’s foremost educator on story form and brand storytelling. McKee’s students have collectively won 60 Oscars, 200 Emmys, and hundreds of other prestigious awards. John Cleese has said of his seminar, “It’s an amazingly important course that I’ve gone back to do three times,” and marketers from brands such as Kraft Foods and Pepsico have credited McKee’s seminar, Storynomics, with transforming the way they reach and engage their audiences. Alex Paufler, CEO and president of Mercedes-Benz Thailand, recently told me the value of McKee’s doctrine: “Customers, business partners, and employees do not remember numbers or bullet points well, but they remember stories.

Thus, talk in stories.” But how do brands actually “talk in stories?” I spoke with McKee about the shift marketers are beginning to take from investing in traditional advertising to telling stories people want to hear, as well as learning story craft. What favourite childhood books reveal about the psyche. How does a book get on The New York Times bestsellers lists?

What favourite childhood books reveal about the psyche

For those outside the publishing industry, the question seems tautological. You get on a bestseller list by being among the top 10 bestselling books in your category. Obviously. With certain caveats, that’s true. Overcoming Bad Inner Voices. Prescribing A Story? Medicine Meets Literature In "narrative Medicine" In the November issue of The Lancet, Chris Adrian, MD, postulates about what might be called “narrative medicine.”

Prescribing A Story? Medicine Meets Literature In "narrative Medicine"

How do stories and poems alter our experience of caregiving, illness, and suffering? Does literature “help”? Adrian, who is trained in both creative writing and medicine, thinks that artistic expressions of experience do bring something to clinical care, whether care is experienced on the giving or the receiving end.

He also finds these benefits ineffable, impossible to quantify, study, or prove, and all the more powerful for it. He writes: Lately I feel a strong, anxious conviction that writing and reading fiction and poetry might in fact execute some kind of alleviating change upon our suffering, even in the world of the hospital, upon that portion of our suffering related to illness and death. Storytelling in medicine isn’t just for medical practitioners to engage in. Researcher: Hallucinatory 'voices' shaped by local culture.

By Clifton B.

researcher: Hallucinatory 'voices' shaped by local culture

Parker Tanya Luhrmann, professor of anthropology, studies how culture affects the experiences of people who experience auditory hallucinations, specifically in India, Ghana and the United States. (Image credit: Steve Fyffe) People suffering from schizophrenia may hear “voices” – auditory hallucinations – differently depending on their cultural context, according to new Stanford research. Steps to Turn Off the Nagging Self-Doubt in Your Head. Think of the last time you told yourself something critical or negative.

Steps to Turn Off the Nagging Self-Doubt in Your Head

Then think of the last compliment you gave yourself. Which is easier to remember? Many of us—whether due to genetics, brain chemistry, our experiences or coping skills—tell ourselves way too many negative thoughts. Against Self-Criticism: Adam Phillips on How Our Internal Critics Enslave Us, the Stockholm Syndrome of the Superego, and the Power of Multiple Interpretations. I have thought and continued to think a great deal about the relationship between critical thinking and cynicism — what is the tipping point past which critical thinking, that centerpiece of reason so vital to human progress and intellectual life, stops mobilizing our constructive impulses and topples over into the destructiveness of impotent complaint and embittered resignation, begetting cynicism?

Against Self-Criticism: Adam Phillips on How Our Internal Critics Enslave Us, the Stockholm Syndrome of the Superego, and the Power of Multiple Interpretations

In giving a commencement address on the subject, I found myself contemplating anew this fine but firm line between critical thinking and cynical complaint. To cross it is to exile ourselves from the land of active reason and enter a limbo of resigned inaction. But cross it we do, perhaps nowhere more readily than in our capacity for merciless self-criticism.

We tend to go far beyond the self-corrective lucidity necessary for improving our shortcomings, instead berating and belittling ourselves for our foibles with a special kind of masochism. Authority wants to replace the world with itself. Fastcompany. Reporting for this story took a different turn from the beginning. Usually when I reach out to experts I get enthusiastic replies. But that was not the case when I emailed Professor Bernard Roth, academic director and cofounder of Stanford University's d.school. He said he would "not help" me on a story I wanted to write about some excellent achievement habits he has refined and taught for several decades, which he’s recently collected in a book called The Achievement Habit. George Lakoff - What Makes Personal Identity Continue. Let’s ditch the dangerous idea that life is a story ...

This Is Your Life (and How You Tell It) ‘Fake it ’til you make it’ is psychologically damaging. Our lives and careers are filled with examples of inauthentic behavior. We feign interest in meetings or laugh at our boss’s bad jokes in order to be positive team members, build relationships, and accomplish shared goals. This is how we get along—and it is how some of us get ahead. But according to Maryam Kouchaki, a professor of management and organizations at the Kellogg School, our chronic phoniness comes at a cost. Do thoughts have a language of their own? The... - Lapidarium notes.

A Conversation With Jamie Holmes, Author of 'Nonsense,' About Humans' Discomfort With Uncertainty. Gary Noesner is a former FBI hostage negotiator. For part of the 51-day standoff outside the Branch Davidian religious compound in Waco, Texas, in 1993, he was the strategic coordinator for negotiations with the compound’s leader, David Koresh. This siege ended in infamous tragedy: The FBI launched a tear-gas attack on the compound, which burned to the ground, killing 76 people inside. But before Noesner was rotated out of his position as the siege’s head negotiator, he and his team secured the release of 35 people.

Why story is used to explain symphonies and sport ma... How Stories Change the Brain. Ben’s dying. That’s what Ben’s father says to the camera as we see Ben play in the background. Ben is two years old and doesn’t know that a brain tumor will take his life in a matter of months. Ben’s father tells us how difficult it is to be joyful around Ben because the father knows what is coming. But in the end he resolves to find the strength to be genuinely happy for Ben’s sake, right up to Ben’s last breath. Everyone can relate to this story. A recent analysis identifies this “hero’s journey” story as the foundation for more than half of the movies that come out of Hollywood, and countless books of fiction and nonfiction. 10,000 Years of Oral Narrative.

Storytelling

Myths and Archetypes. Why You're Stuck in a Narrative. For some reason the narrative fallacy does not seem to get as much play as the other major cognitive fallacies. Achieving A Greater Sense of Wellbeing. Simple Reality BLOG. Schema. What is the Self? The Nature of the Self: Experimental Philosopher Joshua Knobe on How We Know Who We Are. Change the Story!

The Internal Dialogue: Mastering the Unseen Forces That Shape Our Destiny. Though a positive, successful, and engaging person, Pam avoided prolonged looks into her mirror. ‘Inner Voices': Hearing the Voice in the Guardian. Hearing the Voice is delighted to draw our readers’ attention to ‘Inner Voices’ – a series of blog posts and short articles on voice-hearing and related issues published online by the Guardian. Written by Hearing the Voice researchers, the articles in the series explore the scientific, philosophical and literary aspects of hearing voices.

Topics covered include the latest research into voice-hearing in people who do not have a psychiatric diagnosis, the neural mechanisms underlying ordinary inner speech and experiences of hearing voices, as well as the representation of voices and inner speech in literary works such as Virginia Woolf’s Mrs Dalloway, Hilary Mantell’s Beyond Black and Samuel Beckett’s Ohio Impromptu, among other issues.

The ‘Inner Voices’ series is available in full here. Talking to Yourself: A Sign of Sanity. Though we live in a noisy world, many people struggle with too much silence in their lives. They are either living alone or living with others who are engrossed in their own thing. How To Deal With Negative And Obsessive Thoughts. Posted on June 23rd, 2012. How to Rewire Your Brain For Success. How to Rewire Your Brain for Success.

Brené Brown Rising Strong Excerpt. The Secret to Breaking Out of Our Most Destructive Habits. Why People Behave in Self-Defeating, Irrational Ways and How to Really Change. Tyler Cowen: Be suspicious of stories. Yuval Noah Harari: What explains the rise of humans? What Makes Humans Different? Fiction and Cooperation. Consciousness Began When the Gods Stopped Speaking: Julian Jaynes’ Famous 1970s Theory.

The Alphabet vs. The Goddess Lecture by Dr. Leonard Shlain. Why Stories Matter - Marshall Ganz. Charles Eisenstein: The Two Great Stories. Differential Language Analysis - WWBP. Innovation: Software to track our emotional outbursts - tech - 08 May 2009. TV Tropes. Uk.businessinsider.