The Norton FIELD GUIDE To WRITING. Indexpunctuation. Punctuation Grammar Rules. Perfect your punctuation: 4 TED-ED Lessons on commas, semicolons and more. Let’s face it: Punctuation is hard.
Even the most seasoned writers can get tripped up on the rules. Should that comma really be there, or is it just taking up space? Should this apostrophe go before or after the S? Where in the world does the semicolon go? Luckily, TED-Ed has gathered four lessons to help you perfect your punctuation. How to use a comma - Terisa Folaron Let’s start with the basics.
How to use a semicolon – Emma Bryce It may seem like the semicolon is struggling with an identity crisis. When to use apostrophes – Laura McClure It’s possessive. Grammar’s great divide: The Oxford comma – TED-Ed If you read “Bob, a DJ and a clown” on a guest list, are three people coming to the party, or only one? Looking for more lessons to improve your writing? Oxford Dictionaries. Punctuation marks are essential when you are writing.
They show the reader where sentences start and finish and if they are used properly they make your writing easy to understand. This section gives practical guidance on how to use commas, semicolons, and other types of punctuation correctly, so that your writing will always be clear and effective. There are also sections which offer advice on using punctuation when writing direct speech, lists, or abbreviations. You may find some aspects of punctuation harder to grasp than others (for example, when to use a semicolon or a colon). Clicking on each heading will take you to a page with more details and full information.
Free English Grammar Lessons and Tests. Serial comma. In English language punctuation, a serial comma or series comma (also called Oxford comma and Harvard comma) is a comma placed immediately before the coordinating conjunction (usually and, or, or nor) in a series of three or more terms.
For example, a list of three countries might be punctuated either as "France, Italy, and Spain" (with the serial comma), or as "France, Italy and Spain" (without the serial comma). Opinions among writers and editors differ on whether to use the serial comma. In American English, a majority of style guides mandate use of the serial comma, including APA style, The Chicago Manual of Style, The MLA Style Manual, Strunk and White's Elements of Style, and the U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual.
In contrast, the Associated Press Stylebook and the stylebook published by The Canadian Press for journalistic writing advise against it. Arguments for and against Common arguments for consistent use of the serial comma: Ambiguity Towson University’s Online Writing Support. Comma. Series | coordinate adjectives | compound elements and sentences | introductory elements | interrupters | nonessential examples | expressions of contrast | dates and addresses | confirmatory questions | names and titles | clarification 1.
In a Series – Place a comma between three or more items connected by a coordinating conjunction. Example: Caution: Do not place commas between two items separated by and or between three items separated from one another by ands. Incorrect: Correct: Remember to place a comma before the coordinating conjunction joining the last two elements of the series.
Confusing: Confusing: 2. Example: Incorrect: 3. The war lasted for two years, but very few people supported it. Comma (,) - Oxford Dictionaries. A comma marks a slight break between different parts of a sentence.
Used properly, commas make the meaning of sentences clear by grouping and separating words, phrases, and clauses. Many people are uncertain about the use of commas, though, and often sprinkle them throughout their writing without knowing the basic rules. Here are the main cases when you need to use a comma: Using commas in lists You need to put a comma between the different items in a list, as in the following sentences: Saturday morning started with a hearty breakfast of scrambled eggs, bacon, sausage, and French toast. The school has a vegetable garden in which the children grow cabbages, onions, potatoes, and carrots. Commas: With Transitional Expressions. Connecting Independent Clauses. Commas: With Appositive Phrases. Commas: With Coordinate Adjectives.