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Constructivism is a theory to explain how knowledge is constructed in the human being when information comes into contact with existing knowledge that had been developed by experiences. It has its roots in cognitive psychology and biology and an approach to education that lays emphasis on the ways knowledge is created in order to adapt to the world. Constructs are the different types of filters we choose to place over our realities to change our reality from chaos to order.
Social constructivism is a sociological theory of knowledge that applies the general philosophical constructivism into social settings, wherein groups construct knowledge for one another, collaboratively creating a small culture of shared artifacts with shared meanings. When one is immersed within a culture of this sort, one is learning all the time about how to be a part of that culture on many levels. Its origins are largely attributed to Lev Vygotsky .
ByGary Hamel The experience of growing up online will profoundly shape the workplace expectations of “Generation F” – the Facebook Generation. At a minimum, they’ll expect the social environment of work to reflect the social context of the Web, rather than as is currently the case, a mid-20th-century Weberian bureaucracy. If your company hopes to attract the most creative and energetic members of Gen F, it will need to understand these Internet-derived expectations, and then reinvent its management practices accordingly. Sure, it’s a buyer’s market for talent right now, but that won’t always be the case—and in the future, any company that lacks a vital core of Gen F employees will soon find itself stuck in the mud. With that in mind, I compiled a list of 12 work-relevant characteristics of online life.
Week 9 is a conference week, focusing on Net Pedagogy. This will be a great opportunity to reflect on how social networks and networked technology impact how we teach and learn. We’ve lined up five excellent speakers for the week: Martin Weller
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Connectivism is a theory of learning which emphasizes the role of the social and cultural context opposed to a more essentialist notion which foregrounds the individual. Connectivism is often associated with and proposes a perspective similar to Vygotsky's 'zone of proximal development' (ZPD, an idea later transposed in to Engeström's (2001) Activity theory [ 1 ] . Central to connectivism is the relationship between work experience, learning and knowledge, as expressed in the concept of ‘connectivity, thus the root of the theory's name. [ 2 ] . It bears some similarity with Bandura's Social Learning Theory that proposes that people learn through contact. The add-on "a learning theory for the digital age", that appears in Siemens' paper [ 3 ] indicates the emphasis it gives to how technology affects how people live, how they communicate and how they learn.
Seymour Papert Constructionist learning is inspired by the constructivist theory that individual learners construct mental models to understand the world around them. However, constructionism holds that learning can happen most effectively when people are also active in making tangible objects in the real world. In this sense, constructionism is connected with experiential learning , and builds on Jean Piaget 's epistemological theory of constructivism . [ 1 ] Seymour Papert defined constructionism in a proposal to the National Science Foundation entitled Constructionism: A New Opportunity for Elementary Science Education as follows: "The word constructionism is a mnemonic for two aspects of the theory of science education underlying this project. From constructivist theories of psychology we take a view of learning as a reconstruction rather than as a transmission of knowledge.
Nous partirons de l’un de nos principes : Enseigner, c’est mettre en place des situations (des dispositifs, des situations-problèmes, des activités … et pourquoi pas un bon exposé de synthèse) dans lesquelles l’étudiant(e) pourra apprendre . Ce “pourra” marque son intentionalité et une certaine indétermination. Nous nous baserons aussi sur une vidéo ” Teaching teaching & Understanding understanding ” qui tout à la fois inspire et illustre notre propos. “Teaching Teaching & Understanding Understanding” is an award-winning film about university and tertiary teaching generally. We follow Susan and Robert in their studies. Susan is a model student using learning activities that deepen her understanding; Robert uses low level activities that only just scrape him a pass.