Media Law Final
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The PROTECT IP Act ( Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act , or PIPA ) is a proposed law with the stated goal of giving the US government and copyright holders additional tools to curb access to "rogue websites dedicated to the sale of infringing or counterfeit goods", especially those registered outside the U.S. [ 1 ] The bill was introduced on May 12, 2011, by Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) [ 2 ] and 11 bipartisan co-sponsors. The Congressional Budget Office estimated that implementation of the bill would cost the federal government $47 million through 2016, to cover enforcement costs and the hiring and training of 22 new special agents and 26 support staff. [ 3 ] The Senate Judiciary Committee passed the bill, but Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) placed a hold on it. [ 4 ] The PROTECT IP Act is a re-write of the Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act (COICA), [ 5 ] which failed to pass in 2010.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act ( DMCA ) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
The Stop Online Piracy Act ( SOPA ) is a United States bill introduced by U.S.
Federal Election Commission v.
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission , 540 U.S. 93 (2003), [ 1 ] is a case in which the United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of most of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA), often referred to as the McCain – Feingold Act. The case takes its name from Senator Mitch McConnell , Republican of Kentucky , and the Federal Election Commission , the federal agency that oversees U.S. campaign finance laws.
Corporate personhood is the legal concept that a corporation may sue and be sued in court in the same way as natural persons or unincorporated associations of persons.
Citizens United v.
Santa Clara County v.