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Ethnomathématiques

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Lambroquins_CultureMATH. 2006-2-Gajardo. Ethnomusicologie, ethnomathématique (Colloque Diderot) Mon exposé est intitulé « Ethnomusicologie, ethnomathématique », car il aborde un domaine appelé ethnomathématique qui s'est développé depuis quelques années à l'intérieur de l'histoire des mathématiques, principalement aux Etats-Unis, et qui consiste à étudier certaines opérations ou raisonnements mathématiques, qu'on peut mettre en évidence dans les sociétés sans écriture.

Ethnomusicologie, ethnomathématique (Colloque Diderot)

C'est une sorte d'extension nouvelle de l'anthropologie s'intéressant aux matériaux recueillis sur le terrain par les ethnologues, pour y repérer des choses qui ressemblent à des élaborations mathématiques, et pour les étudier. Mon propos est d'essayer de voir dans quelle mesure l'ethnomusicologie pourrait être un champ intéressant pour l'ethnomathématique. Plus précisément, les matériaux recueillis sur le terrain par les ethnomusicologues peuvent-ils nourrir la réflexion de ceux qui travaillent en ethnomathématique.

Mon exposé est divisé en trois parties. Ce dessin-là existe au Vanuatu ! Msh.revues. N178R1265. Ethnomathematics Shows Students Their Connections to Math. This article supplements the feature "Ethnomathematics and Mathematics Professors" in the April/May issue of MAA FOCUS.

Ethnomathematics Shows Students Their Connections to Math

A two-hulled canoe in the Pacific, where fishermen and sailors once used patterns in nature to guide them across long distances (Photo courtesy of Pat Kenschaft). Linda Furuto loved growing up on O‘ahu’s* North Shore, spearfishing, diving, swimming, and surfing. One of her earliest childhood memories was jumping into the dumpster behind Hau‘ula Shopping Center, grabbing out one of the cardboard boxes, flattening it, and using it to ride as fast as she could down the dirt hill behind the mall.

“Those are memories that I cherish,” she says. Mathematics class? Today, as an assistant professor of mathematics at the University of Hawai‘i–West O‘ahu, she helps mathematics-averse students see those kinds of relations and applications with the same enthusiasm. One field trip is to the Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology on Coconut Island. Ethnomathematics: an absolutely essential key for Mathematics Education. Wg8-04-carmo-domite. Ron Eglash Home Page. Resources on mathematical ideas among People of Latin America.

Etnomatematica y quipus. A grandeza da civilização Inca não se evidenciou apenas em suas técnicas de engenharia, mas também na maneira como esta civilização organizou seu Estado, criando, para tanto, um sistema de cordas - os quipus - para registro alfanumérico, usados nos séculos XV e XVI para codificar suas informações e resolver problemas numéricos.

etnomatematica y quipus

Este trabalho enfoca a etnomatemática desta civilização, visando a compreensão da maneira particular como esta conhecia, entendia, explicava e organizava seus conhecimentos matemáticos. Para tanto, partimos da análise dos quipus como sistema de escrita codificada que relaciona arte em sua construção e matemática em sua estrutura. Reconhecendo a matemática como um sistema de codificação que permite descrever, trabalhar, entender e controlar a realidade, a análise matemática dos quipus representou um avanço em sua decodificação e evidenciou sua importância como fonte de informação histórica.

Tabela 1. Referências bibliográficas: ACEVEDO, C.L.H. Etthomathematics & quipus. Etnomatemática y quipus. Yupanchis. Red Latinoamericana de Etnomatemática. Ethnomathematics-Key text. The term ‘ethnomathematics’ was first used in the late 1960s by a Brazilian mathematician, Ubiratan D’Ambrosio, to describe the mathematical practices of identifiable cultural groups.

Ethnomathematics-Key text

Some see it as the study of mathematics in different cultures, others as a way of making mathematics more relevant to different cultural or ethnic groups, yet others as a way of understanding the differences between cultures. But perhaps the most powerful claim for the new discipline has been made by D’Ambrosio himself (quoted in The Chronicle of Higher Education, 6 October 2000): This makes ethnomathematics a rather unusual discipline, because it attempts to meld science and social justice.

This isn't something that sits comfortably with many scientists: science, they argue, is science, and trying to make it politically correct will only impede its progress. Examples of non-Western mathematics Many non-Western cultures have developed complex mathematical systems. Counting systems in Papua New Guinea. Ethnomathematics Web Quest. Mathematics is not a linear science!

Ethnomathematics Web Quest

Cultures all over the world have made important discoveries. As explorers traveled the world, they brought to their own countries the advancements in math and sciences they found in the various places they visited. Textbooks tell us a lot about the Greeks and the Europeans and their marvelous contributions; now your job is to find out what other peoples developed through the years. As you learn some mathematical facts from a variety of cultures, try to decide which you think are the most interesting and important. This may be the basis for your presentation project! Use the following links to help answer the questions below.

If you would like additional resources, please visit this page. Ethnomathematics Digital Library (EDL) Revista RLE « Red Latinoamericana de Etnomatemática. {*style:<b> - Estadísticas </b>*}