The Arts Music Store guitars amplifiers keyboards drumkits cymbals serving Toronto Richmond Hill Mississauga Ottawa Sudbury Markham London Peterborough Hamilton Barrie Owen Sound Ontario Canadaian music stores online. Guitar Chords. Welcome to Fender.com. Guitar. History Before the development of the electric guitar and the use of synthetic materials, a guitar was defined as being an instrument having "a long, fretted neck, flat wooden soundboard, ribs, and a flat back, most often with incurved sides". The term is used to refer to a number of chordophones that were developed and used across Europe, beginning in the 12th century and, later, in the Americas. A 3,300-year-old stone carving of a Hittite bard playing a stringed instrument is the oldest iconographic representation of a chordophone. The term guitar is descended from the Latin word cithara but the modern guitar itself is generally not believed to have descended from the Roman instrument.